Argelès-sur-Mer

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Argelès-sur-Mer
The beach at Argelès-sur-Mer
The beach at Argelès-sur-Mer
Coat of arms of Argelès-sur-Mer
Coat of arms
Argelès-sur-Mer is located in France
Argelès-sur-Mer
Argelès-sur-Mer
Coordinates: 42°32′42″N 3°01′25″E / 42.5449°N 3.0235°E / 42.5449; 3.0235Coordinates: 42°32′42″N 3°01′25″E / 42.5449°N 3.0235°E / 42.5449; 3.0235
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Department Pyrénées-Orientales
Arrondissement Céret
Canton Argelès-sur-Mer
Intercommunality Communauté de communes des Albères et de la Côte Vermeille
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Pierre Aylagas
Area1 58.67 km2 (22.65 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 9,901
 • Density 170/km2 (440/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 66008 / 66700
Elevation 0–1,099 m (0–3,606 ft)
(avg. 16 m or 52 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Argelès-sur-Mer (Catalan: Argelers de la Marenda or simply Argelers) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France.

It lies near Perpignan.

Geography[edit]

Argelès-sur-Mer is located in the canton of Argelès-sur-Mer and in the arrondissement of Céret.

Argelès-sur-Mer is located in the coast sector of the Côte Vermeille at the foot of the Albères mountain range, just a short drive away from the Spanish border. Argelès-sur-Mer is the longest beach of Pyrenées Orientales.

Map of Argelès-sur-Mer and its surrounding communes

History[edit]

During World War II, Argelès-sur-Mer was the location of a French concentration camp, the infamous Camp de concentration d'Argelès-sur-Mer, where up to 100,000 defeated Spanish Republicans were interned by a windy beach in abysmal sanitary conditions by the French government after the defeat of the Spanish Republic. The refugees streamed to the camp beginning in the winter of 1938/39 after the collapse of the Catalonian front following the rebel offensive.[1]

Government and politics[edit]

Mayors[edit]

Mayor Term start Term end
Marc Surjus 1800 1813
Paul Pujas[2] ca. 1815 ?
Gaston Pams 1953 1981
Isidore Fourriques 1981 1983
Jean Carrère 1983 2001
Pierre Aylagas 2001

Population and society[edit]

Demography[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 847 —    
1800 1,064 +25.6%
1806 1,173 +10.2%
1821 1,401 +19.4%
1831 1,478 +5.5%
1836 1,964 +32.9%
1841 2,136 +8.8%
1846 2,251 +5.4%
1851 2,325 +3.3%
1856 2,447 +5.2%
1861 2,456 +0.4%
1866 2,537 +3.3%
1872 2,600 +2.5%
1876 2,833 +9.0%
1881 3,134 +10.6%
1886 3,303 +5.4%
1891 3,413 +3.3%
1896 3,307 −3.1%
1901 3,358 +1.5%
1906 2,913 −13.3%
1911 2,837 −2.6%
1921 2,851 +0.5%
1926 2,835 −0.6%
1931 2,966 +4.6%
1936 2,945 −0.7%
1946 2,968 +0.8%
1954 2,907 −2.1%
1962 3,659 +25.9%
1968 5,022 +37.3%
1975 5,100 +1.6%
1982 5,723 +12.2%
1990 7,188 +25.6%
1999 9,069 +26.2%
2006 9,928 +9.5%
2009 10,033 +1.1%


Education[edit]

Sports[edit]

The Étoile sportive catalane is the rugby union club of Argelès-sur-Mer.

Culture[edit]

Sites of interest[edit]

Dolmen of the Collets de Cotlliure
Notre-Dame del Prat
Buildings
  • Dolmen of the Collets de Cotlliure (Monument historique)
  • Dolmen of the Cova de l'Alarb (Monument historique)
  • Dolmen of Sant Pere dels Forquets
  • Chapel of Saint-Jérôme d'Argelès, from the 10th century
  • Church of Saint-Ferréol de la Pava (Monument historique), from the 10th century
  • Parish church of Notre-Dame del Prat, from the 14th to the 20th centuries (Monument historique)
  • Church of Sainte-Marie de Torreneules, from the 8th to the 10th centuries
  • Abbey of Valbonne, from the 13th to the 14th centuries
  • Church of Saint-Laurent-du-Mont, from the 12th century (Monument historique)
  • Church of Saint-Martin-et-Sainte-Croix, from the 11th or 12th century, and the old village of Taxo d'Avall (both Monument historique)
  • Church of Saint-Pierre dels Forquets, pre-romanesque ruins
  • Castle of Pujols, from the 13th century (Monument historique)
  • Massane tower, in the Albera Massif, from the 13th century
  • Castle of Valmy, from the 19th century
  • Casa de l'Albera, museum about the Albera Massif
Natural sites
  • National nature reserve of the Mas Larrieu
  • National nature reserve of the Massane forest
  • The Bois des pins is the historical pine forest located near the beach front. Created in the 1860s by the General Council of the Pyrénées-Orientales, it still has to this day over 8,000 centenarian pines.[3]

Notable people[edit]

  • Marcelle Narbonne (1898-2012) : supercentenarian who lived and died in Argelès-sur-Mer.
  • David Ensor (1906-1987) : British lawyer, actor, author and Labour Party politician, lived and died in Argelès-sur-Mer.
  • Marc Lièvremont (1968-) : former rugby union footballer raised in Argelès-sur-Mer and former member of the Étoile sportive catalane club.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Corazón Helado de 1939 - Los exilios republicanos
  2. ^ (French) Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Argelès, 11 juin 1815, 12 january 2014
  3. ^ Cárdenas, Fabricio (2014). 66 petites histoires du Pays Catalan [66 Little Stories of Catalan Country] (in French). Perpignan: Ultima Necat. ISBN 978-2-36771-006-8. OCLC 893847466.