Areca

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For other uses, see Areca (disambiguation).
Areca
Areca catechu - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-014.jpg
Areca catechu - 1897 illustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Areceae
Subtribe: Arecinae
Genus: Areca
L.
Type species
Areca catechu [2]
L.
Synonyms[3]
  • Mischophloeus Scheff.
  • Gigliolia Becc.
  • Pichisermollia H.C.Monteiro

Areca is a genus of about 50 species of palms in the family Arecaceae, found in humid tropical forests from China and India, across Southeast Asia to Melanesia.[3][2] The generic name Areca is derived from a name used locally on the Malabar Coast of India.

Usage[edit]

The best-known member of the genus is A. catechu, the areca nut palm.[2] Several species of areca nuts, known for their bitter and tangy taste, raw or dried, are routinely used for chewing, especially in combination with the leaves of betel, and dried leaves of tobacco which is root cause of oral cancer being carcinogenic[citation needed], and calcium hydroxide (lime). This practice is popular among aged people in southeastern Asia.

Species[edit]

See also[edit]

Worldwide areca yield

References[edit]

  1. ^ Areca catechu - the Areca palm. In botanical drawing from Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen - by Franz Eugen Köhler, in 1897.
  2. ^ a b c Charlie D. Heatubun, John Dransfield, Thomas Flynn, Sri S. Tjitrosoedirjo, Johanis P. Mogea & William J. Baker (2012). "A monograph of the betel nut palms (Areca: Arecaceae) of East Malesia". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 168 (2): 147–173. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2011.01199.x. 
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

External links[edit]

Health Benefits of Areca - Air Purifier