Arkansas Highway 1

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Highway 1 marker

Highway 1
Route information
Maintained by AHTD
Length: 159.88 mi[1] (257.30 km)
Existed: 1926 – present
Major junctions
South end: US 278 in McGehee
  US 65 / US 165 in McGehee
US 165 at Back Gate
US 49 in Marvell
US 79 in Marianna
US 70 in Forrest City
I‑40 in Forrest City
US 64 in Wynne
Future I‑555 / US 49 / US 63 in Jonesboro
North end: Route BB, Missouri state line
Location
Counties: Desha, Arkansas, Monroe, Phillips, Lee, St. Francis, Cross, Poinsett, Craighead, Greene, Clay
Highway system
Hwy. 980 Hwy. 2

Highway 1 (AR 1, Ark. 1, and Hwy. 1) is a north–south state highway in east Arkansas. The route of 159.88 miles (257.30 km) runs from US Route 278 (US 278) in McGehee north to Supplemental Route BB at the Missouri state line.[2] One of the original 1926 state highways, Highway 1 has remained very close to its original routing.[3] The highway contains an overlap of approximately 50 miles (80 km) with U.S. Route 49.

Route description[edit]

McGehee to Back Gate[edit]

Arkansas Highway 1 begins at U.S. Route 278 in downtown McGehee and runs northwest (along the Union Pacific Railroad tracks) for three blocks before turning northeast at an intersection with Hwy. 159.[4] The highway continues across US 65/US 165 and exits town in a northeastern direction, passing McGehee High School. Hwy. 1 meets Arkansas Highway 4, which runs south to Arkansas City before curving north to Rohwer, which was a Japanese American internment camp during World War II.[5] Hwy. 1 passes the Kemp Cotton Gin Historic District, Rowher Relocation Center, and Rohwer Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery. Continuing north, Hwy. 1 ceases following the railroad at Watson and runs west to Back Gate, where a concurrency with US 165 begins.

DeWitt to Wynne[edit]

Highway 1 in Marvell, AR

Entering Arkansas County, the routes pass through Gillett and rural Arkansas County.[6] In south De Witt Hwy. 1 splits east from US 165 and Hwy. 1 Business.[7] Hwy. 1 bypasses southeast De Witt, and after reconnecting with Hwy. 1B continues northeast. Hwy. 1 runs east through St. Charles before entering Monroe County. Hwy. 1 Spur enters St. Charles, and terminates near the site of the Battle of Saint Charles on the White River.[8]

Arkansas Highway 1 enters southern Monroe County briefly. At Cross Roads, Hwy. 1 is the southern terminus of Hwy. 17.[9] On the Monroe/Phillips County line, Hwy. 1 has a junction with Arkansas Highway 39 and Arkansas Highway 316. The route continues northeast to Marvell, where Hwy. 1 concurs with U.S. Route 49 east to Walnut Corner.[10] At the corner, Hwy. 1 turns north past the Richardson-Turner House and enters Lee County. The route has a junction with Hwy. 121 at Cypress Corner and continues north to Marianna.[11]

In Marianna, Highway 1 breaks west from Hwy. 1 Business, which runs downtown through Marianna. After Hwy. 1B rejoins the main route, there is a 0.2 miles (0.32 km) concurrency north with U.S. Route 79.[12] Further north, Hwy. 1 passes Lee County Senior High and becomes four lane briefly until Forrest City.[1] Upon entering St. Francis County, Hwy. 1 enters Forrest City. The business route runs downtown, while the main route skirts the southwest edge of town. There is a parclo interchange with U.S. Route 70 and an interchange with Interstate 40.[13] The business route meets Hwy. 1 in north Forrest City, and Hwy. 1 enters Caldwell and Colt before entering Cross County.[14] South of Caldwell, Hwy. 1 is near the historic Little Telico Creek Bridge, listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Wynne to Missouri[edit]

Hwy. 1 enters Wynne in Cross County. The highway has a junction with US 64, Hwy. 284, Hwy. 980, and US 64 Business, and also passes near Wynne High School.[15] The highway continues north to Vanndale and Cherry Valley before entering Poinsett County.[15] The route passes through marshes in southern Poinsett County before entering Harrisburg. Throughout the county, Hwy. 1 is paralleled by Hwy. 163 approximately 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the east and US 49 approximately 10 miles (16 km) to the west, with the Union Pacific Railroad also near.[16] Hwy. 1 passes the Bacon Hotel in south Poinsett County near Whitehall, and also passes the historic Modern News Building in downtown Harrisburg.

