Not to be confused with Arioch, the king's chief executioner in the Book of Daniel
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Arioch ( Hebrew: אַמְרָפֶ֣ל ’Aryōḵ) is a Hebrew name that means "fierce lion". It originally appears in the Book of Genesis chapter 14 as the name of the "King of Ellasar", part of the confederation of kings who did battle with the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah and with Abraham in the Battle of the Vale of Siddim. Earlier in the 20th century, it was common to identify him with "Eriaku" - an alternative reading of either Rim-Sin or his brother Warad-Sin, who were Elamite rulers over Larsa contemporary with Hammurabi, although this identification has come under attack from scholars in more recent years, and is now largely abandoned, in part due to [2 ] Nuzu inscriptions referring to a Hurrian king named Ariukki.
Alternatively Ellasar could have been the site referred to as
Alashiya, now thought to be near Alassa in Cyprus, where there was a Late Bronze Age palace, destroyed by the Peoples of the Sea.
The same name later appears in the
Book of Daniel 2:24 as the person appointed by King Nebuchadnezzar to put all the wise men of Babylon to death.
Arioch (Arius) was also a grandson of
Semiramis in the classical Ninus legend.
Adaptations by later writers [ edit ]
Arioch was a name for a fictional
demon, and also appears as the name of a demon in many grimoires. Arioch is also named in John Milton's (vi. 371.) as one of the Paradise Lost fallen angels under Satan's command.
Arioch is one of the principal lords of Chaos in several of
Michael Moorcock's fantasy series. For more information, see Deities in the Elric series.
Arioch is also the name of an
escape artist and magician who rose to fame in the 1990s after performing on MTV.
References [ edit ]
Price, Ira, 1904.
Some Literary Remains of Rim-Sin (Arioch), King of Larsa, about 2285 B.C. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.