Armageddon (1998 film)

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Armageddon
Armageddon-poster06.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Michael Bay
Produced by Michael Bay
Jerry Bruckheimer
Gale Anne Hurd
Screenplay by Jonathan Hensleigh
J. J. Abrams
Story by Robert Roy Pool
Jonathan Hensleigh
Starring Bruce Willis
Billy Bob Thornton
Liv Tyler
Ben Affleck
Will Patton
Keith David
Michael Clarke Duncan
Steve Buscemi
Narrated by Charlton Heston
Music by Trevor Rabin
Cinematography John Schwartzman
Edited by Mark Goldblatt
Chris Lebenzon
Glen Scantlebury
Production
  company
Touchstone Pictures
Jerry Bruckheimer Films
Valhalla Motion Pictures
Distributed by Buena Vista Pictures
Release date(s)
  • July 1, 1998 (1998-07-01)
Running time 150 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $140 million[1]
Box office $553,709,788[1]

Armageddon is a 1998 American science fiction disaster thriller film, directed by Michael Bay, produced by Jerry Bruckheimer, and released by Touchstone Pictures. The film follows a group of blue-collar deep-core drillers sent by NASA to stop a gigantic asteroid on a collision course with Earth. It features an ensemble cast including Bruce Willis, Ben Affleck, Billy Bob Thornton, Liv Tyler, Owen Wilson, Will Patton, Peter Stormare, William Fichtner, Michael Clarke Duncan, Keith David and Steve Buscemi.

Armageddon opened in theaters only two-and-a-half months after a similar impact-based movie, Deep Impact, which starred Robert Duvall and Morgan Freeman. Armageddon fared better at the box office, while astronomers described Deep Impact as being more scientifically accurate.[2][3] Both films were equally received by film critics. Armageddon was an international box-office success, despite generally mixed reviews from critics. It became the highest-grossing film of 1998 worldwide, surpassing the Steven Spielberg war epic Saving Private Ryan.

Plot[edit]

A massive meteor shower destroys the orbiting Space Shuttle Atlantis and bombards a swath of land from America's East Coast including New York City through Finland. NASA discovers that a rogue comet the size of Texas passed through the asteroid belt and pushed forward a large amount of space debris. The core of the comet, now considered an asteroid, will collide with Earth in 18 days, creating another extinction event. NASA scientists, led by Dan Truman, plan to trigger a nuclear detonation 800 ft inside the asteroid that will split the asteroid in two, driving the pieces apart so both will fly safely past the Earth. NASA contacts Harry Stamper, considered the best deep-sea oil driller in the world, for assistance and advice. Harry returns to NASA, along with his teenage daughter Grace, to keep her away from her new boyfriend, one of Harry's young and rambunctious drillers, A. J. Frost. Harry and Grace learn about the asteroid, and Harry explains he will need his team, including A. J., to carry out the mission. Once they have been rounded up and the situation is explained, they agree to help, but only after their list of unusual rewards and demands are met.

NASA sets plans to launch two military space shuttles Freedom and Independence with redundant equipment to increase the chances of success; the shuttles will refill with liquid oxygen from the Russian space station Mir before making a slingshot maneuver around the Moon as to approach the asteroid from its backside where the target bomb site is located. NASA puts Harry and his crew through a short and rigorous astronaut training program, while Harry and his team re-outfit the mobile drillers, "Armadillos", for the difficult job.

The destruction of Shanghai by an asteroid fragment forces NASA to reveal their plans to the world. The shuttles are launched and arrive at Mir where its sole cosmonaut Lev helps with refueling. A major fire breaks out near the last stage of transfer, and the crews including Lev evacuate to the shuttles just before Mir explodes. The shuttles perform the slingshot around the moon, but approaching the asteroid, the Independence's engines are destroyed by trailing debris, and appears lost when it crashes on the asteroid. Grace, aware A.J. was aboard the Independence, is traumatized by this news. Unknown to the others, A.J., Lev, and "Bear" (another of Harry's crew) survive the impact and head towards the target site in their Armadillo.

Meanwhile, Freedom safely lands on the asteroid, but has overshot the target landing zone, ending over a much-harder metallic field than planned. Their drilling quickly falls behind schedule. The military initiates "Secondary Protocol" to remotely detonate the nuclear weapon on the asteroid's surface, despite Truman's assurance it would have no effect. Truman alerts Harry, and he is able to get the shuttle commander's help to disarm the remote trigger. Harry pushes his crew harder, but in their haste, they hit a gas pocket, blowing their Armadillo into space. They consider the mission lost until the arrival of the Independence's Armadillo. With A.J. at the controls, they quickly reach the required depth for the bomb.

