Arionidae

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Arionidae
Temporal range: Miocene–Recent[1]
Arion vulgaris 3.jpg
A live individual of the Spanish slug Arion vulgaris, in the wild
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra

Superfamily: Arionoidea
Family: Arionidae
Gray, 1840
Genera

See text

Synonyms

Tetraspididae Hagenmüller, 1885

Arionidae, common name the "roundback slugs" or "round back slugs" are a taxonomic family of air-breathing land slugs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Arionoidea.

Distribution[edit]

The distribution of this family of slugs includes Nearctic, Palearctic and Oriental regions.[1]

Anatomy[edit]

Unlike some slugs, European Arionidae have no internal shell. They also have no keel on the back.[1] The caudal mucous pit is above the tip of the tail.[1] The respiratory pore (pneumostome) is in front of the midpoint of the mantle.[1] The body length is up to 250 mm.[1] Mantle covers only a part of the body and lies in the anterior part.[1]

The jaw is odontognathic,[1] which means it is transversally ribbed. Radular teeth include: central tricuspid, lateral bi- or tricuspid, marginal bicuspid, all having broad bases.[1] Teeth are often accreted.[1] The digestive system forms 2 loops.[1] The heart, in relation to body axis, is titled to the left.[1] The kidney is circular (surrounding aorta).[1] Cephalic retractors tend to divide into separate branches attached independently to the posterior part of pallial complex.[1] The shell is strongly reduced in places, most often completely buried in the mantle, usually of loose crystals or plate-like.[1] Genitalia: the penis is present only in some species, epiphallus is present in nearly all of them.[1] Male copulatory organs are generally reduced, their role being taken over by a well-developed atrium and epiphallus that produces spermatophores.[1]

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 21 and 30 (according to the values in this table).[2]

Genera[edit]

Family Arionidae has no subfamilies according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005.

The type genus of the family is Arion Férussac, 1819

Genera within the family Arionidae include:

Parasites[edit]

The parasites of the Arionidae slugs include the Sciomyzidae.

References[edit]

This article incorporates public domain text from the reference.[1]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Family summary for Arionidae". AnimalBase, last change 12-06-2009, accessed 4 August 2010.
  2. ^ Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142. (In the reference specified as Ariononae.)
  3. ^ Cockerell (1890). Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6)6: 278.
  4. ^ a b Leonard; Chichester, Richart & Young (2011). "Securicauda hermani and Carinacauda stormi, two new genera and species of slug from the Pacific Northwest of the United States (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora: Arionidae), with notes on Gliabates oregonius Webb 1959". Zootaxa 2746: 43–56. 
  5. ^ Webb (1959). Gastropodia 1(3): 22.
  6. ^ Bland T.[disambiguation needed] & Binney W. G. (1874). "Description of Hemphillia, a new Genus of Terrestrial Mollusks". Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York. 10: 208-211. Plate 9.
  7. ^ Simroth (1891). Malak. Bl. (N.S.) 11: 111.
  8. ^ Pilsbry H. A. (1953). Nautilus 67: 37.
  9. ^ Bland & Binney W. G. (1873). Ann. Lyceum nat. Hist. N. York 10(3): 921.
  10. ^ Webb (1959). Gastropodia 1: 22.
  11. ^ Pilsbry H. A. (1903). Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 55: 626.

External links[edit]