Areca

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For other uses, see Areca (disambiguation).
Areca
Areca catechu - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-014.jpg
Areca catechu - 1897 illustration[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Areceae
Subtribe: Arecinae
Genus: Areca
L.
Type species
Areca catechu [2]
L.
Synonyms[3]
  • Mischophloeus Scheff.
  • Gigliolia Becc.
  • Pichisermollia H.C.Monteiro

Areca is a genus of about 50 species of palms in the family Arecaceae, found in humid tropical forests from China and India, across Southeast Asia to Melanesia.[2][3] The generic name Areca is derived from a name used locally on the Malabar Coast of India.

Usage[edit]

The best-known member of the genus is A. catechu, the areca nut palm.[2][4] Several species of areca nuts, known for their bitter and tangy taste, raw or dried, are routinely used for chewing, especially in combination with the leaves of betel, and dried leaves of tobacco which is root cause of oral cancer being carcinogenic[citation needed], and calcium hydroxide (lime). This practice is popular among aged people in southeastern Asia.

Another use of Areca is making plates out of lts fallen leaves. These plates are made with hot water treatment without the use of any chemicals.These eco friendly plates are used as disposable options earlier only in south Indian region of India, where these trees are found in large number, but now they are identified as eco friendly option of plastic disposable plates and other form of dinnerware. These plate can be made from the dried fallen leaves of the Areca tree so the trees are also not harmed in the process of manufacturing these plates.

A huge export market is developing market around the export of these plate to the developed countries, where the population is more aware about environment conservation. China is the leading exporter of these plates.

Species[edit]

See also[edit]

Worldwide areca yield

References[edit]

  1. ^ Areca catechu - the Areca palm. In botanical drawing from Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen - by Franz Eugen Köhler, in 1897.
  2. ^ a b c Charlie D. Heatubun, John Dransfield, Thomas Flynn, Sri S. Tjitrosoedirjo, Johanis P. Mogea & William J. Baker (2012). "A monograph of the betel nut palms (Areca: Arecaceae) of East Malesia". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 168 (2): 147–173. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2011.01199.x. 
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ "Zumbroich, Thomas J. 2008. The origin and diffusion of betel chewing: A synthesis of evidence from South Asia, Southeast Asia and beyond. E-Journal of Indian Medicine 1(3): 87-140". Retrieved 2015-02-25. 

External links[edit]

Eco friendly areca dinnerware