Argenbühl

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Argenbühl
Coat of arms of Argenbühl
Coat of arms
Argenbühl   is located in Germany
Argenbühl
Argenbühl
Coordinates: 47°41′17″N 09°57′33″E / 47.68806°N 9.95917°E / 47.68806; 9.95917Coordinates: 47°41′17″N 09°57′33″E / 47.68806°N 9.95917°E / 47.68806; 9.95917
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Tübingen
District Ravensburg
Government
 • Mayor Josef Köberle
Area
 • Total 76.37 km2 (29.49 sq mi)
Elevation 681 m (2,234 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 6,032
 • Density 79/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 88260
Dialling codes 07566
Vehicle registration RV
Website www.argenbuehl.de

Argenbühl is a municipality in the district of Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

There is no actual town or urban settlement called Argenbühl; rather, the municipality is an administrative amalgamation of several neighbouring villages with different names. The municipal administrative headquarters are located in the village of Eisenharz, with local branch offices also in the villages of Christazhofen, Eglofs, and Ratzenried.[2]

Geographically, it lies in the Western part of the Prealpine region of the Allgäu, which in turn is part of the larger geographical region of Swabia in southern Germany. Argenbühl borders the municipalities of Kißlegg and Leutkirch im Allgäu to the north, Wangen im Allgäu to the west, Isny im Allgäu to the east, and the Bavarian municipalities of Hergatz, Heimenkirch, Röthenbach (Allgäu) and Gestratz to the south.

The name comes from the Argen river, whose two main constituent streams delimit part of the municipality's borders, and Bühl, which is a Southern German word for "hill,"[3] reflecting the municipality's hilly landscape.

Ratzenried village in Argenbühl, Germany, including the castle of Ratzenried and the tower of the main church.

Geography[edit]

Argenbühl lies at an altitude from 662 to 761 m (2172 to 2497 ft) a.m.s.l., between the cities of Wangen and Isny.

The municipality includes the following settlements (2006 population data):

  • Christazhofen (943 inhabitants, 15.44 km² / 5.96 sq.mi.)
  • Eglofs (1496 inhabitants, 23.40 km² / 9.03 sq.mi.)
  • Eisenharz (1446 inhabitants, 13.38 km² / 5.17 sq.mi.)
  • Göttlishofen (490 inhabitants, 7.22 km² / 2.79 sq.mi.)
  • Ratzenried (1171 inhabitants, 13.77 km² / 5.32 sq.mi.)
  • Siggen (171 inhabitants, 3.17 km² / 1.22 sq.mi.)

History[edit]

The municipality of Argenbühl exists since 1 January 1972, when the previously independent municipalities of Christazhofen, Eglofs, Eisenharz, Göttlishofen, Ratzenried and Siggen were merged into the present one. Their history is told in great detail in the Description of the Wangen Administrative District (Beschreibung des Oberamts Wangen),[4] published in 1841. In 1810, all the above mentioned communities came under the jurisdiction of the Wangen district, which in 1973 became part of the Ravensburg district.

Christazhofen
  • Christazhofen belonged for centuries to the counts of Trauchburg, and later to the earls of Waldburg-Zeil and Trauchburg.
Eglofs
  • Eglofs, occasionally mentioned in the historic records also as Meglofs and Megletz, can boast not having been subject to any lord other than the Kaiser for a long time, as it was a reichsfrei territory, the Lordship of Eglofs. In 1661, Eglofs was ceded to the counts of Abensperg and Traun, and in 1804 it was bought by the earls of Windisch-Grätz. In 1806, Eglofs and its surroundings were granted to the Kingdom of Württemberg.
Eisenharz
  • Eisenharz was bought in 1301 by the stewards of Waldburg and ultimately, like Christazhofen, came to be owned by the lords of Trauchburg.
Göttlishofen
  • Göttlishofen came, like Eglofs, to the domain of the earls of Windisch-Grätz.
Siggen
  • Siggen was also part of the domain of the earls of Windisch-Grätz.
Ratzenried
  • Ratzenried was once a domain of Imperial knights, but the feud became extinct in the 14th century. Afterwards it had several owners and the settlement was divided for a long time, which is attested by the fact that two castles existed in parallel (one of them, southeast of the village, is today in ruins, while the other, in the centre of the village, as of 2014 hosts the administrative headquarters of the Humboldt-Institut language school organisation). Finally, in 1813 Paul Joseph von Beroldingen inherited Ratzenried. In 1806, the village became part of Bavaria, but only four years later it was handed over to Württemberg.