Entering Craighead County, Hwy. 1 enters Jonesboro from the south. After intersecting Hwy. 163, the route intersects US 49/U.S. Route 63 (future Interstate 555).[17][18] Highway 1 becomes concurrent north with US 49 (and later US 62) until Piggott

The route leaves US 62 (Crowley's Ridge Parkway) in Piggott and runs east to Missouri supplemental route BB near Holcomb, Missouri, where the route terminates.[2]

History[edit]

Highway 1E marker
Highway 1W marker
Markers for former designations

The route now known as Hwy. 1 first appears as a state highway in 1924, when the Arkansas General Assembly first created a state highway system. Arkansas State Road B-1 ran from the Louisiana state line near Wilmot north into Missouri, and was mostly unpaved.[19] Upon creation of the U.S. Route system in 1925, the north and south portions of the highway were replaced by U.S. Route 67 and U.S. Route 165, respectively, shaping a more familiar Hwy. 1 routing.[20] Arkansas followed the trend to number in 1926, and B-1 became Arkansas Highway 1. The route remains very true to that original course today. The route was split apart in 1941 into Hwy. 1 East and Hwy. 1 West segments from Paragould north.[21] Hwy. 1 East continued north through Marmaduke and Rector. Hwy. 1 West traveled into Corning. By 1955, Hwy. 1W became Arkansas Highway 135, and Hwy. 1E became Hwy. 1.[22] US 49 overlapped Highway 1 from Jonesboro to Piggott in 1978.[23]

Major intersections[edit]

Mile markers reset at concurrencies.

