Arianespace

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Arianespace
Type Launch Service Provider
Industry Aerospace
Founded 1980
Headquarters Courcouronnes, France
Employees 315 [1]
Website arianespace.com

Arianespace SA is a French company founded in 1980 as the world's first commercial launch service provider.[2] It undertakes the production, operation, and marketing of the Ariane 5 launch vehicle as part of the Ariane programme.[3] Two other launch systems are offered by the company, the Soyuz-2 as a medium-lift alternative to Ariane 5, and the Vega as a lighter one.[4]

As of 2004, Arianespace held more than 50 percent of the world market for boosting satellites to geostationary transfer orbit (GTO).[5] More than 240 commercial launches have occurred since May 22, 1984, and Arianespace states that the total number of launch contracts signed since Ariane launches commenced operations in 1984 is 285.[3] Arianespace uses the Centre Spatial Guyanais in French Guiana as a launch site. It has its headquarters in Courcouronnes, Essonne, France,[6] near Évry.[7]

On 21 October 2011 Arianespace launched the first Soyuz rocket ever from outside former Soviet territory. The payload was two Galileo navigation satellites.[8]

The company and its infrastructure[edit]

Arianespace currently has 21 shareholders:[9]

Country Total share Shareholder Capital
 Germany 19.85% ASTRIUM GmbH 11.59%
MT Aerospace AG 8.26%
 Belgium 3.04% Thales Alenia Space ETCA 0.33%
SABCA 2.71%
Techspace Aero SA -
 Denmark 0.32% Christian Rovsing A/S 0.32%
 Spain 2.15% CRISA 0.11%
EADS CASA 2.04%
 France 64.10% ASTRIUM SAS 16.85%
Clemessy SA 0.11%
CNES 34.68%
Compagnie Deutsch SAS -
EADS France SAS -
Air Liquide SA 1.89%
Safran 10.57%
 Italy 3.38% Avio S.p.A. 3.38%
 Netherlands 1.95% Dutch Space BV 1.95%
 Norway 0.11% Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace AS 0.11%
 Spain 2.45% RUAG Space AB 0.82%
Volvo Aero Corporation 1.63%
  Switzerland 2.67% RUAG Schweiz AG 2.67%

Corporate management[edit]

Position Name[9]
CEO & Chairman Stéphane Israël
Senior Vice-President, Programs Louis Laurent
Senior Vice-President, Sales & Customers Jacques Breton
Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer Thomas Hundt
Vice President, Corporate Communication Isabelle Veillon

Offices[edit]

Location of Office Head of Branch
French Guiana Patrick Loire
USA Clayton Mowry
Japan Kiyoshi Takamatsu
Singapore Richard Bowles

Subsidiaries[edit]

  • Arianespace inc. (U.S. Subsidiary)
  • Arianespace Singapore PTE LTD (Asean Subsidiary)
  • Starsem S.A. (European-Russian Soyuz commercialization)

Competition and pricing[edit]

In the midst of pricing pressure from U.S. company SpaceX, Arianespace made a November 2013 announcement of pricing flexibility for the "lighter satellites" it carries to Geostationary orbits aboard its Ariane 5.[10] In early 2014, Arianespace requested additional subsidies from European governments to face the competition from SpaceX and unfavorable changes in the Euro-Dollar exchange rate.[11] Reducing pricing allowed Arianespace to sign four additional contracts in September 2014 for a lower slots on an Ariane 5 SYLDA dispenser for the satellites that otherwise could be flown on SpaceX launch vehicle. Overall Arianespace signed 11 contracts in 2014 until September with two additional being in a late stage of negotiations. As of September 2014 Arianespace has a backlog of launches worth €4.5 billion with 38 satellites to be launched on Ariane 5, 7 on Soyuz and 9 on Vega, claiming 60% of global satellite launch market.[12][13][14]

Launch Vehicles[edit]

Currently Arianespace operates 3 launch vehicles, including two versions of Ariane 5:

Name Payload to LEO (including SSO) Payload to GTO
Vega 1,450 kilograms (3,200 lb) -
Soyuz 4,400 kilograms (9,700 lb) 3,250 kilograms (7,170 lb)
Ariane 5 ECA - 10,500 kilograms (23,100 lb)
Ariane 5 ES 21,000 kilograms (46,000 lb) -

Additionally Arianespace offers optional back-up launch service on H-IIA through Launch Services Alliance.[15]

Ariane launch vehicles[edit]

Since the first launch in 1979, there have been several versions of the Ariane launch vehicle:

  • Ariane 1, first successful launch on December 24, 1979
  • Ariane 2, first successful launch on November 20, 1987 (the first launch on May 30, 1986 failed)
  • Ariane 3, first successful launch on August 4, 1984
  • Ariane 4, first successful launch on June 15, 1988
  • Ariane 5, first successful launch on October 30, 1997 (the first launch on June 4, 1996 failed).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Arianespace - Service & Solutions". Arianespace. Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
  2. ^ "Ariane - The first commercial space transportation system". adsabs.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2008-03-07. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Arianespace was founded in 1980 as the world’s first launch services and solutions company.". arianespace.com. Archived from the original on February 18, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-07. 
  4. ^ "Service & Solutions". arianespace.com. Archived from the original on 12 February 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-15. 
  5. ^ John McCormick (2004). The European Union (3 ed.). Westview Press. p. 273. ISBN 978-0-8133-4202-3. 
  6. ^ "Russians, French sign space contract.(UPI Science Report)." United Press International. 12 April 2005. Retrieved on 24 September 2009.
  7. ^ "Contact us." Arianespace. Retrieved on 24 September 2009.
  8. ^ "Arianespace Launches First European Soyuz". Interspacenews.com. Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  9. ^ a b "Shareholders". Arianespace. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  10. ^ de Selding, Peter B. (2013-11-25). "SpaceX Challenge Has Arianespace Rethinking Pricing Policies". Space News. Retrieved 2013-11-27. "The Arianespace commercial launch consortium is telling its customers it is open to reducing the cost of flights for lighter satellites on the Ariane 5 rocket in response to the challenge posed by SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket." 
  11. ^ Svitak, Amy (2014-02-11). "Arianespace To ESA: We Need Help". Aviation Week. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  12. ^ "Arianespace nets four commercial launch contracts". 8 September 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "World Satellite Business Week 2014: A rich harvest of contracts for Arianespace" (Press release). 8 September 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Europe's Arianespace Claims 60% Of The Commercial Launch Market". 9 September 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  15. ^ "Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Arianespace conclude MOU on cooperation in commercial space rocket launches". Arianespace. 7 June 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2014.