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Temporal range: Ediacaran
Arkarua is a small, Precambrian disk-like fossil with a raised center, a number of radial ridges on the rim, and a five-pointed central depression marked with radial lines of 5 small dots from the middle of the disk center. The only known species, Arkarua adami, is 3 to 10 mm in diameter. Arkarua is known only from the Ediacaran beds of the Flinders Ranges in South Australia, and takes its name from a mythical giant snake of the local Aboriginal people (Gehling 1987).
All known specimens of Arkarua are casts that give no clue to the internal structure, making classification problematic. Because of Arkarua's pentamerous symmetry, it is tentatively placed within phylum Echinodermata. Because of its flattened disk- or button-shape, coupled with its pentamerous symmetry, some claim that it can be further classified into the Edrioasteroidea, a class of the echinoderms.
See also 
- Vendian animals: Arkarua from the Ediacara Hills of Australia, from the University of California Berkeley Museum of Paleontology. (pictures)
- Gehling, J.G. 1987. Earliest known echinoderm — a new Ediacaran fossil from the Pound Subgroup of South Australia. Alcheringa 11:337-345.
- McMenamin M. (1986). The Garden of Ediacara. ISBN 978-0-231-10559-0. Retrieved 2007-03-08.
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