Argosy (magazine)

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"The Golden Argosy" and "Golden Argosy" redirect here. For the fictional aircraft route in the 1968 novel Airport, see Airport (novel).
Argosy
Categories Pulp magazine
Founder Frank Munsey
First issue  1882 (1882-month)
Final issue November 1978 (original run)
2006
Company Frank A. Munsey Company (1882–1942)
Popular Publications (1942–present)
Country United States
Based in New York City
Language English

Argosy, later titled The Argosy and Argosy All-Story Weekly, was an American pulp magazine from 1882 through 1978, published by Frank Munsey. It is the first American pulp magazine.[1] The magazine began as a children's weekly story–paper entitled The Golden Argosy.

Launch of The Golden Argosy[edit]

The Argosy, April 1906

In late September 1882, Frank Munsey had moved to New York City to start Argosy, having arranged a partnership with a friend already in New York and working in the publishing industry, and with a stockbroker from Augusta, Maine, Munsey's previous home. Munsey put most of his money, around $500, into purchasing stories for the magazine.

Once he was in New York, the stockbroker backed out, and Munsey decided to release his New York friend from involvement, since they were now hopelessly underfunded. Munsey then pitched the magazine to a New York publisher, and managed to convince him to publish the magazine and hire Munsey as editor.[2]

The first issue was published on December 2, 1882 (dated December 9, 1882,[3] a common practice at the time), and came out weekly. The first issue was eight pages, cost five cents,[4] and included the first installments of serialized stories by Horatio Alger, Jr.,[5] and Edward S. Ellis.[4]

Other authors associated with Argosy 's early days include Annie Ashmoore, W. H. W. Campbell, Harry Castlemon, Frank H. Converse, George H. Coomer, Mary A. Denison, Malcolm Douglas[disambiguation needed], Colonel A.B. Ellis, J. L. Harbour, D. O. S. Lowell, Oliver Optic, Richard H. Titherington, Edgar L. Warren and Matthew White, Jr. White would become the Argosy 's editor from 1886 to 1928.[6]

Five months after the first issue, the publisher went bankrupt and entered receivership.[7] By placing a claim for his unpaid salary, Munsey managed to assume control of the magazine. It was a very unlikely financial proposition; subscriptions had been sold that had to be fulfilled, but Munsey had almost no money and credit from printers and other suppliers was impossible to come by. Munsey borrowed $300 from a friend in Maine, and managed to scrape along as he learned the fundamentals of the publishing industry.

Munsey found that targeting children had been a mistake, as they did not stay subscribed for any length of time, since they grew out of reading the magazine. Additionally, children did not have much money to spend, which limited the number of advertisers interested in reaching them.

Shift towards pulp fiction[edit]

In December 1888 the title was changed to The Argosy. Publication switched from weekly to monthly in April 1894, at which time the magazine began its shift towards pulp fiction. It eventually published its first all-fiction issue in 1896.[4] The all-fiction Argosy launched a new genre of magazines, and is considered the pioneer among pulp magazines.[8]

The magazine switched back to a weekly publication schedule in October 1917. In January 1919, The Argosy merged with Railroad Man's Magazine,[7] and was briefly known as Argosy and Railroad Man's Magazine.

Prior to World War One, The Argosy had several notable writers, including Upton Sinclair, Zane Grey, Albert Payson Terhune, Gertrude Barrows Bennett (under the pseudonym Francis Stevens), and former dime novelist William Wallace Cook.[9]

The All-Story[edit]

The All-Story (June 1912), containing part five of six of Edgar Rice Burroughs' "Under the Moons of Mars"

The All-Story magazine was another Munsey pulp. Debuting in January 1905, it was published monthly for 11 years. A subsequent change to a weekly schedule led to a name change to All-Story Weekly. Eventually it merged with The Cavalier, after which it was known as All-Story Cavalier Weekly for a time, before the name was changed back. Editors of All-Story included Newell Metcalf and Robert H. Davis.[10]

