Ariel Atom

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Ariel Atom
ArielAtomGoodwood.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Ariel Motor Company
Production 100 per year
Designer Niki Smart
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L 245-bhp naturally aspirated or 310-bhp (350-bhp in 3.5R) supercharged Honda K20Z4 i-VTEC, or;
2.2 L or 2.4 L 205-300-bhp supercharged General Motors Ecotec, or;
3.0 L 500-bhp Ariel V8;
2.4 L 245- bhp naturally aspirated or 300bhp supercharged Honda i-VTEC.
Transmission 6-speed manual
6-speed sequential manual
Dimensions
Length 3.41 m (11 ft 2 in)
Width 1.798 m (5 ft 11 in)
Height 1.195 m (3 ft 11 in)
Curb weight 1,350 lb (612 kg)

The Ariel Atom is a road legal high performance sports car made by the Ariel Motor Company based in Crewkerne, Somerset, England and under licence in North America by TMI Autotech, Inc. at Virginia International Raceway in Alton, Virginia.

There have been five Ariel Atom incarnations to date: Ariel Atom, Ariel Atom 2, Ariel Atom 3 (including the Ariel Atom 3 Mugen Limited Edition - only 10 made,) Ariel Atom 3.5 and Ariel Atom 500 V8 Limited Edition (only 25 to be made). The current models are the Ariel Atom 3.5, the more powerful 3.5R and the limited production Ariel Atom 500 V8 with a 500 bhp (373 kW; 507 PS) V8 engine[1][2]

The Ariel Atom is unusual in that it is exoskeletal — the chassis is prominently visible from the outside — and therefore lacks a roof, windows and other features normally found on road cars although a small windscreen is available as an optional extra. The chassis design leads to a relatively high drag coefficient of 0.40 in comparison to more aerodynamic road cars.[3]

Design origins[edit]

The Atom began as a student project by Coventry University transport design student, Niki Smart. Known then as the LSC (Lightweight Sports Car), it was developed at the university in 1996 with input and funding from various automotive industry members, including British Steel and TWR. Ariel Motor Company boss Simon Saunders was a senior lecturer whose responsibility for the project was primarily as financial manager and design critic for Smart, whom he described as "The best all-round design student I've ever seen." The car was first shown publicly at the British International Motor Show at the NEC in Birmingham in October 1996.[4]

Suspension[edit]

Front spring, helper coil spring (in red), and shock

The Atom suspension setup was tuned by the engineers at Lotus. Edmunds "Inside Line" noted that "anyone who has driven a selection of Lotus-tuned cars, such as the Lotus Elise, the Aston Martin Vanquish and the Opel Speedster, will notice a common feel or signature, and it's replicated in the Atom."[5]

The Atom’s suspension is derived from single seat racing cars and is fully adjustable, requiring only a spanner. Both front and rear double unequal length wishbones and inboard, pushrod-operated dampers contribute to the Atom’s dynamic racecar-like handling. Adjustable suspension rod ends feature inboard rubber/metal bushings to promote a more comfortable road-going ride. The front and rear Bilstein dampers are also adjustable. Stacked helper coil springs and main coil springs produce a low spring rate for minor deflections and a higher rate for large ones.

Acceleration[edit]


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In 2005 Track and Race Car magazine published the results of a comprehensive test of a range of cars, from the Porsche 911 Carrera S, Ford GT, BMW M5 to the Caterham CSR 260. The Supercharged Ariel Atom 2 won the 0–100–0 mph (0–161–0 km/h) test by a clear margin at 10.88 seconds, ahead of the Caterham CSR 260 (11.41) and the Ford GT in 4th (13.17).

The following year, the Atom won Autocar's 0–100 mph challenge as the new Ariel Atom 2 300 bhp supercharged edition achieved a time of 6.86 seconds, and then stopped from 100 in 3.8 seconds. At the National Exhibition Centre in Birmingham, the Atom broke the indoor speed record.[6] The high gloss floor that the cars ran on was only 220 m (720 ft) long, with an open door at the end of the hall. The driver of the Atom launched in fourth gear and still had wheelspin until the car reached 70 mph (110 km/h) and started to get traction. The Atom was beaten only by a Class 9 Autograss car powered by a 2.0l Lexus/Toyota touring car engine which set the official indoor speed record, beating the previous record held by a Toyota F1 car driven by Top Gear's driver The Stig.

The Sunday Times measured the time taken for the Atom to accelerate from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) at 2.89 seconds, making it the world's third fastest accelerating production car then available after the $1.3 million, 1,001 PS (987 bhp) Bugatti Veyron at 2.46 seconds,[7] and the Ultima GTR at 2.6 seconds;[8] the review was in 2005.

United States licensing[edit]

Brammo Motorsports of Ashland, Oregon signed a deal with Ariel Ltd to manufacture the Atom in the US starting in late 2005. In the US the Atom 2 was available with the supercharged GM Ecotec engine, which was introduced in 2004 on the Saturn ION Red Line and is also used in the Chevrolet Cobalt SS. A limited run of approximately 10 US built Atom 2 cars, manufactured in 2006-2007, were powered by imported Honda K20As.[9] Brammo Motorsports ceased production of the Atom in 2008 to focus on the manufacture of an electric motorcycle.

