Argentina–Germany relations

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Argentina–Germany relations
Map indicating locations of Argentina and Germany

Argentina

Germany

Argentina–Germany relations are foreign relations between Argentina and Germany. The free city-state of Hamburg was the first German state to establish diplomatic relations with Argentina in 1829. The first ambassador of Germany to Argentina was sent on 7 May 1871.

Relations[edit]

Trade developed between Germany and Argentina as early as the German Unification. Later on, Argentina maintained a strong economic relationship with Germany and supported them with supplies during World War I.

By the beginning of World War II, Argentina had a significant population of ethnic Germans. One area where they were particularly prominent was Misiones Province, Argentina's northeastern panhandle bordering on Paraguay and Brazil. It is estimated that by the early 1940s, there were around 10,000 ethnic Germans in Misiones, out of the province's total population of 190,000.[1] With the rise of Nazism in Germany, Nazi agents started active propaganda work among the ethnic Germans living in Argentina, with Nazi-organized meetings reportedly held as early as 1933. The pro-Nazi-Germany atmosphere in some small, predominantly German communities of the northeast was so intense during WWII, that some Argentinian officials who visited such towns reported that they could hardly feel themselves to still be in Argentina.[2] The Nazis were strongly opposed by the local Polish-Argentinians, as well as by the anti-Nazi German-Jewish minority.[2] Argentina stayed neutral during the whole of World-War II, declaring war on Germany only just before its capitulation. To postwar Germans, Argentina was the most desirable destination for middle- and upper-class emigrants next to Switzerland. Many returned after the fall of Peron. However, Germans traditionally consider themselves to have a Special Relationship to Argentina and Chile, two countries maintaining an unabated state of friendship in good as in bad times.

Under President Juan Peron following World War II, Argentina was incorporated into the ODESSA network, as Nazi officials emigrated to South America to avoid prosecution. Former Nazis who lived in Argentina included Adolf Eichmann, Josef Mengele, Aribert Heim, Eduard Roschmann and "Bubi" Ludolf von Alvensleben.

During the temporary Argentinian Occupation of the Falklands in 1982, Argentina was prepared to remove its troops if they could be replaced by "neutral" ones. Their suggestion was that the USA could represent Britain while Germany would do so for Argentina, however Germany and the rest of the European Union, fully recognise fellow EU state the United Kingdom as the rightfull owners of the islands and refuse to recognise the Argentine claim.

In 2007, Germany was Argentina's fourth-largest import partner at 5%, behind Brazil, the United States, and China.[3]

Over 3,000,000 Argentines are of German descent.

Diplomatic missions[edit]

Argentina has an embassy in Berlin and Consulate-Generals in Frankfurt and Hamburg. Germany has an embassy in Buenos Aires and 11 honorary consulates, in Bariloche, Córdoba, Eldorado, Mar del Plata, Mendoza, Posadas, Salta, Santa Fe, Tucumán and Ushuaia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newton, Ronald. The ‘Nazi Menace’ in Argentina, 1931-1947. Stanford University Press. p. 82. ISBN 0-8047-1929-2. 
  2. ^ a b Newton, pp. 82–83.
  3. ^ "Argentina". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 23 April 2009. Archived from the original on 3 May 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009. 

External links[edit]