Arizona's 1st congressional district
|Arizona's 1st congressional district|
|Current Representative||Ann Kirkpatrick (D–Flagstaff)|
|Distribution||55.4% urban, 44.6% rural|
|Ethnicity||65.8% White, 1.3% Black, 0.5% Asian, 16.4% Hispanic, 22.6% Native American, 7.5% other|
Arizona's 1st congressional district is a congressional district located in the U.S. state of Arizona. Geographically, it is the tenth largest congressional district in the country and includes much of the state outside the Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas.
The district borders were changed after Arizona gained two seats in the 2000 U.S. Census - the old 1st District, based in Mesa and at one time the east side of Phoenix, was renumbered the 6th District. Another area of the 1st District, containing the North Indian Bend Wash Superfund Site that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) first documented in 1981, became part of what is now the 5th District.
After the 2012 redistricting, the Hopi reservation that had previously been contained within the 2nd District was redrawn into the 1st, along with some northern suburbs of Tucson that had been in the 8th; meanwhile, Prescott and surrounding areas of Yavapai County were drawn into the new, heavily Republican 4th district. The district is now considered to be significantly more competitive for Democrats.
- External links
- Map of Congressional Districts first in effect for the 2002 election
- Tentative Final Congressional Map for the 2012 election
This large congressional district covers the mainly rural areas of northern and eastern Arizona. Republicans have a base in Prescott and Yavapai County, while Democrats perform well in Flagstaff, Sedona, and the Navajo Nation among Native Americans. Elections are usually decided by conservative "Pinto Democrats" throughout the rural areas.
George W. Bush received 54% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain also carried the district in 2008 with 54.42% of the vote while Barack Obama received 44.25%. Due to intense competition, it is generally considered a swing district.
During the Super Tuesday, February 5, 2008 Arizona Democratic Primary, the district was won by Hillary Rodham Clinton with 48.49% of the vote while Barack Obama received 42.21% and John Edwards took in 5.01%. In the Arizona Republican Primary, the 1st District was won by McCain with 45.99% while Mitt Romney received 35.20% and Mike Huckabee took in 11.70% of the vote in the district.
|Election results from statewide races|
|2012||President||Romney 50 - 48%|
|2008||President||McCain 54 - 44%|
|2004||President||Bush 54 - 46%|
|2000||President||Bush 51 - 46%|
List of representatives
Arizona transitioned from electing its members of the House from separate districts with the 1948 elections, after using a general ticket since gaining a second seat in the House with the 1940 Census.
|John R. Murdock||Democratic||January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
|81st-82nd||Maricopa||Metro Phoenix||Redistricted from the At-large district
|John J. Rhodes, Jr.||Republican||January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1967
|January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1983
|John McCain||Republican||January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
|98th-99th||Parts of Metro Phoenix||Retired to run for U.S. Senate|
|John J. Rhodes III||Republican||January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
|Samuel G. Coppersmith||Democratic||January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
|103rd||Retired to run for U.S. Senate|
|Matt Salmon||Republican||January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
|104th-106th||Retired to run for governor|
|Jeff Flake||Republican||January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
|107th||Redistricted to the 6th district|
|Rick Renzi||Republican||January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2009
|108th-110th||Apache, Gila, Graham, Greenlee, Yavapai, Coconino (part), Navajo (part), Pinal (part)||North and East Arizona||Retired|
|Ann Kirkpatrick||Democratic||January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
|Paul Gosar||Republican||January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
|112th||Redistricted to the 4th district|
|Ann Kirkpatrick||Democratic||January 3, 2013 –
|113th||Apache, Coconino (part), Gila (part), Graham, Greenlee, Maricopa (part Navajo, Pima (part), Pinal (part)||First elected in 2012|
Recent election results
The current 1st District is a new district created after the 2000 census. Prior to the 2002 elections, most of the territory in what is now the 6th District was in the 1st District.
|Republican Party||Matt Salmon||64|
|Democratic Party||David A. Mendoza||47,667||36|
|Republican Party||Jeff Flake||110,472||54|
|Democratic Party||David A. Mendoza||88,761||43|
|Republican Party||Rick Renzi||82,978||49|
|Democratic Party||George Cordova||77,301||46|
|Libertarian Party||Edwin Porr||8,684||5|
|Republican Party||Rick Renzi||148,315||58.5|
|Democratic Party||Paul Babbitt||91,776||36.2|
|Libertarian Party||John Crockett||13,260||5.2|
|Republican Party||Rick Renzi||98,243||51.8|
|Democratic Party||Ellen Simon||82,390||43.4|
|Libertarian Party||David Schlosser||9,054||4.8|
|2008 Arizona Congressional District 1 general election|
|Republican||Sydney Ann Hay||99,672||39.5%|
|Republican Party||Paul Gosar||99,336||49.7%||+10.2|
|Democratic Party||Ann Kirkpatrick||87,568||43.8%||-12.1|
|Libertarian Party||Nicole Patti||12,888||6.5%||+5.2|
|Arizona’s 1st congressional district election, 2012|
- "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- "Can Navajo Nation help rescue endangered Dem Congresswoman?". ABC News. 2010-10-08.
- Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1982.
- Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1989.
- Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress
- "STATE OF ARIZONA OFFICIAL CANVASS". azsos.gov. December 3, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
- Demographic data from census.gov
- 1998 election data from CNN.com
- 2000 election data from CNN.com
- 2002 Election Data from CBSNews
- 2004 Election Data from CNN.com
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present