Argelos, Pyrénées-Atlantiques

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Argelos
Argelos
Argelos
Argelos is located in France
Argelos
Argelos
Coordinates: 43°27′09″N 0°20′47″W / 43.4525°N 0.3464°W / 43.4525; -0.3464Coordinates: 43°27′09″N 0°20′47″W / 43.4525°N 0.3464°W / 43.4525; -0.3464
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Thèze
Intercommunality Luys en Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Marcel Borny
Area
 • Land1 6.01 km2 (2.32 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 264
 • Population2 density 44/km2 (110/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64043 / 64450
Elevation 142–264 m (466–866 ft)
(avg. 158 m or 518 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Argelos (Argelòs in Occitan) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Geography[edit]

The Town Hall
The War Memorial
The bell tower of the Church of Saint-André

Argelos is located some 25 km north of Pau and 3 km west of Auriac. Access to the commune is by the D214 road from the village north to join the D944 road south-east of Thèze. The A65 autoroute passes through the northern tip of the commune but the nearest exit is Exit 9 near Miossens-Lanusse. The commune is mixed farmland and forest.[1]

Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the Luy de France forms the north-eastern border of the commune as it flows north-west fed by its tributaries the Basta and the Balaing.[1]

Places and Hamlets[2][edit]

  • Barbé
  • La Barthe
  • Bordenave
  • Boué
  • Bourdalé
  • Bozano
  • Brouca
  • Carrère
  • Cassou
  • Castagnet
  • Chicoy
  • Dibet
  • Hargouette
  • Hayet
  • Labarrane
  • Lamarque[3]
  • La Lane
  • Larricq
  • Lavignotte[4]
  • Lopou[5]
  • Loubané[6] or Loubâne
  • Morlaas
  • Noble
  • Poulou
  • Sansarricq
  • Tauhuré
  • Then

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Argelos appears in the forms:

  • Argilos (1214,[7] Titles of Argelos)
  • Argelos on the Cassini Map at the end of the 18th century[8]

Its name in béarnais is Argelos.

Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[9] indicated that Argelos probably had a latin origin of argilla (meaning "Clay") with the suffix -ossum. The meaning of the name would then be "clay soil".

Bernès, cited by the Topographic Dictionary Béarn-Basque Country in 1863,[7] was a farm already mentioned in 1385[7] (Census of Béarn[10]).

History[edit]

Paul Raymond[7] noted that in 1385 there were 29 fires in Argelos and it depended on the bailiwick of Pau. Auriac was formerly annexed to the commune.[7]

The barony[7] of Viven included Argelos, Auriac, and Viven and was a vassal of the Viscounty of Béarn .

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[11]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2014 Hélène Peyras
2014 2020 Marcel Borny

(Not all data is known)

Intercommunalité[edit]

Argelos is part of 4 inter-communal structures:[12]

  • the Community of communes of Luys en Béarn;
  • the AEP association of the regions of Luy and Gabas;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ;
  • the scholastic association Argelos - Astis.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 264 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
325 533 414 357 361 392 395 373 309
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
307 309 293 300 301 317 301 283 255
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
268 283 249 214 201 206 201 173 150
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
133 128 136 131 197 217 - 264 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Argelos

Argelos is part of the urban area of Pau.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil Heritage[edit]

The remains of a fortified area[5] from the late Middle Ages, bear witness to the ancient past of the commune.

The commune has several old farms: the Maison Marque,[13] an 18th-century Farm,[6] Maison Lavignotte-Lagrela,[4] and a Farm from 1725[3]

Religious Heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-André[14] partially dates to the 12th century. It contains:

All these items are registered in the inventory of cultural heritage.

Education[edit]

Argelos has a primary scvhool which is shared with Astis as an inter-communal educational grouping.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 5 February 2012 (French)
  3. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026700 1725 Farm (French)
  4. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026701 Maison Lavignotte-Lagrela (French)
  5. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026698 The Fortified area (French)
  6. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026702 18th century Farm (French)
  7. ^ a b c d e f Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of Béarn-Basque Country (French)
  8. ^ Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn, 2006, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (French)
  9. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  12. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 4 February 2012 (French)
  13. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026703 Maison Marque (French)
  14. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026699 Church of Saint-André (French)
  15. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001146 Two Dalmatics (French)
  16. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001145 Monstrance (French)
  17. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001144 Four Altar Chandeliers (French)
  18. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001147 The Furniture in the Church of Saint-André (French)
  19. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001143 Two Benches (French)
  20. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001142 The Confessional (French)
  21. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001141 Joinery and Sculpture (French)
  22. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001140 The Lighting Arms (French)
  23. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001137 The Retable (French)
  24. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001136 The Tabernacle (French)
  25. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001135 The Altar and its seating (French)
  26. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001134 The Main Altar (French)
  27. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001139 The Painting at the Altar (French)
  28. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64001138 The Statues (French)