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Entry to Argagnon
Entry to Argagnon
Argagnon is located in France
Coordinates: 43°27′27″N 0°40′52″W / 43.4575°N 0.6811°W / 43.4575; -0.6811Coordinates: 43°27′27″N 0°40′52″W / 43.4575°N 0.6811°W / 43.4575; -0.6811
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Arthez-de-Béarn
Intercommunality Arthez-de-Béarn
 • Mayor (2008–2014) André Cassou
 • Land1 9.33 km2 (3.60 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 730
 • Population2 density 78/km2 (200/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64042 / 64300
Elevation 66–209 m (217–686 ft)
(avg. 106 m or 348 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Argagnon (Arganhon in Occitan) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Argagnonais or Argagnonaises[1]


The Gave de Pau at Aragnon

Argagnon is located some 7 km south-east of Orthez and 2 km north-west of Maslacq. Access to the commune is by the D817 road from Orthez which passes through the village and continues south-east to Artix. The D275 from Maslacq to Arthez-de-Béarn passes through the eastern part of the commune. The Toulouse-Bayonne railway passes through the south of the commune parallel to the D817 but there is no station in the commune. The nearest stations are at Orthez to the north-west and Lacq to the south-east. The commune consists mostly of farmland however there are forests in the east and north of the commune.[2]

The commune lies in the Drainage basin of the Adour and the Gave de Pau flows through the south-western edge of the commune with the Ruisseau de Clamonde flowing into it from the commune.[2] Paul Raymond mentioned in 1863[3] that the Juren, a stream with its source in Arthez-de-Béarn, crossed Aragnon and flowed into the Gave de Pau

Places and Hamlets[4][edit]

  • Arramoun
  • Arrigran
  • Arriscle
  • Arvélé
  • Audios
  • Baraten
  • Bataille
  • Bernès
  • Bouhaben
  • Cazenave
  • Cazot
  • Château Champetier
  • Chou
  • Claverie
  • Clerc
  • Soum de Coste
  • Daubagna
  • Guillemet
  • Houndière
  • Jouanbayle
  • Lacamuse
  • Lachourute
  • Lahoueillâde
  • Larréc
  • Larrus
  • Lassègue
  • Lasserre
  • Lescloupé
  • Lirou
  • Louncouat
  • Lourtas
  • Lourteigt
  • Marcerin[3]
  • Marchand
  • Marquittou
  • Maysonnave
  • Mirabel
  • Momas
  • Mouillade
  • Moullié
  • Nicot
  • Pédauque
  • Pehau
  • Pierre Grand
  • Poumé
  • Pradot
  • Puyôo
  • Roc
  • Sabaté
  • Sarraillot
  • Sauvajunte
  • Tisné

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]


The name Argagnon appears in the forms:

  • Arganion (977[5] and 11th century,[3] Cartulary of Bigorre[6] for the second date)
  • Argalhoo (1376,[3] Military inspection of Béarn[7])
  • Arguanhoo (1385,[3] Census of Béarn[8])
  • Arganhoo (1546,[3] Reformation of Béarn[9])
  • Argagnon on the Cassini Map (end of the 18th century[10])
  • Argagnon-Marcerin during the reunion with Marcerin on 8 April 1851[3]

Its name in Béarnais is Arganhon. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[5] indicated that the name Argagnon originated from the first owner, Arcanius, and was expanded with the suffix -onem giving the meaning "Domain of Arcanius".

Paul Raymond in 1863 cited[3] a fief, the vassal of the Viscounty of Béarn, called Castéra, already mentioned in 1538[3] with the spelling Casterar (Reformation of Béarn[9]).

Les Castets was a place in Argagnon-Marcerin, cited in 1779[3] by the Terrier of Marcerin.[11]

Marcerin has been cited in the forms:

  • Marcerii (1345,[3] Notaries of Pardies[12])
  • Marsserü (1385,[3] Census of Béarn[8])
  • Marsery (1779,[3] Terrier of Marcerin[11])
  • Marcery (1793[13] or Year II).


In 1385 Argagnon and Marcerin depended on the bailiwick of Pau.[3] Marcerin at that time had twelve fires.

The Lords of Argagnon were the Castera family[14][15]

Argagnon until 1846 was part of the Canton of Lagor.[3] The commune merged with Marcerin on 8 April 1851 to form the commune of Argagnon-Marcerin.

During the German occupation from 1940-1944 it was one of the official check points for the Demarcation line.


List of Successive Mayors[16]

From To Name Party Position
1995 Name Georges Vandesande
1995 2001 Guillaume Defarge
2001 2014 André Cassou

(Not all data is known)

Georges Vandesande sponsored the candidacy of Jacques Cheminade in the presidential election of 1995.


Argagnon belongs to five inter-communal structures:[17]

  • the Community of communes of Lacq;
  • the AEP association of Gave and Baïse;
  • the energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association of Arthez-de-Béarn;
  • the inter-communal association of defence against floods from the Gave de Pau.


In 1385 the commune had 9 fires.[3]

In 2009 the commune had 730 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
212 193 205 227 222 238 359 366 348
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
515 491 486 457 464 502 460 442 415
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
415 436 411 393 408 366 330 309 323
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
374 468 505 501 695 711 707 730 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population of Argagnon


The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone designation of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Nickname and saying[edit]

According to Hubert Dutech,[18] the inhabitants of Marcerin were called perautucs, meaning "fools". He also cited the saying A Marcerin, n'i a glèisa ni mouli, mes que i a ua houratèra, oun lou diable apèra, which means "In Marcerin there is neither church nor mill, but there is a small cave where the devil calls".

Civil heritage[edit]

Several prehistoric camps have been found in the commune, reflecting its ancient past. The most important of them is the Turoû de Dous Garos[18] at 90 metres altitude. Ditches surround it and there are three earthen ramparts. Remains from the Iron Age have been discovered. The park of the current chateau is located in the former castéra.

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-Pierre

The church of Saint-Pierre[19] from 1866 was built on remains from the 11th century. It is registered in the General Inventory of Cultural Heritage .


Argagnon has a primary school.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Raymond Larrabure, born in 1797 in Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port and died in 1875 in Argagnon, was a French politician.
  • Henry de Pène, born in 1830 in Paris and died in 1888 in the same city, was a French writer and journalist. Henry de Pène was also called Henry de Pène of Argagnon - after the castle owned by his father at Argagnon.
  • Robert Sarrabère, born in 1926 in Argagnon was a French Catholic bishop of Aire and Dax until his retirement in 2002. From 9 January to 2 September 2007, he served the diocese of Montauban as Apostolic Administrator during the period of transition from one bishop to another.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of Béarn-Basque country,1863 (French)
  4. ^ Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 4 February 2012 (French)
  5. ^ a b Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  6. ^ Cartulary of Bigorre - Manuscript from the 15th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  7. ^ Manuscript from 1376 - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  8. ^ a b Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  9. ^ a b Manuscript from the 16th to the 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn, 2006, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (French)
  11. ^ a b Manuscript from the 18th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ Notaries of Pardies - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ Page on Marcerin on the EHESS Cassini project website (French)
  14. ^ Review of Pau and Béarn, Nos. 10-11, Société des sciences, lettres et arts de Pau (French)
  15. ^ French Armorial: Cabaumont-Cordes, J. H. Willems, H. Lamant, Jean-Yves Conan (French)
  16. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  17. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 4 February 2012 (French)
  18. ^ a b Lo Noste Béarn, Hubert Dutech, ISBN 978-2914709187, Monhélios, 2003 (Basque)
  19. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000509 Church of St. Peter (French)