Arg of Karim Khan

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Karim Khan Castle
ارگ کریم خان
Arg é Karim Khān
Shiraz, Iran
Karim 881211.jpg
Type citadel
Site history
Built 1766-7

The Karim Khan Castle (Persian: ارگ کریم خانArg-e Karim Khan) is a citadel located in the north-east of Shiraz, southern Iran. It was built as part of a complex during the Zand dynasty and is named after Karim Khan, and served as his living quarters. In shape it resembles a medieval fortress.

At times, the citadel was used as a prison. Today, it is a museum operated by Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization.

Etymology[edit]

Karim Khan Castle is also known as Arge Karim Khan, Arge Karim Khani and Citadel of Karim Khan.

History[edit]

Arg-e-Karim Khan was built in 1180 AH (1766-7). Karim Khan invited the best architects and artists of the time and bought the best materials from other cities and abroad for the construction of the citadel of Karim Khan, which was quickly constructed. During the Zand dynasty it was used by the king as living quarters. During the Qajar period it was used as the governor's seat.

Prince Abdolhosein Mirza Farmanfarma, governor of Fars Province, ordered the miniatures in the citadel to be renovated.

After the fall of the Qajar Dynasty it was converted into a prison and the paintings were plastered over. In 1971 it was given to Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization. The renovation of the citadel started in 1977.

The Panorama of Karim Khan Castle in Shiraz

Description[edit]

Vakil Fortress

Karim Khan Castle is located at Shahrdari Square. It has a land area of 4,000 m2 and is in the center of a 12,800 m2 compound.[1] The Citadel of Karim Khan consists of four high walls connected by four 14 m round brick towers at a 90-degree angle. Each 12 m wall is carnalized and is 3 meters thick at the base and 2.8 meters at the top.[1][2] The design of the citadel combines military and residential architecture, for it was the home of Karim Khan and the military center of the dynasty.[2]

James Edward Alexander in 1827 described the citadel as being surrounded by a "deep wet ditch".[3]

Tile works depicting legendary tales were added at the entrance gate of the citadel during the Qajar Era.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b retrieved 11 Feb 2008
  2. ^ a b محمد جواد مطلع. "شهرداری شیراز". Shirazcity.org. Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  3. ^ James Edward Alexander, Travels from India to England: Comprehending a Visit to the Burman Empire, Parbury, Allen (1827) p.125

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°37′03″N 52°32′41″E / 29.6174°N 52.5446°E / 29.6174; 52.5446