Aristide Aubert Du Petit Thouars

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Aristide Aubert Du Petit Thouars
Aristide Aubert Dupetit-Thouars-Antoine Maurin.png
Portrait of Du Petit Thouars by Antoine Maurin
Born (1760-08-31)31 August 1760
Boumais
Died 2 August 1798(1798-08-02) (aged 37)
Ship Tonnant, off Abukir
Allegiance France
Service/branch Navy
Rank Chef de division
Battles/wars Battle of the Nile

Aristide Aubert Du Petit Thouars (Boumais, 31 August 1760 – Abukir, 2 August 1798; often written Dupetit-Thouars) was a French naval officer, and a hero of the Battle of Aboukir, where he died.

He was born on August 31, 1760, in the castle of Boumais, near Saumur. He studied at the Collège Royal de La Flèche, and entered the French Navy in 1778. He participated that same year to the Battle of Ouessant. In 1790, he participated to the conquest of Saint-Louis du Sénégal.

He then served in the Antilles, under Guichen against Rodney on the 80-gun Couronne. He was at the Battle of the Saintes.

He was promoted to Lieutenant (Lieutenant de Vaisseau) in 1792. He left that year on board the 12-gun brig Diligent, in search of Jean-François de La Pérouse. In Brazil, he was imprisoned by the Portuguese, but released in 1793. After that he lived for three years in the United States.

Tonnant at the Battle of the Nile, and death of Aristide Aubert Du Petit Thouars.

Back in France, he was reintegrated (he had been destituted as an aristocrat), and was promoted to Captain, commander of the Tonnant at the Battle of the Nile, where he died on August 2, 1798. During the battle, he forced HMS Majestic to break off combat with 50 killed, including Captain Westcott, and 143 wounded.[1][2] After having lost both legs and an arm, he continued to command from a bucket filled with wheat, until he died.

His last order was allegedly to nail the flag of the Tonnant to her mizzen-mast and never to surrender the ship.[3] The Tonnant was eventually captured by the British.

Family[edit]

Honours[edit]

  • The Borough of Dushore, Pennsylvania, United States; was named in his honour; it was originally known as DuThouars.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Line Upon A Wind, Noel Mostert Pg. 274
  2. ^ Tonnant fired a broadside at Bellerophon, but Bellerophon never struck her colors. Mostert, Pg. 269 as well as Billy Ruffian, David Cordingly Pg. 149
  3. ^ Aristide Aubert Dupetit-Thouars, archivesdefrance.culture.gouv.fr

External links[edit]