||This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (May 2010)|
Ariel Durant (10 May 1898 – 25 October 1981) was co-author of The Story of Civilization.
Ariel Durant was born in Proskurov, Russian Empire (now Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine) as Chaya Kaufman to Ethel Appel Kaufman and Joseph Kaufman. The family emigrated to the United States in 1901. She met her future husband, Will Durant, while a student at Ferrer Modern School in New York. Will was then a teacher at the school, but resigned his post to marry Ariel, who was fifteen at the time of the wedding on October 31, 1913. 
Ariel and Will Durant were awarded the Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction in 1968 for Rousseau and Revolution, the tenth volume of The Story of Civilization. In 1977 they were presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Gerald Ford, and Ariel was named "Woman of the Year" by the city of Los Angeles.
The Durants' autobiography, A Dual Autobiography (ISBN 0-671-23078-6), was published in 1978.
- "Durant, Ariel", in Jewish Women in America, E. Paula Hyman and Deborah Dash Moore, eds. (Taylor & Francis, 1997) p343