Arlebosc

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Arlebosc
Statue of Joan of Arc at Arlebosc
Statue of Joan of Arc at Arlebosc
Arlebosc is located in France
Arlebosc
Arlebosc
Coordinates: 45°02′14″N 4°39′07″E / 45.0372°N 4.6519°E / 45.0372; 4.6519Coordinates: 45°02′14″N 4°39′07″E / 45.0372°N 4.6519°E / 45.0372; 4.6519
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Ardèche
Arrondissement Tournon-sur-Rhône
Canton Saint-Félicien
Intercommunality Pays de Saint-Félicien
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Paul Algier
Area
 • Land1 12.35 km2 (4.77 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 354
 • Population2 density 29/km2 (74/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 07014 / 07410
Elevation 265–1,028 m (869–3,373 ft)
(avg. 420 m or 1,380 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arlebosc (Occitan: Arlebòsc) is a French commune in the Ardèche department in the Rhône-Alpes region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arleboscois or Arleboscoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Arlebosc is located some 12 km west by south-west of Tournon-sur-Rhône and 8 km north-east of Lamastre. Access to the commune is by the D578 road from Saint-Jeure-d'Ay in the north passing through the village and continuing west then south-west to join the D534 north-west of Lamastre. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Saint-Just in the north-east and Les Fauries in the western extension of the commune. The commune is rugged and heavily forested with some farmland on the eastern side.[2]

The Doux river forms part of the south-western border and flows through the commune from south-west to north-east. The Ruisseau de Balaye forms the western border as it flows south to join the Doux. Other streams rise in the commune and flow south-east to join the Doux. The Merdenc rises in the north of the commune and forms part of the northern border as it flows north-east to join the Daronne south-east of Saint-Felicien.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

A legend attributes the name of the commune to one of its Lords: Bozon d'Arles.

In reality, it is a name from the Old French -bosc (a primitive form of bois meaning "wood") attested in the Occitan form of Arlabosc from 912 and Latinized to Allabosco in the 14th century.[3]

Ernest Nègre[3] explained the first element as an Occitan form erela meaning "cranberry". The French term for cranberry (Airelle) is considered to be a borrowing from a variant of the Massif Central or the Alpine éiréla (also airelo). The Provençal aire is also used for "cranberry", from the Latin ater meaning "black"[4], d'où la signification globale de « bois des airelles ».3 , so the overall meaning is "forest of cranberries".

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[5]

From To Name Party Position
1809 Jean-Baptiste Bouvet
1809 1816 Jean André Etienne-Peyrouze
1817 Jean Alexandre du Rouchet de Chazotte
1945 1954 Marius Sarzier
1954 1977 André Blanchet
1977 1989 Michel Vert
1989 2008 Jean-Claude Deloche
2008 2014 Jean Paul Agier

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 354 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,000 784 950 971 926 1,035 1,015 1,020 989
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,042 1,044 1,050 1,098 1,103 1,080 1,074 1,141 1,033
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
986 1,010 896 804 739 690 668 614 534
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
501 479 433 378 360 321 - 354 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arlebosc

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

The population of the town is relatively old. The ratio of persons above the age of 60 years (29.3%) is higher than the national average (21.8%) and the departmental average (26.8%). Unlike national and departmental allocations, the male population of the town is greater than the female population (50.1% against 48.7% nationally and 49.1% at the departmental level).

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Arlebosc and Ardèche Department in 2009

Arlebosc Arlebosc Ardèche Ardèche
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 13.3 11.6 18.7 16.9
15 to 29 Years 20.2 16.3 15.4 14.0
30 to 44 Years 11.6 15.7 19.9 18.9
45 to 59 Years 30.6 22.1 21.5 20.6
60 to 74 Years 13.3 14.5 16.1 16.4
75 to 89 Years 11.0 18.6 8.0 11.7
90 Years+ 0.0 1.2 0.4 1.5

Sources:

Sites and Monuments[edit]

Church of Saint Sacrement at Arlebosc
  • Chateau of Malgaray
  • Chateau of Romaneaux
  • Chateau of Chazotte from the 17th century[6]
  • Church of Saint Sacrement from the 19th century
  • Chapel of Saint Just

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

Myriam Gagnaire, a presenter on France 3 and TV5 Monde on "Side gardens" is a resident of the commune and artistic director of La Compagnie du Chat qui louche (French), a cultural association whose headquarters is in Arlebosc and covers the Ardèche department with various cultural and educational activities in association with the local authorities.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ardèche (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ a b Ernest Nègre, Toponymie générale de la France, volume II, Librairie Droz, 1991. p. 1206. (French)
  4. ^ Etymology of airelle, CNRTL website (French)
  5. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  6. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00116627 Chateau of Chazotte (French)