Arjun Munda

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Arjun Munda
Arjun-Munda.jpg
2nd Chief Minister of Jharkhand
In office
11 September 2010 – 8 January 2013
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by President's Rule
Succeeded by President's Rule
In office
12 March 2005 – 14 September 2006
Preceded by Shibu Soren
Succeeded by Madhu Koda
In office
18 March 2003 – 2 March 2005
Preceded by Babulal Marandi
Succeeded by Shibu Soren
Personal details
Born (1968-05-03) 3 May 1968 (age 46)
Khrangajhar, Jamshedpur, India
Nationality Indian
Spouse(s) Mrs. Meera Munda
Residence Jamshedpur
Religion Hindu
Website arjunmunda.in

Arjun Munda (born 3 May 1968 in Khrangajhar, Jamshedpur) is the Ex-Chief Minister of the Indian State of Jharkhand. Currently he is the Leader of Opposition in the State Assembly. He has also served as a member of parliament having been elected to the 15th Lok Sabha from the prestigious Jamshedpur constituency in the 2009 parliamentary elections. BJP's central leadership also appointed him a National General Secretary of the party recognising his strong credentials as a popular mass leader and his significant contributions in strengthening the party in his state.

An avid golfer Arjun Munda is also interested in promoting archery at national and international levels. He plays flute and almost all tribal musical instruments widely used in the area with the flare of a pro. A multi-linguist he speaks English, Hindi, Bengali, Oriya, and several tribal languages and dialects of the region like Santhali, Mundari, Ho, Oraon, Sadri, and others with élan and authority. .

Early life[edit]

Arjun Munda was born on 3 May 1968 in Khrangajhar, Jamshedpur to a humble and religious family of Late Ganesh and Saira Munda. After completing high school education in Jamshedpur area he graduated from Ranchi University and went on to earn a PG Diploma in Social Sciences from Indira Gandhi National Open University.

Political career[edit]

He began his political career in his teens during early 80s when he joined the Jharkhand movement[1] spearheaded by Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) which sought to create a separate state for tribals from the southern regions of Bihar. A hard core believer in the welfare of indigenous people of his region he felt passionate about the issue and took active part in the movement. Soon his political influence grew due to his inclusive philosophy and he got elected to the Bihar Legislative Assembly from Kharsawan constituency in 1995 on a JMM ticket.

NDA strongly espoused the cause of Jharkhand and made a promise that if elected they would create the tribal state of Jharkhand. Arjun Munda got attracted to BJP's ideology[2] of selfless nation building and sacrifice. He believed in its policy of championing the cause of Jharkhand and joined BJP. He got elected again to the Bihar Assembly in 2000 elections contesting on a BJP ticket from his old constituency of Kharsawan that he had been nurturing for many years. After Jharkhand's formation he got elected to the Jharkhand Assembly from the same constituency in 2005 and again in the 2011 bye-election after assuming responsibility as the CM in September 2010.

When NDA government came to power in 1999 under the leadership of Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee it kept its promise and created Jharkhand along with Uttarakhand and Chhatisgarh as three new States of the Indian Union. Arjun Munda became the Tribal Welfare Minister in the 1st Babulal Marandi-led NDA coalition government of Jharkhand which was carved out from Bihar on 15 November 2000. As welfare minister he crafted many policies and programs to ameliorate the lot of the poor and downtrodden. His vision, his work ethic and his performance matrix soon catapulted him to the top leadership grade and his popularity and support base soared meteorically. His inclusive philosophy and his commitment to Jharkhand's high growth and development put him in the CM's chair in 2003 at the young age of 35 when he was chosen as the consensus candidate to lead the State in the aftermath of Babulal Marandi's divisive domicile policy.[3] [4] [5] [6]

Major Achievements[edit]

Arjun Munda diffused the tension that was created due to "Domicile movement"[7] during the year 2001–2002 and insisted that each and every citizen of India had the fundamental right granted by the Indian Constitution to live and work in any part of the country. During his tenure Jharkhand got the 1st Lokayukta and the State successfully conducted the 34th National Games in 2011. Also, a 32-year long jinx was broken when Jharkhand scripted history by conducting Panchayat Elections and empowered PRIs for participatory governance. His government introduced e-tender system in government contracts to bring transparency and efficiency and to provide equal opportunity in the procurement process. He also took initiatives for setting up of new power plants with a view to making Jharkhand a power surplus state. Last but not the least he introduced some of the famous welfare schemes and programs that were later emulated by few other Indian states such as:[8]

  • Kanyadan Yojana: To provide assistance in solemnising marriages of girls from underprivileged classes.
  • Mukhya Mantri Laxmi Ladli Yojana:[9] To promote welfare of the girl child born to a BPL family and APL families having an annual income of less than Rs. 72,000, her education and safe motherhood.
  • Aapka-cm: The Grievance Management System was established to enable people to communicate directly with their CM and voice their grievances to the State leadership for prompt consideration and redressal.
  • Mukhya Mantri Dal Bhat Yojna: To provide wholesome food and nutrition to the poorest sections of society. Under this scheme, BPL families get dal, bhat and sabji for Rs 5 at railway stations, bus stands, hospitals and public places.
  • Free Laptop/Tablet: To prepare the youth to face challenges of the 21st century tablets were to be given to students passing matriculation examinations under Yuwa Kaushal Vikas Scheme launched in 2013.

References[edit]

Preceded by
Babulal Marandi
Chief Minister of Jharkhand
18 March 2003 – 2 March 2005
Succeeded by
Shibu Soren
Preceded by
Shibu Soren
Chief Minister of Jharkhand
12 March 2005 – 8 September 2006
Succeeded by
Madhu Koda
Preceded by
President Rule
(1 June 2010 – 10 September 2010)
Chief Minister of Jharkhand
11 September 2010 – 8 January 2013
Succeeded by
President Rule