Argo

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This article is about the ship from the Greek myth. For other uses, see Argo (disambiguation).
The Argo (ca. 1500–1530), painting by Lorenzo Costa
Coin of Iolcos, 4th century BC, depicting Argo. Obverse: Head of Artemis Iolkia. Reverse: Prow of Argo, ΙΩΛΚΙΩΝ (of Iolcians).

In Greek mythology, Argo (/ˈɑrɡ/; in Greek: Ἀργώ, meaning 'swift') was the ship on which Jason and the Argonauts sailed from Iolcos to retrieve the Golden Fleece. She was named after her builder, Argus.

Legend[edit]

Argo was constructed by the shipwright Argus, and its crew were specially protected by the goddess Hera. The best source for the myth is the Argonautica by Apollonius Rhodius. According to a variety of sources of the legend, Argo was said to have been planned or constructed with the help of Athena. According to other legends she contained in her prow a magical piece of timber from the sacred forest of Dodona, which could speak and render prophecies. After the successful journey, Argo was consecrated to Poseidon in the Isthmus of Corinth. She was then translated into the sky and turned into the constellation of Argo Navis.[1]

Several authors of antiquity (Apollonius Rhodius, Pliny,[2] Philostephanus) discussed the hypothetical shape of the ship. Generally she was imagined like a Greek warship, a galley, and authors hypothesized that she was the first ship of this type that had gone out on a high-sea voyage.[1]

Replica[edit]

Tim Severin commissioned the recreation of a Bronze Age galley, and in 1984 retraced the voyage of Jason.

A replica of a Greek penteconter was completed in 2008, which was named Argo. This vessel, with a 50-oar crew made up from all 27 European Union member countries, sailed from Jason's hometown of Volos to Venice, stopping at 23 cities en route.[3]

In the fictious book on Greek mythology, The Mark of Athena by Rick Riordan, the Argo II is built for the seven demigods to sail to Greece.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChambers, Ephraim, ed. (1728). "article name needed". Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (first ed.). James and John Knapton, et al.  [1]
  2. ^ Hist. Nat. 1.c.56
  3. ^ "Ancient Greek ship 'Argo' sets sail once again". Monsters and Critics. July 4, 2008. 

External links[edit]