Argeș County

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Argeș County
Județul Argeș
County
Vidraru Lake and Dam in northern Argeș County
Vidraru Lake and Dam in northern Argeș County
Coat of arms of Argeș County
Coat of arms
Location of Argeș County in Romania
Location of Argeș County in Romania
Coordinates: 45°00′N 24°49′E / 45.0°N 24.82°E / 45.0; 24.82Coordinates: 45°00′N 24°49′E / 45.0°N 24.82°E / 45.0; 24.82
Country  Romania
Development region1 Sud
Historic region Muntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Pitești
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Constantin Nicolescu (PSD)
 • Prefect2 Marcel Proca
Area
 • Total 6,862 km2 (2,649 sq mi)
Area rank 10th in Romania
Population (2011 census[1])
 • Total 612,431
 • Rank 10th in Romania
 • Density 89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 11wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x484
Car Plates AG5
GDP US$ 6.2 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 9,488 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union.
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaries' corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Argeș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈard͡ʒeʃ] ( )) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Pitești.

Demographics[edit]

In October 20, 2011, it had a population of 612,431 and the population density was 89/km².[1]

Year County population[2][1]
1948 448,964
1956 Increase 483,741
1966 Increase 529,833
1977 Increase 631,918
1992 Increase 680,574
2002 Decrease 652,625
2011 Decrease 612,431

Geography[edit]

Landscape in central and southern Argeș County

This county has a total area of 6,862 km². The relief can be split into 3 distinctive parts. In the north side there are the mountains, from the Southern Carpathians group – the Făgăraș Mountains with Moldoveanu Peak (2,544 m), Negoiu Peak (2,535 m) and Vânătoarea lui Buteanu peak (2,508 m) towering the region, and in the North-East part the Leaotă Mountains. Between them there is a pass towards Brașov, the Rucăr-Bran Passage. The heights decrease, and in the center there are the sub-carpathian hills, with heights around 800 m, crossed with very deep valleys. In the south there is the northern part of the Romanian Plain.

The main river that crosses the county is the Argeș River in which almost all the other rivers coming from the mountains flow. In the south the main rivers are the Vedea River and the Teleorman River.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The county is one of the most industrialized counties in Romania. There is one oil refinery and two automobile plants at Mioveni – the Dacia Renault car plant, and at Câmpulung the ARO plant.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Automotive
  • Chemical
  • Electrical equipment
  • Home appliances
  • Food
  • Textiles
  • Construction materials

Oil is being extracted in the center and in the south. Also there are a few coal mines and close to Mioveni there is a nuclear research and production facility making nuclear fuels for the Cernavodă Nuclear Electric Power Plant. On the Argeș River there are a great number of hydroelectric power plants, the most impressive being the Vidraru power plant and dam.

The hillsides are well suited for wines and fruit orchards, and the south is suited for cereal crops.

Tourism[edit]

The main tourist destinations are:

Administrative divisions[edit]

1715 coat of arms of Argeș, Teleorman and Mehedinți counties on the frontispice of the Antim Monastery

Argeș County has 3 cities, 4 towns and 95 communes:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002"