County Location Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
Desha McGehee 0.0 0.0 US 278 to US 65 – Arkansas City, Monticello Southern terminus
0.3 0.5 Hwy. 159 north Hwy. 159 southern terminus
0.8 1.3 Hwy. 1Y to US 65 / US 165
  10.0 16.1 Hwy. 4 west
Kelso 14.7 23.7 Hwy. 138 west – Winchester Hwy. 138 eastern terminus
Pea Ridge 27.5 44.3 Hwy. 277 south Hwy. 277 northern terminus
Back Gate 30.8 49.6 US 165 – Arkansas Post National Memorial
Gap in route
Arkansas De Witt 0.0 0.0 US 165 / Great River Road south – Dumas, Stuttgart
0.2 0.3 Hwy. 130 west / Hwy. 1B north (South Monroe Street) – De Witt Business District Hwy. 1B southern terminus
2.0 3.2 Hwy. 1B south (East 2nd Street) – De Witt Hwy. 1B northern terminus
  6.0 9.7 Hwy. 153 south to Hwy. 17 Southern end of Hwy. 153 overlap
  10.2 16.4 Hwy. 153 north – Crocketts Bluff Northern end of Hwy. 153 overlap
St. Charles 14.2 22.9 Hwy. 17 south – Ethel
15.6 25.1 Hwy. 1S north – St. Charles Hwy. 1S southern terminus
Monroe Cross Roads 21.5 34.6 Hwy. 17 north – Holly Grove
  26.2 42.2 Hwy. 39 north / Hwy. 316 north / Great River Road north – Turner, Watkins Corner
Phillips   31.6 50.9 Hwy. 318 south – Cypert Hwy. 318 northern terminus
Marvell 34.3 55.2 US 49 north – Brinkley Southern end of US 49 overlap
See US 49 (mile 21.52–12.48)
Walnut Corner 0.0 0.0 US 49 south / Hwy. 85 south to Hwy. 44 – Helena-West Helena, Delta Cultural Center Northern end of US 49 overlap
Lexa Junction 3.1 5.0 Hwy. 242 east / CR 258 west – Lexa Hwy. 242 western terminus
Lee Cypress Corner 7.1 11.4 Hwy. 121 – Rondo, LaGrange
  11.2 18.0 Hwy. 243 south – Rondo Hwy. 243 northern terminus
Marianna 14.0 22.5 Hwy. 1B north (Alabama South) – Marianna Business District, Mississippi River State Park
15.5 24.9 US 79 south / Hwy. 1B south / Great River Road south (West Chestnut) – Pine Bluff, Marianna Business District, Mississippi River State Park Southern end of US 79 overlap
0.0 0.0 US 79 north / Great River Road north – Hughes Northern end of US 79 overlap
  1.8 2.9 Hwy. 243 south Hwy. 243 northern terminus
Felton 2.6 4.2 Hwy. 121 north – Holub Hwy. 121 southern terminus
Haynes Hwy. 131 north – Lee County WMA
St. Francis   12.7 20.4 Hwy. 1B north – Wynne, Forrest City Hwy. 1B southern terminus
Forrest City 16.5 26.6 US 70 – Forrest City, Palestine
  18.6 29.9 I‑40 east – Brinkley, Little Rock, Memphis I-40 exit 239
Forrest City 21.2 34.1 Hwy. 1B south – Forrest City Hwy. 1B northern terminus
Caldwell 22.5 36.2 Hwy. 261 south Hwy. 261 eastern terminus
Colt 26.5 42.6 Hwy. 306 (Old Military Road)
Cross Wilkins 28.8 46.3 Hwy. 350 west to Hwy. 284
Wynne 33.1 53.3 Hwy. 284 west (Union Avenue) – Business District, Cross County Museum Southern end of Hwy. 284 overlap
33.3 53.6 US 64B east / Hwy. 284 east (Hamilton Avenue) – Village Creek State Park Northern end of Hwy. 284 overlap
33.7 54.2 Hwy. 980 east (Bridges Avenue) To Wynne Municipal Airport
35.2 56.6 US 64 east – Memphis, West Memphis Southern end of US 64 overlap
0.0 0.0 US 64 west / US 64S south – Bald Knob Northern end of US 64 overlap
  4.3 6.9 Hwy. 364 / Hwy. 1B east – Tilton, Vanndale Hwy. 1B western terminus
  5.1 8.2 Hwy. 1B west – Vanndale Hwy. 1B eastern terminus
Cherry Valley 11.0 17.7 Hwy. 42 / Hwy. 1B north – Hickory Ridge, Cherry Valley, Arkansas State Veterans Cemetery
12.0 19.3 Hwy. 1B south – Cherry Valley Business District Hwy. 1B northern terminus
Poinsett   16.4 26.4 Hwy. 214 west – Fisher Hwy. 214 eastern terminus
Harrisburg 21.5 34.6 Hwy. 322 west Hwy. 322 eastern terminus
22.7 36.5 Hwy. 14 (Jackson Street) – Newport, Marked Tree, Trumann
  28.7 46.2 Hwy. 158 east Hwy. 158 western terminus
Craighead Jonesboro 37.7 60.7 Hwy. 1B north / Hwy. 163 south (Harrisburg Road) to Hwy. 69 Hwy. 1B southern terminus, Hwy. 163 northern terminus
38.0 61.2 Hwy. 163S south (Apt Drive)
40.1 64.5 US 49 south / US 63 – Hoxie, Memphis interchange; Southern end of US 49 overlap
See US 49 (mile 128.40–182.33)
Clay Piggott US 62 west – Corning, Piggott Business District Northern end of US 49 overlap; southern end of US 62 overlap
  Hwy. 139 south – Holly Island
  0.0 0.0 US 62 east – St. Francis, Sikeston, MO Northern end of US 62 overlap
  5.0 8.0 Route BB – Holcomb Northern terminus; Missouri state line (St. Francis River bridge)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Business routes[edit]

