|Intercommunality||Vallée de Barétous|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Pierre Casabonne|
|• Land1||92.23 km2 (35.61 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||12/km2 (31/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64040 / 64570|
|Elevation||292–2,315 m (958–7,595 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
Arette (Areta in Occitan) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. It is located in the arrondissement of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and is one of the six communes of the canton of Aramits; the other five are Ance, Aramits (commune), Féas, Issor et Lanne-en-Barétous. Arrete lies close to both the French Basque region and to Spain, and is within the borders of Béarn, one of the traditional French provinces.
Arette is a very large commune and has a land area of 92 km2. It is also mountainous (the La Pierre Saint-Martin ski resort is within its borders, for example) and its highest peak is the 2,315 m Soum Couy, which is situated not far from the 2,504 m Pic d'Anie: the highest peak in the western Pyrenees. From Pic d'Anie the mountain range extends downwards for approximately 20 km, forming both sides of the Aspe valley to the north-west. The Vert d'Arette (a tributary of the Vert) flows through this valley. The ancient village (also named Arette) from which the commune extends is located at an altitude of 316 m in the valley of Barétous, which lies between the aforementioned Aspe valley, to its east, and the Basque province of Soule, to its west.
According to Insee, Arette had 1,091 inhabitants in 2008. Censuses carried out in Arette on a regular basis since 1793 provide data about the change in the commune's population levels over time. The population peaked at 2,245 inhabitants in 1841 and 1846.
|Population of Arette since 1793|
|sources=Cassini database of the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences for figures up to 1999, Insee database for 2008.|
- Col de la Pierre St Martin
- GR 10 footpath
- Vert River
- Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- "Arette (64040 - Commune): Évolution et structure de la population". Insee statistiques locals. L'Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (Insee). Retrieved 1 December 2011.
- "Notice communal: Arret". Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui. L'École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS). Retrieved 1 December 2011.
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