Argentine peso moneda nacional

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Argentine peso moneda nacional
peso moneda nacional argentino  (Spanish)
ISO 4217 code ARM
Central bank Banco Central de la República Argentina
 Website www.bcra.gov.ar
User(s) Argentina
Superunit
 5 argentino
Subunit
 1/100 centavo
Symbol m$n or $m/n
centavo ¢
Coins 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 centavos, 1, 5, 10, 25 pesos
Banknotes 50 centavos, 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10 000 pesos
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.

The peso moneda nacional was the currency of Argentina from November 5, 1881 to January 1, 1970, the date in which the new Argentine peso was issued to the Argentine public. It was subdivided into 100 centavos, with the argentino worth 5 pesos. Its symbol was m$n or $m/n. Its ISO 4217 code was ARM.

History[edit]

The peso moneda nacional replaced the Argentine real at a rate of one to eight. It also replaced the peso fuerte at par and the peso moneda corriente at a rate of 25 pesos monedas corrientes = 1 peso moneda nacional. The peso moneda nacional was itself replaced by the peso ley at a rate of one hundred to one.

The peso was initially pegged to the French franc at a rate of 1 peso = 5 francs. In 1883, when silver coins ceased production, the paper peso was set at a value of 2.2 francs or 638.7 mg gold. After a suspension in the gold standard from 1914, in 1927, a peg to the U.S. dollar was established of 2.36 pesos = 1 dollar. The rate changed to 1.71 pesos = 1 dollar in 1931, then to 3 pesos = 1 dollar in 1933. Between 1934 and 1939, the peso was pegged to the British pound at a rate of 15 pesos = 1 pound. High inflation in the post-war period lead to the introduction of the peso ley in 1970 at the rate of 100 pesos monedas nacionales = 1 peso ley.

Coins[edit]

In 1881, silver 10, 20 and 50 centavos and 1 peso and gold 1 argentino coins were introduced, followed by bronze 1 and 2 centavos the next year. Silver coins ceased production in 1883, with gold coins ending in 1896. Base metal 5, 10 and 20 centavos were introduced in 1896, with base 50 centavos following in 1941. The 1 peso was reintroduced in 1957, with 5, 10 and 25 pesos introduced in 1961, 1962 and 1964.

Centavo[edit]

Value Obverse Emission Withdrawn Composition Diameter
1 Liberty 1882 - 1896 21 April 1959 Bronze 25 mm
1 Coat of arms 1939 - 1944 21 April 1959 Bronze 16 mm
1 Coat of arms 1945 - 1948 21 April 1959 Copper 16 mm
2 Liberty 1882 - 1896 21 April 1959 Bronze 30 mm
2 Coat of arms 1939 - 1947 21 April 1959 Bronze 20 mm
2 Coat of arms 1947 - 1950 21 April 1959 Copper 20 mm
5 Liberty 1896 - 1942 31 January 1965 Copper-Nickel 17 mm
5 Liberty 1942 - 1950 31 January 1965 Aluminium-Bronze 17 mm
5 José de San Martín 1950 - 1953 31 January 1965 Copper-Nickel 17 mm
5 José de San Martín 1953 - 1956 31 January 1965 Copper-Nickel clad steel 17 mm
5 Liberty 1957 - 1959 31 January 1965 Copper-Nickel clad steel 17 mm
10 Liberty 1881 - 1883 .900 Silver 18 mm
10 Liberty 1896 - 1942 21 January 1966 Copper-Nickel 19 mm
10 Liberty 1942 - 1950 21 January 1966 Aluminium-Bronze 19 mm
10 José de San Martín 1950 - 1952 21 January 1966 Copper-Nickel 19 mm
10 José de San Martín 1952 - 1956 21 January 1966 Nickel clad steel 19 mm
10 Liberty 1957 - 1959 21 January 1966 Nickel clad steel 19 mm
20 Liberty 1881 - 1883 .900 Silver 22 mm
20 Liberty 1896 - 1942 31 January 1967 Copper-Nickel 21 mm
20 Liberty 1942 - 1950 31 January 1967 Aluminium-Bronze 21 mm
20 José de San Martín 1950 - 1952 31 January 1967 Copper-Nickel 21 mm
20 José de San Martín 1952 - 1956 31 January 1967 Nickel clad steel 21 mm
20 Liberty 1957 - 1961 31 January 1967 Nickel clad steel 21 mm
50 Liberty 1881 - 1883 .900 Silver 29 mm
50 Liberty 1941 31 January 1969 Nickel 24 mm
50 José de San Martín 1952 - 1956 31 January 1969 Nickel clad steel 23 mm
50 Liberty 1957 - 1961 31 January 1969 Nickel clad steel 23 mm

