Ariophantidae

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Ariophantidae
Macrochlamys indica Reunion 0408.jpg
Two live individuals of Macrochlamys indica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
clade Sigmurethra
clade limacoid clade

Superfamily: Helicarionoidea
Family: Ariophantidae
Godwin-Austen, 1888[1]
Genera

See text

Ariophantidae is a taxonomic family of air-breathing land snails and semi-slugs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicarionoidea (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).[2]

Distribution[edit]

The distribution of the family Ariophantidae includes India and south-eastern Asia.[3]

Anatomy[edit]

Snails within this family make and use love darts made of chitin.

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 21 and 25 and also lies between 31 and 35, but other values are also possible (according to the values in this table).[4]

Taxonomy[edit]

Subfamilies[edit]

The family Ariophantidae consists of 3 subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005):[2]

  • Ariophantinae Godwin-Austen, 1888 - synonyms: Naninidae Pfeffer, 1878 (inv.); Hemiplectinae Gude & B. B. Woodward, 1921[5]
  • Macrochlamydinae Godwin-Austen, 1888[1] - synonyms: Tanychlamydinae H. B. Baker, 1928;[6] Vitrinulini Schileyko, 2003[7]
  • Ostracolethinae Simroth, 1901[8] - synonyms: Myotestidae Collinge, 1902;[9] Parmarioninae Godwin-Austen, 1908;[10] Laocaiini Schileyko, 2002;[11] Microparmarionini Schileyko, 2003[12]

Genera[edit]

Genera in the family Ariophantidae include:

Ariophantinae

Macrochlamydinae

Ostracolethinae

unsorted:

Cladogram[edit]

The following cladogram shows the phylogenic relationships of this family with other families in the limacoid clade:[3]

 limacoid clade 
 Staffordioidea 

Staffordiidae




 Dyakioidea 

Dyakiidae


 Gastrodontoidea 

Pristilomatidae




Chronidae




Euconulidae



Trochomorphidae





Gastrodontidae



Oxychilidae







 Parmacelloidea 

Trigonochlamydidae



Parmacellidae



Milacidae





 Zonitoidea 

Zonitidae


 Helicarionoidea 

Helicarionidae




Ariophantidae



Urocyclidae





 Limacoidea 

Vitrinidae




Boettgerillidae




Limacidae



Agriolimacidae









References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Godwin-Austen H. H. (April 1888). Land and freshwater Mollusca of India. including South Arabia, Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Kashmir, Nepal, Burmah, Pegu, Tenasserim, Malay Peninsula, Ceylon, and other islands of the Indian Ocean, supplementary to Messrs. Theobald and Hanley's Conchologia Indica. Taylor & Francis, London, volume 1, part 6: 207-257, page 253.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Bouchet P., Rocroi J.-P., Frýda J., Hausdorf B., Ponder W., Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology (Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks) 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3925919724. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  3. ^ a b Hausdorf B. (2000). "Biogeography of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): Vicariance Events and Long-Distance Dispersal". Journal of Biogeography 27(2): 379-390. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00403.x, JSTOR.
  4. ^ Barker G. M. (2001). Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.
  5. ^ Gude G. P. L. K. & Woodward B. B. (1921). "On Helicella, Férussac". Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 14(5-6): 174-190. page 186.
  6. ^ Baker H. B. (1928). Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 80: 6.
  7. ^ Schileyko (2003). Treatise on Recent terrestrial pulmonate molluscs, part 10: page 1354
  8. ^ Simroth H. (30 December 1901). Zoologischer Anzeiger 25(660): 64.
  9. ^ Collinge (1902). The Journal of Malacology 9: 11.
  10. ^ Godwin-Austen H. H. (1908). In: Blanford W. T. & Godwin-Austen H. H. (1908). The fauna of British India. Mollusca. Testacellidae and Zonitidae, page 180.
  11. ^ Schileyko (2002). Treatise on Recent terrestrial pulmonate molluscs, part 9: page 1219.
  12. ^ Schileyko (2003). Treatise on Recent terrestrial pulmonate molluscs, part 10: page 1337.
  13. ^ Mollusc Specialist Group (1996). Vitrinula chaunax. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 10 July 2011.
  14. ^ Godwin-Austen H. H. (1899). "Address of the president". Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 3: 241-262. page 251, 253.
  15. ^ Raheem D. & Naggs F. (2006). "The Sri Lankan endemic semi-slug Ratnadvipia (Limacoidea: Ariophantidae) and a new species from southwestern Sri Lanka". Systematics and Biodiversity 4(1): 99-126. doi:10.1017/S1477200005001854.

Further reading[edit]

  • Schileyko A. A. (2003). "Treatise on recent terrestrial pulmonate mollusks. 10. Ariophantidae, Ostracolethaidae, Ryssotidae, Milacidae, Dyakiidae, Staffordiidae, Gastrodontidae, Zonitidae, Daudebardiidae, Parmacellidae". Ruthenica, Supplement 2. 1309-1466.

External links[edit]