The All-Story is the magazine that first published Edgar Rice Burroughs, beginning with "Under the Moons of Mars", a short story later expanded into a serialized series eventually collected as the novel A Princess of Mars, and later The Gods of Mars.[10] Other All-Story writers included mystery novelists Rex Stout and Mary Roberts Rinehart,[9] Western writers Max Brand and Raymond S. Spears, and horror and fantasy writers Tod Robbins, Abraham Merritt, Perley Poore Sheehan and Charles B. Stilson.[9]

In 2006, an example of the October 1912 issue of All-Story Magazine, featuring the first appearance of the character Tarzan in any medium, sold for $59,750 in an auction held by Heritage Auctions of Dallas.[11]

Argosy All-Story Weekly[edit]

Argosy All-Story Weekly cover for the story "The Metal Monster" by A. Merritt (August 7, 1920)

In 1920, All-Story Weekly was merged into The Argosy, resulting in a new title, Argosy All-Story Weekly, which published works in a number of literary genres, including science fiction and Westerns. Edgar Rice Burroughs published some of his Tarzan and John Carter of Mars stories in the magazine; other science fiction writers included Ralph Milne Farley, Ray Cummings, Otis Adelbert Kline and A. Merritt.[6]

In 1922 Argosy missed a chance to launch the career of E. E. Smith. Bob Davis, then editor of Argosy, rejected the manuscript of The Skylark of Space, writing to Smith that he liked the novel personally, but that it was "too far out" for his readers.[12] This "encouraging rejection letter" did encourage Smith to try further, finally getting his novel published in Amazing Stories.

Argosy published a number of adventure stories by Johnston McCulley (including the Zorro stories), C. S. Forester (adventures at sea), Theodore Roscoe (French Foreign Legion stories), L. Patrick Greene, (who specialized in narratives about Africa),[9] and George F. Worts' tales about Peter the Brazen, an American radio operator who has adventures in China.[13] H. Bedford-Jones wrote a series of historical swashbuckler stories for Argosy about an Irish soldier, Denis Burke.[14] Borden Chase appeared in Argosy with crime fiction.[15] Two humorous mystery-adventure serials by Lester Dent appeared in Argosy's pages.[16] More serious mystery stories were represented by Cornell Woolrich, Norbert Davis, and Fred MacIsaac.[9]

Max Brand, Clarence E. Mulford, Walt Coburn, Charles Alden Seltzer[17] and Tom Curry[18] wrote Western fiction for the magazine. Other authors who appeared in the original run included Ellis Parker Butler, Hugh Pendexter, Robert E. Howard, Gordon MacCreagh[19] and Harry Stephen Keeler. Brand's famous character Dr. Kildare first appeared in 1938.[20]

Argosy's covers were drawn by several noted magazine illustrators, including Edgar Franklin Wittmack, Modest Stein and Robert A. Graef.[9]

In November 1941 the magazine switched to biweekly publication, then monthly publication in July 1942. The most significant change occurred in September 1943 when the magazine not only changed from pulp to slick paper but began to shift away from its all-fiction content. Over the next few years the fiction content grew smaller (though still with the occasional short-story writer of stature, such as P. G. Wodehouse), and the "men's magazine" material expanded. Towards the end, it became associated with the men's adventure pulp genre of "true" stories of conflict with wild animals or wartime combat, Erle Stanley Gardner's articles on "The Court of Last Resort", and later it was considered a softcore men's magazine. The final issue of the original magazine was published in November 1978.

Revivals[edit]

The magazine was revived briefly from 1990 to 1994. There were only five issues published sporadically during that time. A quarterly published slick revival began in 2004. It briefly went on hiatus before resuming publication in 2005 as Argosy Quarterly, edited by James A. Owen. The focus of that version was on new, original fiction. It was only published into 2006. Starting December 2013, Argosy has been revived again as a digital-only publication, with the emphasis on pulp fiction by modern writers.[21]

UK Argosy[edit]

The British Argosy magazine (also known as “The Argosy”) was founded by Alexander Strahan in 1865,[22] and later owned and edited by Ellen Wood. It ran until 1901.