The heat from the asteroid's approach to earth damages the triggering device, forcing someone to stay behind manually to detonate the bomb. After all the non-flight crew volunteers, they draw straws, and A.J. is selected. As he and Harry exit the airlock, Harry rips off A.J.'s air hose and shoves him back inside, telling him he is the son Harry never had, and he would be proud to have A.J. marry Grace. Harry prepares to detonate the bomb and contacts Grace to say his last goodbyes. After the Freedom moves to a safe distance, Harry pushes the button at the last minute, and the bomb successfully splits the asteroid to avoid collision with Earth as planned. Freedom lands, and the surviving crew are treated as heroes. A.J. and Grace get married, with photos of Harry and the other lost crew members present in memoriam.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

In May 1998, Walt Disney Studios chairman Joe Roth expanded the film's budget by $3 million to include additional special effects scenes. This additional footage, incorporated two months prior to the film's release, was specifically added for the television advertising campaign to differentiate the film from Deep Impact which was released a few months before.[4]

Nine scribes worked on script, five get credit. In addition to Robert Roy Pool, Jonathan Hensleigh, Tony Gilroy, Shane Salerno and J.J. Abrams, the writers involved included Paul Attanasio, Ann Biderman, Scott Rosenberg and Robert Towne. Originally, it was Hensleigh’s script, based on Pool’s original, that had been greenlighted by Touchstone. Then producer Jerry Bruckheimer hired the succession of scribes for rewrites and polishes.[5]

Music[edit]

Main article: Armageddon: The Album

Trevor Rabin composed the film's score, which was released by Sony Classical on November 10, 1998. A separate soundtrack album, titled Armageddon: The Album, was released by Columbia Records on June 23, 1998.

Release[edit]

Prior to Armageddon's release, the film was advertised in Super Bowl XXXII at a cost of $2.6 million.[6] A novelization was written by C. Bolin, based on the screenplay by Jonathan Hensleigh, J. J. Abrams, Tony Gilroy and Shane Salerno and the story by Jonathan Hensleigh and Robert Pool.[citation needed]

Home media[edit]

Despite a mixed critical reception, a DVD edition of Armageddon was released by The Criterion Collection, a specialist film distributor of primarily arthouse films that markets what it considers to be "important classic and contemporary films" and "cinema at its finest". In an essay supporting the selection of Armageddon, film scholar Jeanine Basinger, who taught Michael Bay at Wesleyan University, states that the film is "a work of art by a cutting-edge artist who is a master of movement, light, color, and shape—and also of chaos, razzle-dazzle, and explosion". She sees it as a celebration of working men: "This film makes these ordinary men noble, lifting their efforts up into an epic event." Further, she states that in the first few moments of the film all the main characters are well established, saying, "If that isn't screenwriting, I don't know what is".[7] The film was also released by Touchstone Home Entertainment on standard edition Blu-ray disc in 2010 with only a few special features.

Space Shuttle Columbia disaster[edit]

Following the 2003 Columbia disaster, some screen captures from the opening scene where Atlantis is destroyed were passed off as satellite images of the disaster in a hoax.[8] Also, in response to the disaster, FX pulled Armageddon from the night's schedule and replaced it with Aliens.[9]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

Armageddon was released on July 1, 1998 in 3,127 theaters in the United States and Canada. It ranked first at the box office with an opening weekend gross of $36 million. It grossed $201.6 million in the United States and Canada and $352.1 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $553.7 million.[1]

Critical response[edit]

Armageddon received mostly mixed reviews from film critics, who mainly took issue with "the furious pace of its editing".[10] The film is on the list of Roger Ebert's most hated films.[11] In his original review, Ebert stated, "The movie is an assault on the eyes, the ears, the brain, common sense and the human desire to be entertained".[12] Todd McCarthy of Variety also gave the film a negative review, noting Michael Bay's rapid cutting style: "Much of the confusion, as well as the lack of dramatic rhythm or character development, results directly from Bay's cutting style, which resembles a machine gun stuck in the firing position for 2½ hours."[13] The film has a cumulative 39% "Rotten" rating on Rotten Tomatoes,[14] while achieving a 42% aggregate score on Metacritic.

