|Alma mater||Moscow University|
|Occupation||Dean of the Faculty of Economics in Damascus University (former), economics professor|
|Organization||National Coordination Committee for Democratic Change (2011-present)|
|Known for||2001-08 imprisonment|
|Political movement||Damascus Spring|
Aref Dalila (Arabic: عارف دليلة) (born 1942) is a Syrian economist and former Dean of the Faculty of Economics in Damascus University. He was sentenced to ten years' imprisonment in 2002 on charges of "trying to corrupt the constitution, inciting armed rebellion and spreading false information" for his political activity during the Damascus Spring period, and imprisoned until released by presidential pardon in 2008.
Born in Latakia, Dalila holds a doctorate in economics from Moscow University. In the 1980s, he worked in Kuwait. Later he returned to Syria, taking the post of Dean of Economics at Damascus University. In 1998, however, his criticism of the economic policies of President Hafez Assad allegedly led to his being banned from teaching.
In 2000, Dalila was active in the "Damascus Spring", the title used for the period of political activism that followed following the death of former president Assad in June 2000 and the succession to the presidency of his son, Bashar Assad. During a general crackdown on the Damascus Spring activists, Dalila was arrested in Damascus on 9 September 2001, reportedly following a lecture advocating greater democracy and transparency in government and an end to corruption. The lecture was titled "The Syrian Economy: problems and solutions" and also addressed Syria's worsening economy and called for the abolition of state monopolies.
Dalila's lawyer, Anwar al-Bunni, reported that Dalila was beaten by police during his subsequent interrogation, presenting as evidence a blood-stained handkerchief. Upon making the allegation, al-Bunni was banned from future practice before the Supreme State Security Court. On 31 July 2002, Dalila was sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment.
France and the U.S. objected to Dalila's imprisonment and pressed for his release. In 2006, U.S. President George W. Bush named Dalila in a speech as a political prisoner unfairly jailed by Syria. President Assad responded that the complaints amounted to foreign interference in Syrian domestic affairs. Dalila was later adopted by Amnesty International as a prisoner of conscience. PEN American Center also protested his sentence, stating that his trial "did not comply with international standards."
During his imprisonment, Dalila suffered from diabetes and heart disease, undergoing a heart surgery; both conditions were reportedly worsened by the poor conditions of his confinement. He began a hunger strike to protest these conditions in July 2005. In May 2006, he also suffered a stroke.
When he was released from prison on 7 August 2008 by presidential amnesty, he was the longest-serving prisoner from the Damascus Spring. He had served seven years of his ten-year sentence, the majority of which was spent in solitary confinement.
Role in Syrian uprising
He later served on the executive committee of the National Coordination Committee for Democratic Change, a political bloc calling for democratic reform and opposed to President Assad. He is critical of the broader opposition alliance Syrian National Council, stating that the situation in Syria has continued to decline since its formation: "Instead of solving the problem, it made it more complicated".
- "Two Syrian dissidents jailed". BBC News. 31 July 2002. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Syrian dissident economist freed". BBC News. 7 April 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Profiles: Syrian opposition figures". Al Jazeera. 27 June 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Muhammad Atef Fares (June 2012). "Q&A: Aref Dalila, Former Dean of the Faculty of Economics at Damascus University and member of the National Coordination Committee for Democratic Change (NCC)". Syria Today. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Khaled Yacoub Oweis (7 August 2008). "Syrian dissident Dalila freed". Reuters. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Syria: Amnesty International Welcomes Release of Prisoner of Conscience". Amnesty International. 8 August 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Syria: Aref Dalila". PEN American Center. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Road to Damascus". The New York Sun. 14 December 2006. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Khaled Yacoub Oweis (28 March 2011). "Notables calm sectarian tensions in Syrian city". Reuters. Retrieved 19 July 2012.