Arget

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Arget
An old farmhouse in Arget
An old farmhouse in Arget
Arget is located in France
Arget
Arget
Coordinates: 43°32′38″N 0°31′38″W / 43.5439°N 0.5272°W / 43.5439; -0.5272Coordinates: 43°32′38″N 0°31′38″W / 43.5439°N 0.5272°W / 43.5439; -0.5272
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Arzacq-Arraziguet
Intercommunality Canton d'Arzacq
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Thierry Soustra
Area1 4.00 km2 (1.54 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 93
 • Density 23/km2 (60/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64044 / 64410
Elevation 75–182 m (246–597 ft)
(avg. 131 m or 430 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arget is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Argétois or Argétoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Arget is located some 18 km north-east of Orthez and 12 km south-east of Hagetmau on the border between Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Landes departments. It can be accessed by the D264 road from Montagut in the east passing through the commune and the village (of 2 buildings) and continuing south-west to Casteide-Candau. The commune has quite large areas of forest in the west but is mostly farmland.[2]

Several streams rise in the commune with the Hourquet forming the north-western border as it flows north-east to join the Ruisseau de la Rance at the northern tip of the commune. The Rance forms the north-eastern border as it flows north-west. The south-eastern border also consists of an unnamed stream which joins the Rance just outside the eastern tip of the commune.[2]

Places and Hamlets[3][edit]

  • Bayoc
  • Boué[4]
  • Capère
  • Carrèrot[5]
  • Castagnet
  • Conte
  • Cousnat
  • Glaude
  • Herris
  • Hibet[6]
  • Hourcq[7]
  • Ménou
  • Montaut
  • Pourtique[8]
  • Régidou
  • Séris
  • Touroun[9]
  • Vignau

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Arget.

Michel Grosclaude was unable to justify the local belief that the name means "sandy place" from arena (meaning "sand") with the collective suffix -etum (giving arenetum then arenet then areet then ariet), and could not conclude other than "of uncertain origin and meaning".[10]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Arget Argiet 1383 Raymond
10
Luntz Village
Arzet 1695 Raymond
10
Order of Malta
Arget 1750 Cassini

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 10 of his 1863 dictionary that Arget depended on the Commandery of Malta of Caubin and Morlaàs and on the Barony of Moustrou, built in 1647, and was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn.[11]

Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[14]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2001 Chantal Gallenmuller
2001 2020 Thierry Soustra

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 93 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
213 201 315 223 270 248 294 303 302
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
282 227 206 190 195 200 205 193 172
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
167 161 170 159 151 139 130 119 107
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
110 99 100 97 79 83 89 93 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arget

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Arget War Memorial

Civil heritage[edit]

Arget has many farms that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Farmhouse at Hourcq (1832)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svgLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • The Menusé farm at Pourtique (1897)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • The Lajournade farm at Pourtique (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • The Pemeste farm at Hourcq (1797)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • Houses and FarmsLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • A Farmhouse at Boué (1905)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • A Farmhouse at Hibet (1871)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Farmhouse at Carrèrot (1898)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Farmhouse at Touroun (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Notre Dame
Main Altar

The Parish Church of Notre Dame (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[18] It contains several items that are registered as historical objects:

  • The Furniture in the ChurchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19] [20]
  • A Bronze Processional Cross (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
  • A Wooden Processional Cross (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000066 Farmhouse at Boué (French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000063 Farmhouse at Carrèrot (French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000064 Farmhouse at Hibet (French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000061 Farmhouse at Hourcq (French)
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000059 Menusé farm at Pourtique (French)
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000060 Farmhouse at Touroun (French)
  10. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  11. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  12. ^ Contracts retained by Luntz, Notary of Béarn in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ Titles of the Order of Malta in the Departmental Archives of Haute-Garonne (French)
  14. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000065 Lajournade farm at Pourtique (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000062 Pemeste farm at Hourcq (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000135 Houses and Farms (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000001 Parish Church of Notre Dame (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002827 Furniture in the Church (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002780 Supplementary list of Furniture in the Church (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002651 Bronze Processional Cross (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002650 Wooden Processional Cross (French)