Arent S. Crowninshield
|Arent Schuyler Crowninshield|
March 14, 1843|
|Died||May 14, 1908
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1863–c.1900|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War
Arent Schuyler Crowninshield (March 14, 1843 – May 27, 1908) was an rear admiral of the United States Navy. He saw combat during the Civil War, and after the war held high commands both afloat and ashore.
Born in New York, he was the grandson of Jacob Crowninshield (appointed Navy secretary under President Jefferson, but who died before taking up the office), and grandnephew of George Crowninshield Jr. (adventuring owner of Cleopatra's Barge, first yacht to cross the Atlantic) and Benjamin Williams Crowninshield, United States Secretary of the Navy. Some sources give his first name as Alton.
Arent graduated from the United States Naval Academy on 28 May 1863 and immediately went into action in the American Civil War, participating in the assault on Fort Fisher while serving on the steam sloop Ticonderoga.
He commanded the training ship Portsmouth from 1878 to 1881, the school ship St. Mary's of the New York Nautical School from 1887 to 1891, and the sloop-of-war Kearsarge from February 1892 to November 1893.
Promoted to captain on 21 July 1894, he took command of the new battleship Maine at her commissioning in 1895, leaving in 1897 to become chief of the Bureau of Navigation with the rank of Rear Admiral.
During the 1898 Spanish-American War, Crowninshield was appointed to the Naval War Board, and had a large part in the United States Naval operations planning that resulted in resounding victories like the Battle of Manila Bay.