Area codes 305 and 786

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Area code 305 is the area code for all of Miami, Florida, Miami-Dade County, and the part of Monroe County in the Florida Keys in the United States. The mainland portion of Monroe County is served by area code 239. Area code 305 became overlaid by area code 786 in 1998.[1]

The area code 305 is commonly used as a metonym for Miami.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Area code 305 was one of the original area codes created in 1947, and originally covered the entire state of Florida. The western part of the peninsula from the Tampa Bay area south, which was served mostly by GTE (now part of Verizon), was separated into area code 813 in 1953.[2] As a result of the increase in the state's population, North Florida from the Panhandle to Jacksonville was assigned area code 904 with a permissive dialing period beginning July 6, 1965, and a mandatory dialing period beginning January 1, 1966.[3]

In 1988, the east coast of Florida from Palm Beach County north through Brevard County, as well as the Orlando metropolitan area was assigned area code 407.[4] In 1995, Broward County was split from 305 and assigned area code 954. Although this was intended to be a long-term solution, within two years the reconfigured area code 305 was already close to exhaustion due to explosive growth in South Florida, as well as the increasing popularity of cell phones and pagers. Available numbers were limited by the fact that Monroe County was split between two area codes. To solve this problem, area code 786 was installed as an overlay in 1998. The overlay originally only covered Miami-Dade County; the Keys were added in 2008.[1]

In popular culture[edit]

Bass 305 was one of the preeminent electronic bass musical groups of the 1990s, which aided in the popularization of electronica and Miami bass fusion.

Cuban-American rapper Pitbull often refers to himself as "Mr. 305".

American professional wrestler Montel Vontavious Porter uses a modified facebuster finishing move known as "The 305".

Enrique Iglesias uses "@enrique305" as his account name on Twitter

A Fort Lauderdale restaurant in the 1970s was named "Area Code 305".

There is a restaurant in Sunny Isles Beach inside the Newport Beachside Resort (where MTV held its Spring Break 2008 party[5]) that is named "Kitchen305".

There is a magazine in Miami called 305 Magazine.

Drake titled a song "305 to My City" on his 2013 album Nothing Was the Same.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NANP Area Code History: 1998". Retrieved December 27, 2007.
  2. ^ "NANP Area Code History: 1948–1959". Retrieved December 27, 2007.
  3. ^ "NANP Area Code History: 1960–1969". Retrieved December 27, 2007.
  4. ^ "NANP Area Code History: 1980–1989". Retrieved December 27, 2007.
  5. ^ Staff (undated). "Spring Break 2008". MTV. Retrieved September 19, 2013.


External links[edit]

Florida area codes: 239, 305, 321, 352, 386, 407, 561, 727, 754, 772, 786, 813, 850, 863, 904, 941, 954
North: 754/954
West: 239 area code 305/786 East: 242
South: Country code +53 in Cuba
Bahamas area codes: 242