Argilly is located some 8 km south-east of Nuits-Saint-Georges and 12 km north-east of Beaune. Access to the commune is by the D35 road from Gerland to the north passing through the commune north of the village and continuing to Bagnot in the east. Access to the village is by the D20 which branches off the D35 in the commune and passes south-west through the village and continues to Beaune. The A36 autoroute passes through the south of the commune but there is no exit in or near the commune. The commune is heavily forested in the north-east, east, and south with more forest in the north-west. The rest of the commune is farmland.
There is the Etang de Longbroche reservoir south-east of the village with streams flowing into it and the Meuzin stream flows south west of the village.
In 2009 the commune had 454 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
A fortified farmhouse from the 16th century with remains of the old castle: turret, hexagonal spiral staircase, bay windows with curly brackets, huge fireplaces, French ceilings.
Feudal mound and turrets from the fortified Chateau of Antilly.
Parish Church of the Assumption from the 13th century  (Listed as a Historic Monument), rebuilt in the 18th century: the choir and transept are from the 13th century; the belfry the nave, and the monumental façade are from the 18th century. The church contains the following objects registered as historical monuments:
Jean II Quarré, in 1416 received the fief of La Mothe d'Argilly from John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy, who allowed him to take all the wood necessary for the construction of his house in La Mothe.
Pierre Ranvial was Chatelain of the Chateau of Argilly in the year 1454. In the same year he was knighted.
^At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.