|Member of the Sri Lanka Parliament
for Kalutara District
22 April 2010
December 1, 1963 |
Gampaha, Dominion of Ceylon
|Political party||Democratic National Alliance|
|Alma mater||Ananda College|
|Full name||Arjuna Ranatunga|
1 December 1963 |
Gampaha, Dominion of Ceylon
|Height||5 ft 8 in (1.73 m)|
|Bowling style||Right-arm medium|
|Domestic team information|
|1982–2001||Sinhalese Sports Club|
Arjuna Ranatunga (Sinhala:අර්ජුන රණතුංග; born 1 December 1963) is a Sri Lankan politician, former international cricketer and cricket administrator. He served as the captain of the Sri Lankan cricket team for much of the 1990s, and the team won the 1996 Cricket World Cup under his leadership. He is the serving member of the Parliament of Sri Lanka from Kalutara District.
A specialist left-handed batsman and part-time medium pace bowler, Ranatunga's career with the Sri Lankan national team began in 1983, when Sri Lanka were relative newcomers to international cricket and did not perform well against the well-established teams. He became an important player in the middle order of Sri Lanka's batting. Under Ranatunga's captaincy, Sri Lanka began to play more aggressively in both ODI and Test cricket the mid-'90s. Their growing success rate culminated with a dominating performance and triumph in the 1996 Cricket World Cup. Although some of his actions caused some controversy, Ranatunga was praised for his leadership in raising a team long regarded as underdogs to the status of world champions.
Upon retirement from playing cricket, Ranatunga became influential in the administration of cricket in Sri Lanka and entered politics, joining the People's Alliance and winning election to the Sri Lankan parliament. He served a tenure as deputy minister for tourism, and later served as the president of Sri Lanka Cricket until December 2008. He joined the Democratic National Alliance in 2010.
- 1 Early days
- 2 First-class and Test debuts
- 3 Sri Lankan captaincy
- 4 Controversies
- 5 1996 World Cup
- 6 Final cricketing days
- 7 Political Career
- 8 Career highlights
- 9 Career centuries
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 Notes
- 13 External links
Ranatunga comes from Gampaha, a town twenty miles north of Colombo. He, along with his brothers, studied at Ananda College Colombo where his mother was a teacher. Arjuna's cricketing career started and was carefully nurtured at school. He played cricket for both the junior and senior teams Ananda College.
First-class and Test debuts
A left-handed batsman and useful right arm medium pace bowler, Ranatunga made his first-class debut in 1981 at the age of eighteen and a year later played in Sri Lanka's inaugural Test match. In this match he became the first Sri Lankan to score a Test half century.
Sri Lankan captaincy
Ranatunga went on to captain Sri Lanka in 1988, taking control of the national team for the next 11 years, transforming it from a weak, routinely defeated team into a competitive and successful unit. He led the team to their greatest cricketing triumph, 1996 World Cup. His innovative captaincy took a Sri Lanka team, given little chance prior to the competition, for cricket's greatest prize. His strategies was commended by many cricketing greats and followed by other teams. He was the brain behind the strategy of scoring as many runs as possible in the first 15 overs of an ODI match in which there are field restrictions. This strategy was perfectly executed by Sanath Jayasuriya. This strategy was still followed by the batsmen in the Powerplays. He was widely recognised as a belligerent leader and was famous for defending his players at all costs regardless of what they did.
Ranatunga's weight was also notable for being considered excessive for a professional athlete. It gave rise to an incident during a game played in humid conditions when he called for a runner, claiming that he had "sprained something"; opposition (Australian) wicket-keeper Ian Healy responded with an insulting comment, falling under what is categorized in cricket as a "sledge", which was picked up by the stump microphones and broadcast live on television. Ranatunga was known for controversially calling a runner during long innings due to his level of fitness. After the second final of the One Day triangular series in Australia in the 1995/6 season, when the incident with Healy occurred, Ranatunga instructed his players not to shake the Australian players' hands. During this match, Sanath Jayasuriya and Australian paceman Glenn McGrath were also involved in physical jostling; Jayasuriya accused McGrath of racially abusing him, a claim that the bowler denied.
Defence of Muralitharan
Ranatunga is also remembered for his stand in a One Day International against England. Australian Umpire Ross Emerson called Muttiah Muralitharan for throwing. (Muralitharan was subsequently cleared by bio-mechanical experts hired by the ICC.) Ranatunga exchanged heated words with umpire Emerson and led his team to a point just inside the boundary line, halting play and giving the impression that he was about to forfeit the match, until the Sri Lankan management conferred with him and play resumed. English captain, Alec Stewart, was openly critical of Ranatunga's behaviour. In a comment caught on the stump microphone he was heard to say to Ranatunga "Your conduct today has been appalling for a country's captain". The match was bad-tempered, with instances of shoulder-bumping.
Wrangles with Warne
He is noted also for his repeated intense criticism of the Australian team, especially his long-standing rivalry with Shane Warne. While this saw him a maligned figure among the Australian public, who ridiculed his brinkmanship, his ability to lead the long-standing minnows of world cricket to a World Cup win, over Australia in the final, is arguably one of the greatest displays of captaincy in the history of cricket. Australia was renowned for intimidating its opponents, and Ranatunga's ability to take on and rattle the team of renowned sledgers inspired his players to stand up to them in an era in which few other sides could.
During the 1996 World Cup, Ranatunga claimed that Warne was overrated, and during the final, Warne misexecuted a flipper, which turned into a full toss. Ranatunga pulled it over the boundary for the six and then stuck his tongue out at Warne. During the 1999 World Cup, Warne wrote a column calling Ranatunga a "disgrace". The Sri Lankan shot back by referring to his country's cultural heritage and then mocking Australia over convict settlement.
