General view of Argences
|Intercommunality||Val ès dunes|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Dominique Delivet|
|• Land1||9.76 km2 (3.77 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||360/km2 (930/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||14020 / 14370|
|Elevation||2–74 m (6.6–242.8 ft)
(avg. 44 m or 144 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Argençais or Argençaises
Argences is some 15 km south-east of Caen and 1 km north of Moult. Access to the commune is by the D37 road from Saint-Pair in the north passing through the commune and the town and continuing to Moult in the south. The D41 road goes east from the town to join the D613 to Caen at Vimont. The D80 road also goes north-east from the town to Saint-Pierre-du-Jonquet. Apart from the town there are also the hamlets of Le Fresne to the north, Le Mesnil in the north-east, and Le Croix de Moult south of the town. The commune consists of a large residential area in the town with a large forest in the north-east (the Bois de Saint-Gilles) with small scattered forests but mostly farmland.
The Muane river flows through the town and the commune from south to north.
In 989 Richard I of Normandy donated land to the Abbey of Fécamp for the curates of Mondeville and Argences. From that date, the domain of Mondeville was managed as an ecclesiastical fief by the Barony of Argences. During the ducal era the wines of Argences were highly regarded.
In 1912, the large tile factory at Fresne built a railway line 4 km long connecting Argences to Moult-Argences Station in Moult on the Paris-Cherbourg line. The line from Argences was closed in 1931 and the nearest station is now Moult-Argences (TER Basse-Normandie).
On 16 April 1942 a group of resistance fighters derailed a Maastricht-Cherbourg train two kilometres from Moult-Argences station in Airan commune causing 28 dead and 19 wounded - all German soldiers. On 30 April of that year, in revenge for German retaliation, a new derailment of the same train killed 10 German soldiers and wounded 22 others.
List of Successive Mayors
|1790||1791||Pierre Michel Gouget|
|1791||1792||André Pierre Duval-Destin|
|1794||1795||Nicolas Guillaume Moulin|
|1795||1796||Pierre Robert Caillouie|
|1797||1798||Jean Mathieu Duport|
|1799||1799||Nicolas Guillaume Moulin|
|1806||1808||Pierre Robert Cailloue|
|1826||1828||Jean Baptiste Honore|
|2001||2008||Bernard Dufour||Retired ETF officer|
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 3,517 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
The newspaper L'Echo de la Muance was published in Argences from 1896 to 1897.
Sites and Monuments
- The Chateau of Frenes has been registered as a historical monument since 22 November 1993.
- The Church of Saint-Jean, destroyed by bombing in 1944, only the wall of the apse remains.
- The Moulin de la Porte (Mill of the door) where the wheel is powered by the Muance.
- The Lavoir (Public laundry)in the Rue de la Morte eau.
- The old Tuileries de Beauvais tile factory.
Activities and events
The association of rural families organizes dance classes for children and adults (beginners, modern dance, Fit'n dance).
- Dominique Lemesle (1951-2007): Assistant Football Referee - 1st French Division (1979-1982)
- François Fayt (1946-): composer.
- Yohann Eudeline (1982-), French footballer who played at the local football club until 2000.
- Communes of the Calvados department
- Argences on the Community of Communes website (French)
- Argences on the Initiative association of Val ès dunes website (French)
- Argences on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Calvados (French)
- Google Maps
- Jean Renaud, The Vikings and Normandy, éditions Ouest-France université, 1989. (French)
- The double derailment at Moult-Argences and the hostages of Calvados, Claudine Cardon-Hamet (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Jean Quellien et Christophe Mauboussin, Newspapers from 1786 to 1944, the adventure of the press in Basse-Normandie, Cahiers du Temps, 1998. ISBN 2911855132 (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00111015 Chateau of Fresnes (French)
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