The arithmetic IF statement has been for several decades a three-way arithmetic conditional statement, starting from the very early version (1957) of Fortran, and including FORTRAN IV, FORTRAN 66 and FORTRAN 77. Unlike the logical IF statements seen in other languages, the Fortran statement defines three different branches depending on whether the result of an expression was negative, zero, or positive, in said order, written as:
IF (expression) negative,zero,positive
While it was originally the only kind of IF statement provided in Fortran, the feature was used less and less frequently after the more powerful logical IF statements were introduced, and was finally labeled obsolescent in Fortran 90.
The arithmetic IF was also used in FOCAL.