In 2005, Warne mocked Ranatunga's rotund figure, which had become more ample since his retirement, suggesting that he had swallowed a sheep.
There has always been between Warne and Ranatunga a grudging mutual admiration. When the former visited Sri Lanka in the aftermath of the 2004 tsunami to aid Muralitharan in his "great work" there, he developed an amiable rapport with his long-time foe: "We even wagged," he confirmed later. Not long after, however, Ranatunga was lambasting him in a scathing newspaper attack.
"You can't be mates with everyone," Warne wrote in his 2008 book Shane Warne's Century, serialised by The Times in September, "and if there was any way I could knock him down to number 101 for the purposes of this book, I'd be delighted to do so. But having taken on the task, I want to do it seriously, and the fact is that Ranatunga helped to put Sri Lanka on the cricket map. And you know what? Deep down, I'll quietly admit that I rated him as a cricketer."
1996 World Cup
The Sri Lankan national team were considered perpetual underdogs but this image changed completely during the 1996 Cricket World Cup, when Sri Lanka defeated tournament favourites Australia to win it under the captaincy of Ranatunga. This victory, for which Ranatunga was a pivotal part both as batsman and captain, started a new era of Sri Lankan competitiveness on the global stage; they had previously never passed the group stage of a world cup.
Final cricketing days
In June 2000, Ranatunga played in Sri Lanka's 100th Test match, becoming the only player to represent his country in their first and hundredth Test.
Ranatunga lost the national team captaincy in 1999 after Sri Lanka's poor showing at the World Cup in England, although he was chosen as one of five Wisden Cricketers of the Year for that year. He retired from playing cricket in 2001.
He entered into politics by joining the PA led by Chandrika Kumaratunga. Later, he was the Deputy Minister of Tourism for Sri Lanka. In 2010, Ranatunga left PA and joined DNA endorsing Presidential Candidate Sarath Fonseka. After a rift with party leader Fonseka, on September 2012, he resigned from the party.
- Ranatunga's highest Test batting score of 135 not out was made against Pakistan, Colombo, 1985–1986
- His best Test bowling effort of 2 for 17 came against New Zealand, Kandy, 1983–1984
- Ranatunga's captaincy record was as follows: 56 matches, 12 wins, 19 losses, 25 draws.
- His highest ODI batting score of 131 not out was made against India, Colombo, 1997
- Ranatunga's best bowling figures of 4 for 14 came against India at Kanpur in 1986–1987
- His captaincy record was as follows: 193 matches, 89 wins, 95 losses, 1 tie, 8 no result
- Until New Zealand's Stephen Fleming overtook him in October 2006 at the ICC Champions Trophy, Ranatunga held the record for captaining the most ODI matches.
The following table illustrates a summary of the Test centuries scored by Arjuna Ranatunga
- the column , * indicates being not out
- The column title Match refers to the Match Number of the player's career
|Test Centuries of Arjuna Ranatunga|
|||111||10||India||Colombo, Sri Lanka||Sinhalese Sports Club Ground||1985|
|||135*||18||Pakistan||Colombo, Sri Lanka||P. Saravanamuttu Stadium||1986|
|||127||34||Australia||Colombo, Sri Lanka||Sinhalese Sports Club Ground||1992|
|||131||43||South Africa||Moratuwa, Sri Lanka||Tyronne Fernando Stadium||1993|
One Day International centuries
|ODI Centuries of Arjuna Ranatunga|
|||101*||153||Pakistan||Durban, South Africa||Kingsmead||1994|
|||102*||166||Pakistan||Gujranwala, Pakistan||Municipal Stadium||1995|
|||131*||215||India||Colombo, Sri Lanka||R. Premadasa Stadium||1997|
|||102||240||New Zealand||Colombo, Sri Lanka||Sinhalese Sports Club Ground||1998|
- Warne, Shane. "Shane Warne's Century: Ranatunga looked like he had swallowed a sheep." The Times, 27 September 2008.
- Shenton, A. "Ranatunga's Unique Achievement", The Cricket Statistician, No. 113, Spring 2001. Association of Cricket Statisticians and Historians; West Bridgford, Nottingham
- "Ranatunga takes up Sri Lanka post". BBC News. 2 January 2008. Retrieved 2010-04-25.
- "Arjuna Ranatunga". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 Oct 2013.
- "World Cup final: A history of tension". The Australian. 27 April 2007.
- "ICC biomechanical expert says Murali was right". Cricinfo.com. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- "The ugly face of cricket (24 January 1999)". Content-uk.cricinfo.com. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- "Warne is a liability, claims Arjuna". The Sydney Morning Herald. 19 February 2004.
- "Warne charged by ICC over his comments". CNN. 15 May 1999.
- Warne 2008.
- The book details Warne's selection of the 100 greatest players of his time. Ranatunga found himself at 93.
- Shenton, p.9.
- "Ceylon Today | 'SF, the only person who can rescue the country'". Ceylontoday.lk. 25 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- "Arjuna Ranatunga joins Gen Fonseka". Sundaytimes.lk. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- "Arjuna, Tiran also to boycott SF rally?". Dwww.adaderana.lk. 18 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- "Ceylon Today | MP Ranatunga resigns from DP". Ceylontoday.lk. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- "Tell Bandula – Glass Box". Adaderana.lk. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- "Resignation not valid: SF | Breaking News". Dailymirror.lk. 11 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- "Arjuna resigns from SF’s party". Dailymirror.lk. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-16.
- Cricinfo profile on Arjuna Ranatunga
- HowSTAT! statistical profile on Arjuna Ranatunga
- 1st Asian International Sportsman ever to address the Oxford Union
|Sri Lankan Test and ODI Captain