Argyranthemum

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Argyranthemum
Argyranthemum frutescens (aka).jpg
Argyranthemum frutescens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Genus: Argyranthemum
Webb ex Sch.Bip.
Type species
Argyranthemum jacobaeifolium
Webb
Synonyms[1]
  • Scyphopappus B.Nord.
  • Chrysanthemum sect. Argyranthemum (Webb. ex Sch.Bip.) Benth. & Hook.f.
  • Chrysanthemum sect. Magarsa DC.
  • Chrysanthemum subg. Argyranthemum Harling
  • Monoptera Sch.Bip.
  • Preauxia Sch.Bip.
  • Stigmatotheca Sch.Bip.

Argyranthemum (marguerite, marguerite daisy, dill daisy) is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Asteraceae. Members of this genus are sometimes also placed in the genus Chrysanthemum.[2][3]

The genus is endemic to Macaronesia, occurring only on the Canary Islands, the Savage Islands, and Madeira.[4]

Argyranthemum frutescens is recorded as a food plant of the leaf-mining larva of the moth Bucculatrix chrysanthemella.

Cultivation[edit]

Varieties and cultivars of Argyranthemum (sometimes listed under A. frutescens) are widely sold as garden plants, for summer bedding or containers. They produce prolific single- or double-flowered daisy-like flowers in shades of white, pink, yellow and purple throughout summer. They are generally half-hardy, and can be grown from seed or cuttings, or purchased as young plants to be planted out after all danger of frost has passed.[5] The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-

  • 'Cornish Gold'[6]
  • 'Donington Hero'[7]
  • 'Chelsea Girl'[8]
  • 'Jamaica Primrose'[9]      
  • 'Levada Cream'[10]
  • A. maderense[11]      
  • 'Mary Cheek'[12]
  • 'Petite Pink'[13]

Species[edit]

accepted species[1]
  1. Argyranthemum adauctum (Link) Humphries
  2. Argyranthemum broussonetii (Pers.) Humphries
  3. Argyranthemum callichrysum (Svent.) Humphries
  4. Argyranthemum coronopifolium (Willd.) Humphries
  5. Argyranthemum dissectum (Lowe) Lowe
  6. Argyranthemum escarrei (Svent.) Humphries
  7. Argyranthemum filifolium (Sch.Bip.) Humphries
  8. Argyranthemum foeniculaceum (Willd.) Webb ex Sch.Bip.
  9. Argyranthemum foeniculum (Willd.) Sch.Bip.
  10. Argyranthemum frutescens (L.) Sch.Bip.
  11. Argyranthemum gracile Webb ex Sch.Bip.
  12. Argyranthemum haematomma (Lowe) Lowe
  13. Argyranthemum haouarytheum Humphries & Bramwell
  14. Argyranthemum hierrense Humphries
  15. Argyranthemum lemsii Humphries
  16. Argyranthemum lidii Humphries
  17. Argyranthemum maderense (D.Don) Humphries
  18. Argyranthemum pinnatifidum (L.f.) Lowe
  19. Argyranthemum sundingii L.Borgen
  20. Argyranthemum sventenii Humphries & Aldridge
  21. Argyranthemum tenerifae Humphries
  22. Argyranthemum thalassophilum (Svent.) Humphries
  23. Argyranthemum webbii Sch.Bip.
  24. Argyranthemum winteri (Svent.) Humphries

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
  2. ^ Webb, Philip Barker ex Schultz, Carl Heinrich Bipontinus. 1844. Histoire Naturelle des Îles Canaries 3(2.2): 245, 258–259
  3. ^ Tropicos, Argyranthemum Webb ex Sch. Bip.
  4. ^ Bramwell, D and Bramwell, Z (2001) Wild flowers of the Canary Islands. Editorial Rueda SL, Madrid, Spain ISBN 84-7207-129-4, 2nd edition.
  5. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum 'Cornish Gold'". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum 'Donington Hero'". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum gracile 'Chelsea Girl'". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  9. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum 'Jamaica Primrose'". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  10. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum 'Levada Cream'". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  11. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum maderense". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  12. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum 'Mary Cheek'". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum 'Petite Pink'". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum 'Qinta White'". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum 'Snow Storm'". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  16. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum 'Vancouver'". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  17. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Argyranthemum 'Whiteknights'". Retrieved 11 June 2013. 

External links[edit]