Armée d'Orient (1915–19)

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The Armée d'Orient (AO) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I who fought on the Macedonian Front.

The Armée d'Orient was formed in September 1915 during the Conquest of Serbia by German-Austrian-Bulgarian forces, and shipped to the Greek port of Salonika where its first units arrived on 5 October. Despite several offensives, the front stabilized on the Greek-Macedonian border until September 1918, when the Bulgarian army disintegrated after defeat in the Battle of Dobro Pole.

On 11 August 1916, all allied troops on the Salonika Front came under a united command, and named Allied Army of the Orient. Supreme commander became the French commander of the Armée d'Orient Maurice Sarrail. He was replaced as commander of the Armée d'Orient by Victor Cordonnier, and the army itself was renamed the Armée française d'Orient (AFO).

Commanders[edit]

  • General Maurice Sarrail (5 October 1915 – 11 August 1916)
  • General Victor Cordonnier (11 August 1916 – 19 October 1916)
  • General Paul Leblois (19 October 1916 – 1 February 1917)
  • General Paul François Grossetti (1 February 1917 – 30 September 1917)
  • General Charles Louis Régnault (30 September 1917 – 31 December 1917)
  • General Paul Prosper Henrys (31 December 1917 – April 1919)

Units[edit]

  • 156th infantery division (since October 1915), was part of the Corps Expeditionnaire des Dardanelles
  • 57th infantery division (since October-November 1915)
  • 122nd infantery division (since October-November 1915)
  • 17th colonial infantery division (since February 1916), was part of the Corps Expeditionnaire des Dardanelles
  • 30th infantery division (since September-December 1916)
  • 76th infantery division (since September-December 1916)
  • 11th colonial infantery division (since September-December 1916)
  • 16th colonial infantery division (since September-December 1916)
  • A cavalry brigade

After World War I[edit]

After the victory against Bulgaria in the fall of 1918, the AFO is divided in 3 parts :


Sources[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.

See also[edit]

List of French armies in WWI