Elections in Argentina

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Argentina

This articles gives information on voting, elections and election results in Argentina. For details about government institutions and political parties, see Politics of Argentina.

On the national level, Argentina elects a head of state (the President) and a legislature. Voting is mandatory for citizens between 18 and 70 years of age, with some exceptions. For citizens between 16 and 18 years of age, voting is optional (since 2012).

The President and the Vice-President are elected in one ballot, for a four-year term, by direct popular vote, using a runoff voting system: there must be a second round if no formula gets more than 45% of the affirmative valid votes, or more than 40% of the affirmative valid votes with a difference of 10 percentage points from the second formula, in quantity of affirmative valid votes. Before the 1995 election, the President and Vice-President were both elected by an electoral college.

The National Congress (Congreso Nacional) has two chambers. The Chamber of Deputies of the Nation (Cámara de Diputados de la Nación) has 257 members, elected for a four-year term in each electoral district (23 Provinces and the Autonomous city of Buenos Aires) by proportional representation using the D'Hondt method, with half of the seats renewed every two years in all districts. The Senate of the Nation (Senado de la Nación) has 72 members, elected for a six-year term in three-seat constituencies (23 provinces and the Autonomous city of Buenos Aires) for a six-year term, with two seats awarded to the largest party or coalition and one seat to the second largest party or coalition. One-third of the constituencies are renewed every two years. In 2001 the whole senate was renewed.

Schedule[edit]

Election[edit]

Position 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Type Open Primaries[note 1] (August)
Presidential (October)
National Senate (October)
Chamber of Deputies (October)
Provincial (March-October)
Municipalities (March-October)
Municipalities
(no data)
Open Primaries (August)
National Senate (October)
Chamber of Deputies (October)
Provincial (TBA)
Municipalities (TBA)
Municipalities
(no data)
Open Primaries (August)
Presidential (October)
National Senate (October)
Chamber of Deputies (October)
Provincial (March-October)
Municipalities (March-October)
President and
Vice-president
President and Vice-president None President and Vice-president
National Senate Third[note 2] None Third[note 3] None Third[note 4]
Chamber of Deputies Half[note 5] None Half None Half
Provincial
(Governors and Legislatures)
22 Provinces (G)[note 6]
23 Provinces (L)[note 7]
None 2 Provinces (G)[note 8]
13 Provinces (L)[note 9]
None 22 Provinces (G)[note 10]
23 Provinces (L)[note 11]
Municipalities
(Mayors and Councils)
no data no data no data no data no data

Inauguration[edit]

Position 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Type Presidential (December)
National Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Provincial
Municipalities
Municipalities National Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Provincial
Municipalities
Municipalities Presidential
National Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Provincial
Municipalities
President and
Vice-president
10 December None 10 December
National Senate 10 December None 10 December None 10 December
Chamber of Deputies 10 December None 10 December None 10 December
Provinces (Governors and Legislatures) December None December None December
Municipalities (Mayors and Councils) no data no data no data no data no data

Elections and results[edit]

Latest legislative elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the 28 June 2009 Argentine National Congress election results
Coalitions and parties Chamber of Deputies of the Nation:
127 out of 257 seats
Senate of the Nation:
24 out of 72 seats
Votes % Deputies Votes % Senators
Justicialist Party 2,778,326 14.50% 19
Front for Victory 1,679,084 8.80% 14
Justicialist Front 415,404 2.20% 6 -
Others 1,018,515 5.30% 8 -
Total Kirchnerism (Left-wing peronism) 5,891,330 30.80% 47 8
Civic and Social Agreement 3,794,853 19.80% 28 -
Radical Civic Union 639,818 3.30% 4 -
Front for Everyone 381,067 2.00% 3 -
Others 734,009 3.84% 6
Total Civic and Social Agreement (Radicalism center-left) 5,549.,747 28.94% 41 14
Republican Proposal (Liberal-conservatism and
right-wing factions opposed to Kirchner)
3,391,391 17.70% 20 0
Proyecto Sur 437,634 2.30% 4
New Encounter 402,502 2.10% 2
Others 255,566 1.30% -
Total Left-wing (Socialism) 1,092,702 5.70% 6 0
Others parties 3,208,917 16.77% 13 2
Total 19,134,087   127 24'
Registered voters 27,797,930
Votes cast 20,123,715
Invalid votes 989,628 4.90%
Sources: Adam Carr's Website [1]

Be aware that parties operate under various labels and alliances in the provinces.

Latest presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 23 October 2011 Argentine presidential election results
Candidate Party or coalition Votes %
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner Front for VictoryPJ 11,864,456 54.11%
Hermes Binner Broad Progressive FrontPS 3,684,595 16.80%
Ricardo Alfonsín Union for the Social Development–UCR 2,442,880 11.14%
Alberto Rodríguez Saá Federal Commitment–PJ 1,745,303 7.96%
Eduardo Duhalde Popular Front–PJ 1,285,783 5.86%
Jorge Altamira Workers Left FrontPO 503,342 2.30%
Elisa Carrió Civic CoalitionCC ARI 399,641 1.82%
Blank votes 678,724 3.03%
Null votes 206,030 0.92%
Challenged votes 23,921 0.11%
Turnout 78.89%
Source: elecciones2011.gov.ar

Past elections[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Simultaneous open primaries for all national candidatures, mandatory for every political party
  2. ^ The following eight provinces renew all its three senators: Buenos Aires Province, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Misiones, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz
  3. ^ The following eight provinces renew all its three senators:Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Chaco, Entre Ríos, Neuquén, Río Negro, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Tierra del Fuego
  4. ^ The following eight provinces renew all its three senators: Catamarca, Chubut, Córdoba, Corrientes, La Pampa, Mendoza, Santa Fe and Tucumán
  5. ^ All 23 provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires renew half its deputies
  6. ^ All Provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires except for Corrientes and Santiago del Estero
  7. ^ All Provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires except for Santiago del Estero
  8. ^ Corrientes and Santiago del Estero
  9. ^ Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires Province, Catamarca, Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Salta, San Luis and Santiago del Estero
  10. ^ All Provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires except for Corrientes and Santiago del Estero
  11. ^ All Provinces and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires except for Santiago del Estero

External links[edit]