Arizona's 1st congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"AZ-1" redirects here. For the aircraft, see AZ-1 Marvelette. For the car, see Autozam AZ-1.
Arizona's 1st congressional district
Arizona's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Arizona's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Ann Kirkpatrick (DFlagstaff)
Area 58,608 mi²
Distribution 55.4% urban, 44.6% rural
Population (2000) 641,329
Median income $32,979
Ethnicity 65.8% White, 1.3% Black, 0.5% Asian, 16.4% Hispanic, 22.6% Native American, 7.5% other
Cook PVI R+3[1]

Arizona's 1st congressional district is a congressional district located in the U.S. state of Arizona. Geographically, it is the tenth largest congressional district in the country and includes much of the state outside the Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas.

It is currently represented by Democrat Ann Kirkpatrick.

The district borders were changed after Arizona gained two seats in the 2000 U.S. Census - the old 1st District, based in Mesa and at one time the east side of Phoenix, was renumbered the 6th District. Another area of the 1st District, containing the North Indian Bend Wash Superfund Site that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) first documented in 1981, became part of what is now the 5th District.

After the 2012 redistricting, the Hopi reservation that had previously been contained within the 2nd District was redrawn into the 1st, along with some northern suburbs of Tucson that had been in the 8th; meanwhile, Prescott and surrounding areas of Yavapai County were drawn into the new, heavily Republican 4th district. The district is now considered to be significantly more competitive for Democrats.

The district is home to more Native Americans than any other district in the United States.[2]

External links


Competitiveness[edit]

This large congressional district covers the mainly rural areas of northern and eastern Arizona. Republicans have a base in Prescott and Yavapai County, while Democrats perform well in Flagstaff, Sedona, and the Navajo Nation among Native Americans. Elections are usually decided by conservative "Pinto Democrats" throughout the rural areas.

George W. Bush received 54% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain also carried the district in 2008 with 54.42% of the vote while Barack Obama received 44.25%. Due to intense competition, it is generally considered a swing district.

During the Super Tuesday, February 5, 2008 Arizona Democratic Primary, the district was won by Hillary Rodham Clinton with 48.49% of the vote while Barack Obama received 42.21% and John Edwards took in 5.01%. In the Arizona Republican Primary, the 1st District was won by McCain with 45.99% while Mitt Romney received 35.20% and Mike Huckabee took in 11.70% of the vote in the district.

Voting[edit]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
2012 President Romney 50 - 48%
2008 President McCain 54 - 44%
2004 President Bush 54 - 46%
2000 President Bush 51 - 46%

List of representatives[edit]

Arizona transitioned from electing its members of the House from separate districts with the 1948 elections, after using a general ticket since gaining a second seat in the House with the 1940 Census.

Representative Party Term Cong–ress Counties[3][4][5] Area Notes
No image.svg John R. Murdock Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
81st-82nd Maricopa Metro Phoenix Redistricted from the At-large district
Lost re-election
JohnRhodes.jpg John J. Rhodes, Jr. Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1967
82nd-89th Retired
January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1983
90th-97th Maricopa (part)
John McCain official portrait 2009.jpg John McCain Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
98th-99th Parts of Metro Phoenix Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Rhodes III AZ-1.png John J. Rhodes III Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
100th-102nd Lost re-election
Sam Coppersmith.jpg Samuel G. Coppersmith Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
103rd Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Matt Salmon, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Matt Salmon Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
104th-106th Retired to run for governor
Jeff Flake, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Jeff Flake Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
107th Redistricted to the 6th district
Rick Renzi, official 109th Congress photo.jpg Rick Renzi Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2009
108th-110th Apache, Gila, Graham, Greenlee, Yavapai, Coconino (part), Navajo (part), Pinal (part) North and East Arizona Retired
Ann Kirkpatrick.jpg Ann Kirkpatrick Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Lost re-election
Paul Gosar Official Portrait c. 2012.jpg Paul Gosar Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th Redistricted to the 4th district
Ann Kirkpatrick.jpg Ann Kirkpatrick Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
113th Apache, Coconino (part), Gila (part), Graham, Greenlee, Maricopa (part Navajo, Pima (part), Pinal (part) First elected in 2012

Recent election results[edit]

2002[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Renzi 85,967 49.21%
Democratic George Cordova 79,730 45.64%
Libertarian Edwin Porr 8,990 5.15%
Majority 6,237 3.57%
Total votes 174,687 100.00%
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Renzi* 148,315 58.54%
Democratic Paul Babbitt 91,776 36.22%
Libertarian John Crockett 13,260 5.23%
Majority 56,539 22.32%
Total votes 253,351 100.00%
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Renzi* 105,646 53.21%
Democratic Ellen Simon 88,691 44.67%
Libertarian David Schlosser 4,205 2.12%
Majority 16,955 8.54%
Total votes 198,542 100.00%
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 155,791 57.45%
Republican Sydney Ann Hay 109,924 40.54%
Independent Brent Maupin 4,124 1.52%
Libertarian Thane Eichenauer 1,316 0.49%
Majority 45,867 16.91%
Total votes 271,155 100.00%
Democratic gain from Republican

2010[edit]

Arizona's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Paul Gosar 112,816 49.72%
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick* 99,233 43.73%
Libertarian Nicole Patti 14,869 6.55%
Majority 13,583 5.99%
Total votes 226,918 100.00%
Republican gain from Democratic

2012[edit]

Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 122,774 48.80%
Republican Jonathan Paton 113,594 45.15%
Libertarian Kim Allen 15,227 6.05%
Majority 9,180 3.65%
Total votes 251,595 100.00%
Democratic gain from Republican

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2005 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  2. ^ "Can Navajo Nation help rescue endangered Dem Congresswoman?". ABC News. 2010-10-08. 
  3. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1982.
  4. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1989.
  5. ^ Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress

Coordinates: 34°58′16″N 110°43′33″W / 34.97111°N 110.72583°W / 34.97111; -110.72583