Armee-Abteilung A

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Armee-Abteilung Falkenhausen
Armee-Abteilung A
Army Detachment A
Stab eines Armeeoberkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of an Armee Oberkommando (1871–1918)
Active 17 September 1914 - post 11 November 1918
Country  German Empire
Type Army
Engagements World War I

Armee-Abteilung Falkenhausen / Armee-Abteilung A (Army Detachment A) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It served on the left (southern) wing of the Western Front throughout its existence.

History[edit]

Armee-Abteilung Falkenhausen was set up in the southern part of the Western Front in Alsace-Lorraine on 17 September 1914 from the parts of 6th Army that remained in Lorraine after it marched north to participate in the Race to the Sea. The Staff of the dissolved Ersatz Corps under General der Infanterie Ludwig von Falkenhausen took command. It was established as Armee-Abteilung A on 15 April 1916. It was still in existence when the war ended,[1] serving on the Western Front as part of Heeresgruppe Herzog Albrecht von Württemberg.[2]

Order of Battle on formation[edit]

The following Orders of Battle illustrate the progression of the Armee-Abteilung during the war.

Organization of Armee-Abteilung Falkenhausen on 10 December 1914[3]
Army Corps Division
Armee-Abteilung Falkenhausen Former Ersatz Corps 10th Ersatz Division
Guards Ersatz Division
8th Ersatz Division
61st Reserve Infantry Brigade
1st Bavarian Landwehr Division
19th Ersatz Division
XV Reserve Corps 30th Reserve Division
39th Reserve Division
Under Army command 2 Landwehr Brigades

Order of Battle, 30 October 1918[edit]

By the end of the war, the majority of the units assigned were lower quality Reserve and Landwehr Divisions indicative of the relatively quiet sector that the Armee-Abteilung was operating in.

Organization of Armee-Abteilung A on 30 October 1918[4]
Army Corps Division
Armee-Abteilung A 59th Corps (z.b.V.) 96th Division
21st Landwehr Division
75th Reserve Division
VII Corps 82nd Composite Reserve Infantry Brigade
301st Division
XV Bavarian Reserve Corps 39th Bavarian Reserve Division
61st Landwehr Brigade
IX Corps (Austria-Hungary) 37th Division (Austria-Hungary)
4th Landwehr Division

Commanders[edit]

Armee-Abteilung A had the following commanders during its existence:[5]

Armee-Abteilung Falkenhausen / Armee-Abteilung A
From Commander Previously Subsequently
17 September 1914 General der Infanterie Ludwig von Falkenhausen Ersatz Corps High Command of Coastal Defence
24 December 1914 Generaloberst Ludwig von Falkenhausen
17 April 1916 General der Infanterie Karl Ludwig d'Elsa XII Corps Retired status[6]
4 January 1917 General der Infanterie Bruno von Mudra 8th Army 1st Army
9 June 1918 vacant[7]
6 August 1918 General der Infanterie Johannes von Eben 9th Army 1 Armeekorps from 20 December 1918[8]

Glossary[edit]

  • Armee-Abteilung or Army Detachment in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army so is in itself a small Army.[9]
  • Armee-Gruppe or Army Group in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
  • Heeresgruppe or Army Group in the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 84
  2. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 187
  3. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 178
  4. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 187
  5. ^ Cron 2002, p. 399
  6. ^ The Prussian Machine Accessed: 11 February 2012
  7. ^ Whilst von Mudra assumed temporary command of 1st Army, von Eben remained with 9th Army as its new commander, General der Infanterie Fritz von Below, had contracted pneumonia.
  8. ^ The Prussian Machine Accessed: 11 February 2012
  9. ^ Cron 2002, p. 84

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. 
  • Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6.