Arkansas's 1st congressional district

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Arkansas's 1st congressional district
Arkansas-first-congressional-district-2013.svg
Current Representative Rick Crawford (RJonesboro)
Area 17,521 mi² (45,379 km²)
Distribution 44.5% urban, 55.5% rural
Population (2000) 668,360
Median income $28,940
Ethnicity 80.2% White, 16.6% Black, 0.3% Asian, 1.9% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.9% other
Occupation 35% blue collar, 48.8% white collar, 16.2% gray collar
Cook PVI R+14[1]

Arkansas's 1st congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in northeastern and part of southeastern Arkansas that elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives.

It is currently represented by Republican Rick Crawford.

Geography[edit]

2003-2013[edit]

The district from 2003 to 2013

Before the 2012 census, it was only in northeastern Arkansas, encompassing the counties of Arkansas, Baxter, Clay, Cleburne, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Fulton, Greene, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lonoke, Mississippi, Monroe, Phillips, Poinsett, Prairie, Randolph, Saint Francis, Searcy, Sharp, Stone, and Woodruff.

2013-2023[edit]

The district took in additional counties in the southeastern portion that were part of the 4th district which in turn took the entire eastern Arkansas border. It fully encompasses the counties of Arkansas, Baxter, Chicot, Clay, Cleburne, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Desha, Fulton, Greene, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lincoln, Lonoke, Mississippi, Monroe, Phillips, Poinsett, Prairie, Randolph, Saint Francis, Searcy, Sharp, Stone, and Woodruff. The district also encompasses parts of Jefferson county.

Character[edit]

The Mississippi Delta has long been home to American industrial agriculture, with cotton, rice and soybeans by far the biggest export from the region. The 1st District covers most of the Arkansas Delta area and stretches as far west to the Ozarks. The farming areas, despite their fertility, are generally poor by national standards, with unemployment and undereducation as some of the greatest problems. Rice farms are the amongst the greatest recipients of federal farming subsidization - and three of the top five subsidy farms in the United States are in the 1st District, receiving over $100 million since 1996.

Some manufacturing has been sited in the region recently, with several auto parts factories being built in Marion and Toyota considering it as the site for its seventh North American plant.

Jonesboro is the largest town, home to a sizable food processing industry with companies such as Nestle and Frito-Lay sited here. Jonesboro is also home to Arkansas State University (ASU)-Jonesboro. While Jonesboro itself sports a Republican trend, along with some of the hill counties, it is balanced by the strong Democratic presence in the African American-dominated Mississippi River Delta. The result is a fairly closely divided vote in national politics. While Al Gore narrowly carried the district in 2000 with 50% of the vote, George W. Bush won the district in 2004. The district swung even more Republican in 2008, giving John McCain 58.69% of the vote while Barack Obama received 38.41% here.

Voting[edit]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
2012 President Romney 61 - 36%
2008 President McCain 59 - 38%
2004 President Bush 52 - 47%
2000 President Gore 50 - 48%

List of representatives[edit]

The district was created in 1853 after the 1850 United States Census added a second seat to the state. The at-large seat then was split between this district and the second district.

Representative Party Year Notes
District created March 4, 1853
No image.svg Alfred B. Greenwood Democratic March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1859
Hindman, Thomas Carmichael, 1828-1868-full.jpg Thomas C. Hindman Democratic March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1861
Civil War and Reconstruction
No image.svg Logan H. Roots Republican June 22, 1868 – March 3, 1871
No image.svg James M. Hanks Democratic March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873
No image.svg Asa Hodges Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
LCGause.jpg Lucien C. Gause Democratic March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1879
No image.svg Poindexter Dunn Democratic March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1889
No image.svg William H. Cate Democratic March 4, 1889 – March 5, 1890 Lost contested election
No image.svg Lewis P. Featherstone Labor March 5, 1890 – March 3, 1891 Won contested election
No image.svg William H. Cate Democratic March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1893
No image.svg Philip D. McCulloch, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1903
No image.svg Robert B. Macon Democratic March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1913
Thaddeus H. Caraway.jpg Thaddeus H. Caraway Democratic March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1921
No image.svg William J. Driver Democratic March 4, 1921 – January 3, 1939
Ezekiel Gathings.jpg Ezekiel C. Gathings Democratic January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1969
William Alexander, Jr.jpg Bill Alexander, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1993
Lincoln-portrait-2007.jpg Blanche Lincoln Democratic January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1997
Rep Marion Berry.jpg Marion Berry Democratic January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2011
Rick Crawford, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Rick Crawford Republican January 5, 2011 – Present Incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 

Coordinates: 35°17′38″N 91°15′30″W / 35.29389°N 91.25833°W / 35.29389; -91.25833