Ariane 2

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Ariane 2
Function Carrier rocket
Manufacturer Aérospatiale
Arianespace
Country of origin Europe
Size
Height 49 metres (161 ft)
Diameter 3.8 metres (12 ft)
Mass 217,000 kilograms (478,000 lb)
Stages Three
Capacity
Payload to
GTO
2,175 kilograms (4,795 lb)
Associated rockets
Family Ariane
Derivatives Ariane 3
Launch history
Status Retired
Total launches 6
Successes 5
Failures 1
First flight 31 May 1986
Last flight 2 April 1989

Ariane 2 was a European expendable carrier rocket, which was used for six launches between 1986 and 1989. It was a member of the Ariane family of rockets, and was produced by Aérospatiale in France.

The Ariane 2 was derived from the earlier Ariane 1, with stretched first and third stages. Its payload capacity was increased to 2,175 kilograms (4,795 lb) to a geosynchronous transfer orbit.

Launch history[edit]

Ariane 2 first flew on 31 May 1986 carrying the Intelsat-5A F-14 satellite. The third stage failed to ignite, and the rocket was destroyed by range safety. Following this, five more launches were conducted, all of which were successful. The last Ariane 2 launch occurred on 2 April 1989, successfully placing Tele-X into orbit.

References[edit]

  • "Ariane 1, 2, 3". Launchers. European Space Agency. Archived from the original on 5 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  • "Ariane 1-3". Ariane Heritage. Arianespace. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Ariane-2". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  • Wade, Mark. "Ariane". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 26 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-27.