Arizona State Route 51
|Maintained by ADOT|
|Length:||16.70 mi (26.88 km)|
|Existed:||1987 – present|
|South end:||I‑10 / Loop 202 in Phoenix|
|North end:||Loop 101 in Phoenix|
State Route 51 (SR 51), also known as the Piestewa Freeway, is a numbered state highway in Phoenix, Arizona. It connects Interstate 10 just outside of Downtown Phoenix with Loop 101 on the north side of Phoenix, making it one of the area's major freeways. It is a largely north–south route and is known for traversing the Piestewa Peak Recreation Area. Rapid growth and increased traffic demand on the east side of Metro Phoenix made the Piestewa Freeway necessary. The freeway was named after Lori Piestewa, the first known Native American woman to die in combat for the U.S. Military. Prior to this time, the freeway was known as the Squaw Peak Parkway, a name considered offensive by many Native Americans.
The freeway was proposed at least as far back as 1955. It was intended to become part of a never-constructed Interstate 510.
The southern terminus of Route 51 is located at an interchange with I-10 and Loop 202 immediately east of downtown Phoenix. It heads north from the interchange through the northern sections of Phoenix. The freeway travels through some major areas of Phoenix, and past some major services such as the Phoenix Children's Hospital, Arizona Heart Hospital and Heart Institute, and the Camelback Colonnade at 20th Street and Camelback Road. The highway then begins to climb to the top of the Dreamy Draw, a mountain passage between Piestewa Peak and North Mountain, before descending into the Paradise Valley area of North Phoenix. It reaches its northern terminus at an interchange with Loop 101 in northern Phoenix.
General Location of National System of Interstate Highways, a 1955 proposal for what would become the Interstate Highway System, included a spur freeway from what would become Interstate 10, proceeding north along a route similar to the modern Piestewa freeway. The road was later designated I-510.
The routing of the freeway later appeared in route logs in 1968 under the designation of State Route 510 and the name Squaw Peak Freeway.
The freeway was originally named the Squaw Peak Parkway. The modern usage of the word squaw, which can be perceived as a derogatory term for Native American women, had led to guidelines from the U.S. Board on Geographic Names that the word should be phased out of the names of natural features. In 2003, Governor Janet Napolitano announced her intent to rename the peak for which the freeway was named. That same year, U.S. Army specialist and Arizona native Lori Piestewa was killed in the 2003 invasion of Iraq. According to U.S. Military records, Piestewa was the first known Native American woman to be killed on foreign soil while serving in combat for the military. As such, Governor Napolitano thought this was an appropriate new name for both the peak and the freeway.
The original five miles (8 km) of the freeway between McDowell Rd and Glendale Ave were constructed by the city of Phoenix (as the Squaw Peak Parkway) between 1986 and 1991. The first overpass to be completed was in 1986 at Osborn Road. In 1987, the bridge over the Grand Canal had been completed, as well as the overpass at McDowell Road and the southbound connector to eastbound I-10. Also completed in 1987 were the overpasses at Colter Street and Missouri Avenue that passed over the freeway. Several more overpasses were completed in 1988 including those located at Indian School Road, Highland Avenue, Camelback Road and Bethany Home Road. Also in 1988, the state established a corridor for the freeway from Glendale Avenue north to Loop 101. In 1989, the bridge over the Arizona Canal was complete, as well as the overpass at Thomas Road. The southbound Route 51 connector ramp to eastbound Loop 202 and the 20th Street overpass were completed in 1990. The city of Phoenix had the freeway completed as far north as Glendale Avenue in 1991. During much of the road's early days in the 1990s, several decorative pots were mounted on top of the noise mitigation walls, which were a source of controversy at the time of their installation due to cost and aesthetics. One resident installed a gold toilet in protest. They were all taken down during the ADOT reconstruction project between McDowell Rd and Shea Blvd in 2000, however.
In 1992, the southern portion was handed over to the Arizona Department of Transportation. Since then, it has been extended to Loop 101 and retrofitted with rubberized asphalt, standardized signage, an additional general purpose lane to create three lanes in each direction, and a new high occupancy vehicle lane up to Loop 101.
Starting in 2007, construction began to widen the Piestewa Freeway between Shea Blvd and the Loop 101 interchange to include a high occupancy vehicle lane in each direction and on ramps to Loop 101 eastbound. Work was completed in the summer of 2008.
||This section contains a table that is missing mileposts for one or more junctions. Please help by .|
|0.00||0.00||–||I‑10 / Loop 202 east – Tucson, Los Angeles, Sky Harbor Airport||Southern terminus|
|2.10||3.38||2||Thomas Road / 20th Street|
|3.17||5.10||3||Indian School Road|
|3.92||6.31||4A||Highland Avenue / Camelback Road||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|4.43||7.13||4A||Colter Street / Camelback Road||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|5.18||8.34||4B||Bethany Home Road|
|6.21||9.99||5||Glendale Avenue / Lincoln Drive|
|26th Street||Southbound entrance only|
|9.63||15.50||8||32nd Street||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|12.11||19.49||11||Thunderbird Road||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|15.18||24.43||14||Union Hills Drive|
|16.70||26.88||15||Loop 101 – Scottsdale, Glendale||Northern terminus; Signed as exits 15A (east) and 15B (west)|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Arizona Department of Transportation. "2008 ADOT Highway Log". Retrieved 2008-04-09.
- William Bright, The Sociolinguistics of the 'S- Word' : 'Squaw' in American Placenames (DOC), University of Colorado, retrieved 2009-12-01
- "Interstate 510". Kurumi.com. Archived from the original on 27 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
- Google Inc. "overview map of SR 51". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&q=phoenix,+az&ie=UTF8&ll=33.551696,-111.962357&spn=0.235764,0.596695&z=11. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- Arizona Department of Transportation (1968-09-30). "Arizona DOT Right-of-Way Resolution 1968-069". Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- Ruelas, Richard (2008-04-24). "Inside the Squaw Peak Storm". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
- Williams, Rudi (2003-05-27). "Army Spc. Lori Piestewa – Honoring a Fallen Hero". Armed Forces Press Service.
- Arizona Department of Transportation. "Arizona State Highway System Bridge Record". Retrieved 2008-04-16.
- "SR 51 to I-10 ramp". National Bridge Inventory. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- Arizona Department of Transportation (1988-06-17). "Arizona DOT Right-of-Way Resolution 1988-06-A-058". Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "SR 51 to Loop 202 ramp". National Bridge Inventory. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- "Fifteen years after the Squaw Peak Pots debacle, the Phoenix art community rallies around a public-art project". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved 2008-04-13.
- Arizona Department of Transportation (1992-02-21). "Arizona DOT Right-of-Way Resolution 1992-02-A-012". Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- Arizona Department of Transportation. "State Route 51 (Piestewa Freeway)". Archived from the original on 8 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-09.