Peso[edit]

Value Obverse Emission Withdrawn Composition Diameter
1 Liberty 1881 - 1883 .900 Silver 39 mm
1 Liberty 1957 - 1962 1 October 1974 Nickel clad steel 25 mm
1 Buenos Aires Cabildo 1960 1 October 1974 Nickel clad steel 25 mm
5 Liberty 1881 - 1896 .900 Gold 23 mm
5 President Sarmiento frigate 1961 - 1968 12 April 1976 Nickel clad steel 21 mm
10 Gaucho riding horse 1962 - 1968 12 July 1976 Nickel clad steel 21 mm
10 House of Tucumán 1966 12 July 1976 Nickel clad steel 21 mm
25 First national coin 1964 - 1968 12 July 1976 Nickel clad steel 26 mm
25 Domingo Faustino Sarmiento 1968 12 July 1976 Nickel clad steel 26 mm

Banknotes[edit]

10 Centavos 1884
20 Centavos 1884
5 Centavos 1891
10 Centavos 1895

The first nationally issued banknotes were introduced by the Banco Nacional in 1884. These were in denominations of 5, 10, 20 and 50 centavos. In 1891 and 1892, the same denominations were produced by the Banco de la Nación Argentina. In 1894, the Banco de la Nación Argentina introduced larger denomination notes for 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 pesos.

Paper money production was taken over by the Caja de Conversion in 1899. That year, 50 centavos, 1 and 100 pesos were introduced, followed in 1900 by notes for 5, 10, 50, 500 and 1000 pesos. These notes were issued until 1935, when the Banco Central began to produce notes.

Issues 1899-1935[edit]

Law 3505, of 20 September, 1897, authorized the Caja de Conversión to renovate all paper money in existence at the time. They decided to make new design called "Progress's Effigy" ("Efigie del Progreso").

These bank notes were created originally in a bigger size and printed by the mint (Casa de Moneda), using French-made paper. Due to their size, and the paper not being of good enough quality, they began to deteriorate. They then decided to suspend the printing and look for another provider. The new notes, of smaller size, started to be issued in 1903, using typography as the printing method.

Value Issue dates Image
50 centavos 1899-1900,1918-1926 50 Centavos Moneda Nacional A-B 1903.jpg
1 Peso 1900-1903,1906-1935 1 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1903.jpg
5 Pesos 1900-1935 5 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1903.jpg
10 Pesos 1900-1935 10 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1903.jpg
50 Pesos 1900-1935 50 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1903.jpg
100 Pesos 1899-1932 100 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1903.jpg
500 Pesos 1900-1901,1905,1909-1930,1935 500 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1903.jpg
1000 Pesos 1901,1905,1906,1908,1910-1934 1000 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1903.jpg

The Banco Central issued the following banknotes:

Value Portrait Back Emission start date Withdrawn Image
50 centavos Republic face National Constitution 1942 31 December 1960 50 Centavos Moneda Nacional A-B 1950.jpg
1 Justice House of Tucumán 1935 31 December 1960 1 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1950.jpg
5 José de San Martín May Revolution 1935 31 January 1965 5 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1950.jpg
10 José de San Martín Oath of Independence 17 March 1936 31 January 1965 10 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1950.jpg
50 José de San Martín Passage of the Andes 10 September 1936 30 March 1968 50 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1950.jpg
50 José de San Martín Passage of the Andes 2 January 1943 30 September 1968 50 peso Moneda Nacional 1964 A.jpg 50 peso Moneda Nacional 1964 B.jpg
100 José de San Martín Buenos Aires foundation 14 August 1936 30 March 1968 100 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1950.jpg
100 José de San Martín Buenos Aires foundation 23 December 1943 30 September 1968 100 peso Moneda Nacional 1964 A.jpg 100 peso Moneda Nacional 1964 B.jpg
500 José de San Martín Argentine Central Bank 21 December 1944 30 March 1968 500 peso Moneda Nacional 1964 A young.jpg 500 peso Moneda Nacional 1964 B young.jpg
500 José de San Martín San Martín's house at Grand Bourg 25 November 1964 30 September 1968 500 Peso Moneda Nacional A-B 1950.jpg
1,000 José de San Martín President Sarmiento Frigate 21 December 1944 1 July 1975 1000 peso Moneda Nacional 1964 A.jpg 1000 peso Moneda Nacional 1964 B.jpg
5,000 José de San Martín National Congress 4 October 1962 1 July 1975 5000 peso Moneda Nacional 1964 A.jpg 5000 peso Moneda Nacional 1964 B.jpg
10,000 José de San Martín San Martín and O'Higgins meeting 18 December 1961 1 July 1975

References[edit]

External links[edit]