Arifiye

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Arifiye
District
Arifiye is located in Turkey
Arifiye
Arifiye
Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 40°43′N 30°22′E / 40.717°N 30.367°E / 40.717; 30.367Coordinates: 40°43′N 30°22′E / 40.717°N 30.367°E / 40.717; 30.367
Country  Turkey
Province Sakarya Province
Elevation 40 m (130 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Urban 32,557
 • District 38,293
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 54580
Area code(s) 264
Licence plate 54

Arifiye is a district center of Sakarya Province, Turkey. It is also included in Greater Sakarya Proper.

Geography[edit]

Arifiye is situated at 40°43′N 30°22′E / 40.717°N 30.367°E / 40.717; 30.367 just at the east of Lake Sapanca. It is almost merged to Adapazarı the center of the province and it is a part of Greater Sakarya. (see Metropolitan centers in Turkey). Arifiye is on Turkish Motorway O-4 and state highway D.100 both of which connect İstanbul to Ankara. It is also an important railway junction. The population of Arifiye was 32550 [3] as of 2010.

History[edit]

Arifiye is a part of ancient region of Bithynia. It later on fell to Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire. Several times it was plundered by the Sassanid Persians, Umayyad Arabs and Russians in the Middle Ages. After a brief occupation by the Seljuk Turks it was returned to Byzantines during the First Crusade. In 1326 Ottoman Turks annexed Arifiye. Although an important stop on Silk road in the Middle Ages because of frequent floods of the nearby Lake Sapanca it was not a populous settlement. During Turkish Republic its population increased and by 1956 it was declared a seat of township. In 2008 it was declared a center of district within Greater Sakarya.[4]

Economy[edit]

Formerly the major economic sector in Arifiye was agriculture. But after the 1970s Arifiye became an important center of Automotive sub industry. The bus terminal of Greater Sakarya is also in Arifiye. A train station is also in Arifiye, which will be the westernmost terminal of the Adana-Istanbul railway from February 2012 to 2015, while construction takes place in Istanbul's Haydarpaşa train station.[5]

Rural Area[edit]

There are five villages in the rural area of the district . The total population of the district (urban+rural) is 37864[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  2. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  3. ^ a b "Turkstat". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2011. 
  4. ^ Mayor's page (Turkish)
  5. ^ Man in Seat Sixty-One, The. "Train Travel in Turkey". Seat61.com.