In January 2008, it was officially announced that licensed manufacturing of the Ariel Atom for the US market would be undertaken by TMI AutoTech Inc at a purpose-built facility at Virginia International Raceway. TMI started production by building Honda-powered Atom 3 cars. TMI AutoTech Inc is also associated with Trak Motorsports Inc, the company that operates the Ariel Atom Experience trackdays in Canada and North America.

Ariel Atom 500[edit]

Ariel announced in February 2008 its latest Atom variant, the Ariel Atom 500. It features a 500 horsepower 3.0 litre John Hartley designed V8 engine, carbon fibre body panels and aerofoils, chromoly aerofoil wishbones, integrated function steering wheel, Alcon four-piston brake calipers, and Dymag magnesium wheels. The engine weighs 90 kg (198 lb) and is coupled to a Sadev 6-speed sequential gearbox to cope with the increased power over the Honda unit. During the development process the RS performance engine was replaced by a unit prepared by Hartley Enterprises giving the final production version of the 550 kg (1,213 lb) car 909 bhp/tonne.[10]

Ariel claims this variant will accelerate from 0-60 mph in "less than 2.3 seconds".[11]

On 23 January 2011, the Atom 500 set the lap record around the Top Gear test track, with a time of 1:15.1, making it the fastest road-legal car to go around the track[12] - a record that stood for just over two years, until the Pagani Huayra completed a lap in 1:13.8 on 27 January 2013.[13]

Ariel Atom 3.5R[edit]

The Ariel Atom 3.5R is the upgraded version of the Ariel atom producing 350 bhp from a 1998cc supercharged Honda engine which propels the 550kg car to 60 mph in just 2.6 seconds and to a top speed of 155 mph.

In June 2014 a 3.5R was presented to Avon and Somerset Police, the force local to the Crewkerne factory, to support a local motor cycle safety initiative. It has pursuit lights and carries police livery.[14]

Wrightspeed X1[edit]

The Ariel Atom was unofficially used by Wrightspeed as the base of a one-off prototype called the Wrightspeed X1, which is a proof of concept of the company's all-electric powertrain.[15]

Atom Cup[edit]

In mid 2012 it was announced that for the first time in the UK, the Atom would have a dedicated single make race series called 'Atom Cup'.[16] The series would feature on Jonathan Palmer's MSVR program of racing with 8 race weekends featuring 16 races. Absolute Taste were announced as the hospitality partner. The cars were 245BHP naturally aspirated, 3.5 chassis with an MSA approved welded roll bar protection system. The standard suspension was replaced with Ohlins racing suspension. An FIA approved fire extinguisher system was also installed.

As part of the promotion for the series the Atom Cup team performed a 'flash mob' pitstop in central London.[17] The footage was later uploaded to YouTube and went viral in motorsport circles.

Racing was close with most commentators and critics applauding the overtaking and fast paced action.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "More details emerge on V8-powered Ariel Atom 500". Leftlanenews.com. 2010-08-11. Archived from the original on 1 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  2. ^ "Ariel Atom V8 price". Zercustoms.com. 2009-06-08. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  3. ^ "Technical specifications and performance data of Ariel Atom (2002)". encarsglobe.com. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  4. ^ Steve Cropley (1996), 'Your Starter for £10k', Autocar, October 16, 1996 pp74-77:

    "The project had its germination as a project for 100-odd students of Coventry's School of Transport Design"

    "As senior lecturer on the Coventry course, Saunders fell naturally into the role of financial manager, enabler and chief critic"

    "Most of the LSC's primary design is Smart's"

  5. ^ Alistair Weaver, European Editor, Edmunds Inside Line, Published April 29, 2005, Ariel Atom: Honda-Powered Road-Legal Racecar[1]
  6. ^ Joseph, Noah. "British mags set indoor speed records", Autoblog, 18 December 2006.
  7. ^ Frankel, Andrew (17 November 2005). "European First Drive: 2006 Bugatti Veyron". Edmunds. Archived from the original on 29 January 2008. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  8. ^ "Ultima Crowned Triple 0-100mph-0 World Record Holders". Ultima Sports Ltd. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  9. ^ "2006 Ariel Atom 300 Supercharged". CoverCars. 2006-12-16. 
  10. ^ "5V8 ARIEL ATOM GETS 900BHP PER TONNE". Pistonheads. 2010-09-08. Archived from the original on 11 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-08. 
  11. ^ "Ariel Atom V8 (2010) First Official Pictures". CAR Magazine. 2010-09-08. Retrieved 2010-09-08. 
  12. ^ "Top Gear - 16x01 - 2011.01.23". Top Gear. January 23, 2011. BBC.
  13. ^ "Top Gear - 19x01 - 2013.01.27". Top Gear. January 27, 2013. BBC.
  14. ^ Jones, Matthew (3 June 2014). "This is an Ariel Atom police car". Top Gear (BBC Worldwide). Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  15. ^ "2006 Wrightspeed X1". TopSpeed. 2012-10-12. Retrieved 2013-01-26. 
  16. ^ "Atom Cup announced". pistonheads.com. 2012-07-17. 
  17. ^ "Atom Cup Pitstop". Retrieved 5 March 2013. 

External links[edit]