Arghakhanchi District

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Arghākhānchī Jillā
अर्घाखाँची जिल्ला
Location of Arghakhanchi in Lumbini
Location of Arghakhanchi in Lumbini
Country    Nepal
Region Western (Pashchimanchal)
Zone Lumbini
Headquarters Sandhikharka
 • Total 1,193 km2 (461 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 197,632
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Main language(s) Nepali

Arghakhanchi (Nepali: अर्घाखाँची जिल्लाAbout this sound Listen )is one of the districts of Lumbini Zone in Nepal. The district headquarters is at Sandhikharka. The district covers an area of 1193 km². Its neighbouring districts are, Palpa in the east, Gulmi in the North, Kapilbastu in the south and Pyuthan in the west. The famous places are Supa Deurali (Supa Deurali Temple), Argha (MahaKali Temple) and Chhatraganj temple, Narsing Thana at Hanshapur Bamruk etc.


The district consists of two pre-unification principalities Argha and Khanchi. Argha (Nepali:अर्घ) was the name given to ritual offerings made at the former principality's main Bhagwati temple. Khanchi may come from the word Khajanchi (Nepali:खजाञ्चि) or tax collector since the center of the latter principality was known for its tax office. Both were two of the Chaubisi rajya (24 principalities) centered in the Gandaki Basin. In 1786 A.D. (1843 BS) during the unification of Nepal the two were annexed by Gorkha. Later the merger was renamed “Arghakhanchi” and added to Gulmi District. Arghakhanchi became a separate district in 1961 A.D. (2018 BS).[1]


In 2001, the population was 208,391.[2] In 1991, the population was 180,884.[2] According to the 2011 census the total population was 197,632. Of these 86,266 were male and 111,366 are female. Total no of household 46,835 and average household size 4.22 on the basis of usual place of residence. Sex ratio ( No of male per 100 female population) is 77.5 and population density 166.

Geography and Climate[edit]

Arghakhanchi lies between 27'45"N and 28'6"N latitude, and 80'45"E to 83'23"E longitude. It covers 1,193 km². The altitude of the district varies from 305 to 2515 meter above the sea level. 68% of the district is in the mountainous Mahabharat Range and the rest is in the Siwalik Hills. Elevations range from 305–2575 m above sea level and about 40% of the total area is forested.[1] The major rivers of the district are Bangi khola, Bangsari Khola, Mathurabesi Khola, Banganga Khola, Durga khola, Sita khola, Khakabesi Khola, Rangsing Khola, Ratne Khola, Jhimruk Khola, Khankbesi Khola etc.. The major lakes of the district are Thada lake and Sengleng lake.

Climate Zone[3] Elevation Range  % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000ft)  0.2%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.

Towns and Villages[edit]

The major town in the district is Sandhikharka which is the headquarters of Arghakhanchi district in the Lumbini Zone of Nepal. It is located almost 300 km southwest of Nepal's capital of Kathmandu. Due to a high literacy rate, Sandhikharka once attracted people from outside Arghakhanchi district to Sandhikharka for its good schools. There are a large number of small villages in the district. Asurkot, Balkot, Bangi, Dharmpani, Dhikura, Dibharna, Khanchikot, Keemadada, Kura, Phudbang, Bangla, Adguri are among the closest villages from the headquarters of the district; they are said to have good facilities in terms of roads, electric power, education etc. Villages in the west and south part of the district have relatively little development as compared to the villages of the north and east side. Sano Gaun is the most popular place for visit.


  1. ^ a b "Districts". 28 June 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Nepal Districts". Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  3. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system, . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7803-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013 
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Coordinates: 28°0′3″N 83°14′48″E / 28.00083°N 83.24667°E / 28.00083; 83.24667