A later British Argosy was a short story magazine in paperback size focusing on reprints, published from 1926 to 1974,[23] with stories and serials by leading authors, plus page-fillers of ostensibly amusing quotations, excerpts and cartoons. Joan Aiken worked as Features Editor on the magazine from 1955 to 1960.[24] Lord Dunsany, Ray Bradbury[6] H. E. Bates, C. S. Forester, Pamela Hansford Johnson and Gerald Bullett were among the writers whose material appeared in the UK Argosy. [25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.pulpmags.org/history_page.html
  2. ^ The Story of the Argosy (Reprinted from the October 2, 1932 issue) at the Wayback Machine (archived January 5, 2005)
  3. ^ Ashley, Michael (2000). The History of the Science Fiction Magazine, Volume 1, p. 21. Liverpool University Press.
  4. ^ a b c Sampson, Robert (1991). Yesterday's Faces, Volume 5: Dangerous Horizons, pp. 10-11. Bowling Green State University Popular Press.
  5. ^ Schneirov, Matthew (1994). The Dream of a New Social Order: Popular Magazines in America, 1893–1914, p. 117. Columbia University Press. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  6. ^ a b c Eggeling, John. "Argosy, The" in The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, edited by John Clute and Peter Nicholls. London, Orbit,1994. ISBN 1-85723-124-4 (p.50).
  7. ^ a b Locke, John. "Lost at Sea: The Story of 'The Ocean'". In Locke, John, ed. (2008). The Ocean: 100th Anniversary Collection, pp. 5-7. Off-Trail Publications.
  8. ^ Sumner, David E. (2010). The Magazine Century: American Magazines Since 1900, p. 23. Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Ed Hulse. "The Big Four (Plus One)" in The Blood 'n' Thunder Guide to Collecting Pulps. Morris Plains, NJ: Murania Press. pp. 19–29. ISBN 0-9795955-0-9. 
  10. ^ a b Porges, Irwin (1975). Edgar Rice Burroughs. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press. pp. 143, 213–14. ISBN 0-8425-0079-0. 
  11. ^ "Rare Pulp Brings Record Price at Heritage! Price of $59,750 Triples Previous Auction Record for any Pulp Magazine". Heritage Auctions. September 2006. The old record was set at Sotheby's in 1998," said Ed Jaster, Vice-President for Heritage, "when a different copy of this same pulp sold for the then-impressive price of $17,000. The $59,750 that this beautiful copy achieved sets a new high watermark for the world of pulp collectors. 
  12. ^ Sanders p. 9, Moskowitz p. 15.
  13. ^ Nick Carr, Ron Hanna and Ver Curtiss (2008). The Pulp Hero: Deluxe Edition. Wild Cat Books. pp. 160, 234–5. 
  14. ^ "The Pulp Swordsmen: Denis Burke" at REHupa Website
  15. ^ Lee Server (2002). Encyclopedia of Pulp Fiction Writers. New York: Infobase Publishing. pp. 58–59. ISBN 0-8160-4577-1. 
  16. ^ Lee Server (2002). Encyclopedia of Pulp Fiction Writers. New York: Infobase Publishing. pp. 80–84. ISBN 0-8160-4577-1. 
  17. ^ The Men who Make The Argosy: Charles Alden Seltzer at the Wayback Machine (archived January 10, 2005)
  18. ^ The Men Who Make The Argosy : Tom Curry at the Wayback Machine (archived January 1, 2005)
  19. ^ The Men Who Make The Argosy : Gordon MacCreagh at the Wayback Machine (archived January 10, 2005)
  20. ^ Nolan, William F., Max Brand, western giant: the life and times of Frederick Schiller Faust, Popular Press, 1985 ISBN 978-0-87972-291-3 (p. 137)
  21. ^ "Argosy Magazine Website". Welcome. Retrieved February 26, 2014. 
  22. ^ "The Ellen Wood Website". A Biographical Sketch. Retrieved December 22, 2008. 
  23. ^ Phil Stephensen-Payne. "Galactic Central". Magazine Lists. Retrieved August 24, 2010. 
  24. ^ Drew, Bernard Alger (1997). The 100 Most Popular Young Adult Authors: Biographical Sketches and Bibliographies. Libraries Unlimited. p. 1. ISBN 1-56308-615-8. 
  25. ^ Vannatta, Dennis P. (1985). The English short story, 1945-1980: a critical history. Twayne Publishers. p. 73. ISBN 0-8057-9358-5. 

External links[edit]