Arie W. Kruglanski

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Arie W. Kruglanski
Born 1939
Nationality American
Occupation Social psychologist
Known for Work on Cognitive Closure

Arie W. Kruglanski (born in 1939) is a social psychologist best known for his work on Cognitive Closure. He is currently a Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of Maryland.


Arie Kruglanski received his Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1968. He has contributed extensively to the theory of Cognitive Closure,[1] and co-developed the Need for Closure Scale.[2] Theories of closure have found application in numerous fields such as consumer behavior[3] and political research.[4] Kruglanski frequently collaborated with E. Tory Higgins, particularly on regulatory mode theory. Kruglanski serves as a co-principal investigator at the National Center for the Study of Terrorism and the Response to Terrorism at the University of Maryland, and has conducted extensive research on the psychology and motivations of terrorists.[5] He sits on the editorial board of Psychological Review.[6]

See also[edit]


  • 2007 - Society for Experimental Social Psychology: Distinguished Scientist Award[7]
  • 1998 - Society for Personality and Social Psychology: Donald T. Campbell Award[8]

Recent and/or notable publications[edit]


  • Victoroff, J., & Kruglanski, A. W. (Eds.) (2009). Psychology of terrorism. New York: Psychology Press.
  • Kruglanski, A. W. (2004). The psychology of closed mindedness. New York: Psychology Press.
  • Kruglanski, A. W., & Higgins, E .T. (Eds.). (2003). Social psychology: A general reader. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
  • Higgins, E. T., & Kruglanski, A. W. (Eds.). (2000). Motivational science: Social and personality perspectives. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
  • Higgins, E. T., & Kruglanski, A. W. (Eds.). (1996). Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Kruglanski, A. W. (1989). Lay epistemics and human knowledge: Cognitive and motivational bases. New York: Springer

Journal Articles[edit]

  • Kruglanski, A.W., Chernikova, M., Rosenzweig E., & Kopetz, C. (2014). On motivational readiness. Psychological Review, 121, 367-388.
  • Kruglanski, A. W., Pierro, A., & Sheveland, A. (2011). How many roads lead to Rome? Equifinality set-size and commitment to goals and means. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 344-352.
  • Kruglanski, A. W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Intuitive and deliberative judgments are based on common principles. Psychological Review, 118, 97-109.
  • Kruglanski, A.W., & Fishman, S. (2009). The psychology of terrorism: Syndrome versus tool perspectives. Journal of Terrorism and Political Violence, 18, 193-215.
  • Jost, J. T., Glaser, J., Kruglanski, A W., & Sulloway, F. J. (2003). Political conservatism as motivated social cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 339-375.
  • Kruglanski, A. W., Shah, J. Y., Fishbach, A., Friedman, R., Chun, W. Y., & Sleeth-Keppler, D. (2002). A theory of goal-systems. In M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Vol 34, pp. 331–378. New York: Academic Press.
  • Kruglanski, A. W., Thompson, E. P., Higgins, E. T., Atash, M. N., Pierro, A., Shah, J. Y., & Spiegel, S. (2000). To do the right thing! or to just do it!: Locomotion and assessment as distinct self-regulatory imperatives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 793-815.
  • Webster, Donna M.; Arie W. Kruglanski (1997). Cognitive and Social Consequences of the Need for Cognitive Closure. European Review of Social Psychology 18: 133–173.
  • Kruglanski, A. W., & Webster, D. M. (1996). Motivated closing of the mind: "Seizing" and "freezing". Psychological Review, 103, 263-283.
  • Webster, D. M., & Kruglanski, A. W. (1994). Individual differences in need for cognitive closure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1049-1062.


External links[edit]