Religion[edit]

In Argenbühl there are six Roman Catholic parishes. The region's few Lutheran followers attend their church in nearby Wangen im Allgäu.


Politics[edit]

Municipal Council[edit]

The election for the Municipal Council (Gemeinderat) on 7 June 2009 had the following results:[5]

  1. CDU 68.6% - 12 seats (-1)
  2. Independent 31.4% - 5 seats (+2)

Sister towns[edit]


Economy and Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The municipality is linked by bus lines to neighbouring cities, such as Leutkirch, Isny and Wangen. The lines are operated by the Lake Constance-Upper Swabia Local Transport Administration (Bodensee-Oberschwaben Verkehrsverbund), popularly known as "bodo". In the past there used to be a stop of the KißleggHergatz railway branch in Ratzenried.

Education[edit]

Eglofs and Ratzenried have each an elementary and a general secondary school (Hauptschule) that also works as a Werkrealschule. In Christazhofen and Eisenharz there are only elementary schools. There are also four kindergartens in the municipality.


Culture and Sights[edit]

Eglofs around 1900


Museums[edit]

The village of Ratzenried has a local history museum, while Eglofs hosts the Allgäu-Swabian Music Archive (Allgäu-Schwäbische Musikarchiv). In 2009, a museum was also opened in Eisenharz, with exhibits about the history of the place and the local dairy industry processed by the Wunderlich and Nestlé companies.[6]

Notable Buildings[edit]


Notable people[edit]

  • Gebhard of Razenried (1583–1652), Jesuit priest, rector of the Eichstätt Jesuit College from 1621–1631 and from 1637 of the Augsburg college.[7]
  • Konstantin Rösch (1869–1944), theologian
  • Anton Kulmus (1900-1989), developer and manufacturer of agricultural vehicles
  • Anton Morent (1924–2006), transportation entrepreneur
  • Helmut Maucher (1927-), former CEO of Nestlé.



References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Luftkurort Argenbühl im Allgäu - Rathaus" [Climate resort of Argenbühl im Allgäu - Municipal Hall] (in German). Retrieved 2014-07-12. Die Hauptverwaltung unserer Gemeinde befindet sich im Rathaus Eisenharz. Dazu gibt es noch Außenstellen in Christazhofen, Eglofs und Ratzenried. ('Our municipality's main administration is located in the Municipal Hall of Eisenharz. There are also external locations in Christazhofen, Eglofs, and Ratzenried.') 
  3. ^ ""Bühl" at Beolingus - TU Chemnitz - German/English Dictionary". Retrieved 2014-07-12. 
  4. ^ Prof. Pauly (1841). Beschreibung des Oberamts Wangen (1 ed.). Stuttgart and Tübingen: J. G. Cotta. Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  5. ^ http://wahlen09.rz-kiru.de/08436094/gr2009bf.html, retrieved on 16 August 2009
  6. ^ http://www.schwaebische.de/lokales/wangen/wangen-gemeinden_artikel,-Sonne-ist-ein-gemuetliches-Plaetzchen-_arid,2626271.html
  7. ^ Franz Sales Romstöck: Zur Statistik des Jesuiten-Collegiums in Eichstätt. Eichstätt, 1902, S. 8; Bernhard Duhr: Geschichte der Jesuiten in den Ländern deutscher Zunge. 2. Bd., 1. Teil, Freiburg i. Br. 1913, S. 228, 239, 610.