Arizona's 1st congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Arizona's 1st congressional district
Current Representative Ann Kirkpatrick (DFlagstaff)
Area 58,608 mi²
Distribution 55.4% urban, 44.6% rural
Population (2000) 641,329
Median income $32,979
Ethnicity 65.8% White, 1.3% Black, 0.5% Asian, 16.4% Hispanic, 22.6% Native American, 7.5% other
Cook PVI R+3[1]

Arizona's 1st congressional district is a congressional district located in the U.S. state of Arizona. Geographically, it is the tenth largest congressional district in the country and includes much of the state outside the Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas.

It is currently represented by Democrat Ann Kirkpatrick.

The district borders were changed after Arizona gained two seats in the 2000 U.S. Census - the old 1st District, based in Mesa and at one time the east side of Phoenix, was renumbered the 6th District. Another area of the 1st District, containing the North Indian Bend Wash Superfund Site that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) first documented in 1981, became part of what is now the 5th District.

After the 2012 redistricting, the Hopi reservation that had previously been contained within the 2nd District was redrawn into the 1st, along with some northern suburbs of Tucson that had been in the 8th; meanwhile, Prescott and surrounding areas of Yavapai County were drawn into the new, heavily Republican 4th district. The district is now considered to be significantly more competitive for Democrats.

The district is home to more Native Americans than any other district in the United States.[2]

External links
Arizona's congressional districts, 2013, with the 1st district shown in green

Competitiveness[edit]

This large congressional district covers the mainly rural areas of northern and eastern Arizona. Republicans have a base in Prescott and Yavapai County, while Democrats perform well in Flagstaff, Sedona, and the Navajo Nation among Native Americans. Elections are usually decided by conservative "Pinto Democrats" throughout the rural areas.

George W. Bush received 54% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain also carried the district in 2008 with 54.42% of the vote while Barack Obama received 44.25%. Due to intense competition, it is generally considered a swing district.

During the Super Tuesday, February 5, 2008 Arizona Democratic Primary, the district was won by Hillary Rodham Clinton with 48.49% of the vote while Barack Obama received 42.21% and John Edwards took in 5.01%. In the Arizona Republican Primary, the 1st District was won by McCain with 45.99% while Mitt Romney received 35.20% and Mike Huckabee took in 11.70% of the vote in the district.

Voting[edit]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
2012 President Romney 50 - 48%
2008 President McCain 54 - 44%
2004 President Bush 54 - 46%
2000 President Bush 51 - 46%

List of representatives[edit]

Arizona transitioned from electing its members of the House from separate districts with the 1948 elections, after using a general ticket since gaining a second seat in the House with the 1940 Census.

Representative Party Term Cong–ress Counties[3][4][5] Area Notes
No image.svg John R. Murdock Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
81st-82nd Maricopa Metro Phoenix Redistricted from the At-large district
Lost re-election
JohnRhodes.jpg John J. Rhodes, Jr. Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1967
82nd-89th Retired
January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1983
90th-97th Maricopa (part)
John McCain official portrait 2009.jpg John McCain Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
98th-99th Parts of Metro Phoenix Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Rhodes III AZ-1.png John J. Rhodes III Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
100th-102nd Lost re-election
Sam Coppersmith.jpg Samuel G. Coppersmith Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
103rd Retired to run for U.S. Senate
Matt Salmon, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Matt Salmon Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
104th-106th Retired to run for governor
Jeff Flake, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Jeff Flake Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
107th Redistricted to the 6th district
Rick Renzi, official 109th Congress photo.jpg Rick Renzi Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2009
108th-110th Apache, Gila, Graham, Greenlee, Yavapai, Coconino (part), Navajo (part), Pinal (part) North and East Arizona Retired
Ann Kirkpatrick.jpg Ann Kirkpatrick Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Lost re-election
Paul Gosar Official Portrait c. 2012.jpg Paul Gosar Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th Redistricted to the 4th district
Ann Kirkpatrick.jpg Ann Kirkpatrick Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
113th Apache, Coconino (part), Gila (part), Graham, Greenlee, Maricopa (part Navajo, Pima (part), Pinal (part) First elected in 2012
Arizona's 1st district from 2003 to 2013

Recent election results[edit]

The current 1st District is a new district created after the 2000 census. Prior to the 2002 elections, most of the territory in what is now the 6th District was in the 1st District.

1998[edit]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Matt Salmon 64
  Democratic Party David A. Mendoza 47,667 36

2000[edit]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Jeff Flake 110,472 54
  Democratic Party David A. Mendoza 88,761 43

2002[edit]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Rick Renzi 82,978 49
  Democratic Party George Cordova 77,301 46
  Libertarian Party Edwin Porr 8,684 5

2004[edit]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Rick Renzi 148,315 58.5
  Democratic Party Paul Babbitt 91,776 36.2
  Libertarian Party John Crockett 13,260 5.2

2006[edit]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Rick Renzi 98,243 51.8
  Democratic Party Ellen Simon 82,390 43.4
  Libertarian Party David Schlosser 9,054 4.8

2008[edit]

2008 Arizona Congressional District 1 general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 141,191 55.9%
Republican Sydney Ann Hay 99,672 39.5%
Independent Brent Maupin 8,391 3.3%
Libertarian Thane Eichenauer 3,264 1.3%
Turnout 252,518

2010[edit]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Paul Gosar 99,336 49.7% +10.2
  Democratic Party Ann Kirkpatrick 87,568 43.8% -12.1
  Libertarian Party Nicole Patti 12,888 6.5% +5.2

http://projects.usatoday.com/news/politics/2010/elections/AZ/

2012[edit]

Arizona’s 1st congressional district election, 2012[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 122,774 48.79% +0.91%
Republican Jonathan Paton 113,594 45.14% -4.56%
Libertarian Kim Allen 15,227 6.05% -0.45%
Turnout 251,595
Democratic hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  2. ^ "Can Navajo Nation help rescue endangered Dem Congresswoman?". ABC News. 2010-10-08. 
  3. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1982.
  4. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1989.
  5. ^ Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress
  6. ^ "STATE OF ARIZONA OFFICIAL CANVASS". azsos.gov. December 3, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 

Coordinates: 34°58′16″N 110°43′33″W / 34.97111°N 110.72583°W / 34.97111; -110.72583