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Aridoamerica (orthographic projection).svg

Aridoamerica is a term used by Mexican archeologists to describe the northern and central regions of Mexico, in contrast to Mesoamerica,[1] which lies to the south and east.

Unlike Mesoamerica, Aridoamerica has a dry, arid climate and geography. Because of the hard conditions, the precolumbian people in this region were mostly nomadic.[citation needed] The indigenous groups that occupied this land came to be known as Chichimecas, meaning barbaric, or uncivilized.[citation needed] The cultivation of maize reached Aridoamerica by about 2100 BC.[citation needed] Archaeologists disagree whether it was introduced by Uto-Aztecan migrants from Mesoamerica or spread northward by cultural borrowing.[2]


The current Mexican states that lie in Aridoamerica are:

The northern parts of:

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Cordell and Fowler 85
  2. ^ Herr, Sara A. "The Latest Research on the Earliest Farmers." Archaeology Southwest Vol. 23, No. 1, Winter 2009, p.1