According to Bruce Joel Rubin, writer of Deep Impact, a production president at Disney took notes on everything the writer said during lunch about his script and initiated Armageddon as a counter film at Disney.[15]

In April 2013, in a Miami Herald interview to promote Pain & Gain, Bay was quoted as having said:

...We had to do the whole movie in 16 weeks. It was a massive undertaking. That was not fair to the movie. I would redo the entire third act if I could. But the studio literally took the movie away from us. It was terrible. My visual effects supervisor had a nervous breakdown, so I had to be in charge of that. I called James Cameron and asked ‘What do you do when you’re doing all the effects yourself?’ But the movie did fine.[16]

Some time after the article was published, Bay corrected his stance, claiming that his apology only related to the editing of the film, not the whole film,[17] and accused the writer of the article for taking his words out of context. The author of the article, Miami Herald writer Rene Rodriguez claimed: "NBC asked me for a response, and I played them the tape. I didn’t misquote anyone. All the sites that picked up the story did."[18]

Scientific accuracy[edit]

In an interview with Entertainment Weekly, Michael Bay admitted that the central premise of the film, "that [NASA] could actually do something in a situation like this," was unrealistic. Robert Roy Pool, a contributing screenwriter, stated that his script, in which an anti-gravity device is used to deflect a comet from a collision course with Earth, was "much more in line with top-secret research."[19] Additionally, near the end of the credits there is a disclaimer stating, "The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's cooperation and assistance does not reflect an endorsement of the contents of the film or the treatment of the characters depicted therein."[20]

In 2012, following a mathematical analysis of the situation, an article titled "Could Bruce Willis Save the World?" was published in the Journal of Physics Special Topics, an undergraduate journal used as a teaching tool at the University of Leicester.[21] It found that for Willis' approach to be effective, he would need to be in possession of an H-bomb a billion times stronger than the Soviet Union's "Big Ivan", the biggest ever detonated on Earth. Using estimates of the asteroid's size, density, speed and distance from Earth based on information in the film, students found that to split the asteroid in two with both pieces clearing Earth, would require 800 trillion terajoules of energy. In contrast the total energy output of "Big Ivan", which was tested by the Soviet Union in 1961, was only 418,000 terajoules.[22]

Accolades[edit]

The film received four Academy Award nominations at the 72nd Academy Awards, including; Best Sound(Kevin O'Connell, Greg P. Russell and Keith A. Wester), Best Visual Effects, Best Sound Effects Editing, and Best Original Song ("I Don't Want to Miss a Thing" performed by Aerosmith).[23] The film received the Saturn Awards for Best Direction and Best Science Fiction Film (where it tied with Dark City). It was also nominated for seven Razzie Awards[24] including: Worst Actor (Bruce Willis), Worst Picture, Worst Director, Worst Screenplay, Worst Supporting Actress (Liv Tyler), Worst Screen Couple (Tyler and Ben Affleck) and Worst Original Song. Only one Razzie was awarded: Bruce Willis received the Worst Actor award for Armageddon, in addition to his appearances in Mercury Rising and The Siege, both released in the same year as this film.

Award Category Winner/Nominee Result Ref.
Academy Awards Best Sound Editing George Watters II Nominated [25]
Best Visual Effects Richard R. Hoover, Patrick McClung and John Frazier Nominated
Best Original Song ("I Don't Want to Miss a Thing") Diane Warren Nominated
Best Sound Mixing Kevin O'Connell, Greg P. Russell and Keith A. Wester Nominated
Awards of the Japanese Academy Outstanding Foreign Language Film Armageddon Nominated
ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards Most Performed Songs from a Motion Picture Diane Warren Won [26]
Blockbuster Entertainment Awards Favorite Actor - Sci-Fi Bruce Willis Won [27]
Favorite Actress - Sci-Fi Liv Tyler Nominated
Favorite Supporting Actor - Sci-Fi Ben Affleck Won
Billy Bob Thornton Nominated
Favorite Soundtrack Trevor Rabin and Harry Gregson-Williams Nominated
BMI Film & TV Awards Best Music Trevor Rabin Won
Cinema Audio Society Awards Outstanding Achievement in Sound Mixing for a Feature Film Kevin O'Connell, Greg P. Russell and Keith A. Wester Nominated [28]
1999 Grammy Awards Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or for Television Diane Warren Nominated
19th Golden Raspberry Awards Worst Actor Bruce Willis Won
Worst Director Michael Bay Nominated
Worst Original Song ("I Don't Want to Miss a Thing") Diane Warren Nominated
Worst Picture Jerry Bruckheimer, Gale Anne Hurd, Michael Bay Nominated
Worst Screen Couple Ben Affleck and Liv Tyler Nominated
Worst Screenplay Jonathan Hensleigh and J. J. Abrams Nominated
Worst Supporting Actress Liv Tyler Nominated
Golden Reel Awards Best Sound Editing Kevin O'Connell, Greg P. Russell and Keith A. Wester Nominated
Best Sound Editing - Music Bob Badami, Will Kaplan, Shannon Erbe, Mark Jan Wlodarkiewicz Nominated
1998 Golden Satellite Awards Best Original Song Aerosmith Won
Best Visual Effects Richard R. Hoover, Pat McClung and John Frazier Nominated
Golden Trailer Awards Best Trailer Nominated
1999 MTV Movie Awards Best Action Sequence Armageddon Won
Best Performance - Male Ben Affleck Nominated
Best Performance - Female Liv Tyler Nominated
Best Movie Armageddon Nominated
Best Movie Song Aerosmith Won
Best On-Screen Duo Ben Affleck and Liv Tyler Nominated
Saturn Awards Best Actor Bruce Willis Nominated
Best Costumes Michael Kaplan, Magali Guidasci Nominated
Best Director Michael Bay Won
Best Music Trevor Rabin Nominated
Best Science Fiction Film Armageddon Won
Best Special Effects Richard R. Hoover, Pat McClung and John Frazier Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Ben Affleck Nominated
Teen Choice Awards Film - Choice Actor Nominated