Exit for Hwy. 1B from I-40 in Forrest City

Arkansas Highway 1 has six business routes and one spur route.[1] As cities have grown, bypasses have become necessary, and the former downtown alignments of Hwy. 1 have become the business routes discussed here. The St. Charles spur route terminates at the site of the Civil War Battle of Saint Charles upon the White River. The Forrest City business route intersects major routes U.S. Route 70 and Interstate 40.[13] De Witt, Marianna, Vanndale, and Cherry Valley all have business routes of less than 3.0 miles (4.8 km).[1] The Jonesboro business route is the longest, and intersects future Interstate 555.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Planning and Research Division (April 2010). "[Arkansas] State Highways 2009" (ZIP) (Database). Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. Retrieved June 3, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (February 11, 2010) (PDF). General Highway Map: Clay County, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/ClayCounty.pdf. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
  3. ^ Arkansas State Highway Commission (1926). State Highway System of the State of Arkansas (Map) (1926 original ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/planning_research/mapping_graphics/archived_tourist_maps/archived_tourist_maps.aspx. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
  4. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (July 2010) (PDF). Map of McGehee, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/cities/mcgehee_city.pdf. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  5. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (September 7, 2010) (PDF). General Highway Map: Desha County, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/DeshaCounty.pdf. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  6. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (January 8, 2010) (PDF). General Highway Map: Arkansas County, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/ArkansasCounty.pdf. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  7. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (May 2003) (PDF). Map of De Witt, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/cities/dewitt_city.pdf. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  8. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (April 2003) (PDF). Map of St. Charles, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/cities/stcharles_city.pdf. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  9. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (May 2, 2000) (PDF). General Highway Map: Monroe County, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/MonroeCounty.pdf. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  10. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (August 9, 2007) (PDF). General Highway Map: Phillips County, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/PhillipsCounty.pdf. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  11. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (December 29, 2008) (PDF). General Highway Map: Lee County, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/LeeCounty.pdf. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  12. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (April 2003) (PDF). Map of Marianna, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/cities/marianna_city.pdf. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  13. ^ a b Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (October 2010) (PDF). Map of Forrest City, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/cities/forrestcity_city.pdf. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  14. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (August 13, 2008) (PDF). General Highway Map: St. Francis County, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/StFrancisCounty.pdf. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  15. ^ a b Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (July 11, 2007) (PDF). General Highway Map: Cross County, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/CrossCounty.pdf. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  16. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (November 20, 2009) (PDF). General Highway Map: Poinsett County, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/PoinsettCounty.pdf. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  17. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department (November 12, 2009) (PDF). General Highway Map: Craighead County, Arkansas (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/CraigheadCounty.pdf. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
  18. ^ "Putting the 'Future' in I-555". Jonesboro, Hwy. : KAIT-TV. March 21, 2007. Retrieved March 5, 2009. 
  19. ^ Arkansas State Highway Department (December 31, 1924). Map of State of Arkansas Showing System of Primary and Secondary Federal Aid Roads and Connecting State Roads and Progress of Improvements (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/planning_research/mapping_graphics/archived_tourist_maps/1924B.tif. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
  20. ^ Arkansas State Highway Department (1926). Map of State of Arkansas showing System of State Highways (Map). http://www.arkansashighways.com/planning_research/mapping_graphics/archived_tourist_maps/1926A.tif. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
  21. ^ Arkansas State Highway Commission (1947) (PDF). General Highway and Transportation Map, Greene County, Arkansas (Map). ftp://ftp.geostor.arkansas.gov/geostor_raster_02/AHTD_MAP_SERIES/HISTORIC/Greene_County/Greene_1947.pdf. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
  22. ^ Arkansas State Highway Commission. General Highway Map, Greene County, Arkansas (Map) (1955 ed.). ftp://ftp.geostor.arkansas.gov/geostor_raster_02/AHTD_MAP_SERIES/HISTORIC/Greene_County/mgree_1955.pdf. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
  23. ^ Arkansas State Highway Commission. 1979 Traffic Volumes and County Road Numbers Map, Greene County, Arkansas (Map) (1978 ed.). ftp://ftp.geostor.arkansas.gov/geostor_raster_02/AHTD_MAP_SERIES/HISTORIC/Greene_County/mgree_1978.pdf. Retrieved January 23, 2011.

External links[edit]