Theme park attraction[edit]

Armageddon – Les Effets Speciaux is an attraction based on Armageddon at Walt Disney Studios Park located at Disneyland Paris.[29] The attraction simulates the scene in the movie in which the Russian Space Station is destroyed.[30] Michael Clarke Duncan ("Bear" in the film) is featured in the pre-show.[30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Armageddon (1998)". Box Office Mojo. October 11, 1998. 
  2. ^ "Disaster Movies". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-03-23. 
  3. ^ Plait, Phil (February 17, 2000). "Hollywood Does the Universe Wrong". Space.com. 
  4. ^ Lichtenfeld, p. 221.
  5. ^ "‘Armageddon’ credits set". Variety.com. 
  6. ^ Lichtenfeld, p. 224.
  7. ^ The Criterion Collection: Armageddon by Michael Bay. Criterion.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-14.
  8. ^ "Photos of the Shuttle Columbia Disaster?". BreakTheChain.org. 
  9. ^ Sue Chan (February 3, 2003). "TV Pulls Shuttle Sensitive Material, Hewlett-Packard Ad, Bruce Willis Movie Yanked From Air". CBS News. 
  10. ^ Lichtenfeld, Eric (2007). Action Speaks Louder: Violence, Spectacle, and the American Action Movie. Wesleyan University Press. p. 220. ISBN 978-0-8195-6801-4. 
  11. ^ Ebert, Roger (August 11, 2005). "Ebert's Most Hated". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  12. ^ Roger Ebert – Armageddon. Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-14.
  13. ^ Lichtenfeld, p. 220.
  14. ^ Armageddon – Movie Review – Rotten Tomatoes
  15. ^ "Tales from the Script: Hollywood Screenwriters Share Their Stories – – Nonfiction Book & Film Project About Screenwriting". Talesfromthescript.com. Retrieved 2011-04-29. 
  16. ^ Rodriguez, Rene. "‘Pain & Gain’ revisits a horrific Miami crime" The Miami Herald (April 21, 2013).
  17. ^ Miami Herald: Michael Bay: No apology for Armageddon (April 24, 2013)
  18. ^ "Michael Bay Hits Back At Reporter In ‘Armageddon’ Apology Flap." Deadline.com (April 2013).
  19. ^ Daly, Steve (March 27, 1998). "The Hype That Fell To Earth". 
  20. ^ TOUCHSTONE PICTURES ARMAGEDDON. movie-page.com.
  21. ^ "About the Journal". Physics.le.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  22. ^ Collins, Nick (7 Aug 2012). "Bruce Willis would have needed a bigger bomb to stop asteroid, scientists say". Telegraph. 
  23. ^ "The 71st Academy Awards (1999) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. 
  24. ^ "1998 Golden Rasberry Award Nominees and Winners". Archived from the original on March 28, 2006. Retrieved April 30, 2006. 
  25. ^ [1][dead link]
  26. ^ "ASCAP Honors Top Film & TV Music Composers at 27th Annual Awards Celebration". Ascap.com. 2012-06-28. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  27. ^ http://www.whosdatedwho.com/tpx.../blockbuster-entertainment-awards/1999
  28. ^ Awards for Armageddon at the Internet Movie Database
  29. ^ "Armageddon – Backlot – Disneyland® Resort Paris". International.parks.disneylandparis.com. Retrieved 2011-04-29. 
  30. ^ a b "Armageddon – Les Effets Speciaux | Photos Magiques – Disneyland Paris photos". Photos Magiques. Retrieved 2011-04-29. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]