Armenians in Uruguay
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2008)|
|15,000 - 19,000|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Armenian Apostolic, Armenian Catholic, Evangelical and Protestant|
|Related ethnic groups|
Being one of the Armenian diaspora's smaller communities, Armenians in Uruguay are concentrated mostly in the capital city. Many of the Armenians are third or even fourth-generation descendants of the first wave of immigrants coming from the Ottoman Empire between the end of the 19th century and the Armenian Genocide. The Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU) established a chapter in Uruguay in 1939 and inaugurated a community center complex in 1953. Recognition of the Armenian Genocide by various world parliaments was spearheaded by Uruguay's Parliament, when in 1965 it became the first country in the world to recognize the Armenian Genocide. The Parliament has subsequently consistently supported various resolutions in favor of the Armenians.
Between 1974 and 1975, the AGBU Uruguay Chapter established an educational center which was completed in two phases: first to be completed was the Nubarian Elementary School in honor of the founder of AGBU, Boghos Nubar; then came the Alex Manoogian High School, named after the then AGBU President.
The Armenians are very active in the arts. Alvaro Hagopian is the conductor of the Montevideo Philharmonic Orchestra. Also operating are Cordoba Dance Group "Ararat" (AGBU) and the Armenian National Center "Gayane" Dance Group (of Uruguay's Armenian National Center).
Montevideo has a public square named Armenia. The Uruguayan Government also has a minister (and former member of Parliament) of Armenian origin, Liliam Kechichian.
Most Armenians belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. The main center is the Armenian Church of Montevideo, Uruguay (Spanish: Iglesia Armenia del Uruguay). The church also has a memorial statue by sculptor Nerses Ounanian, dedicated to the victims of the Armenian Genocide.
The main Armenian places of worship in Montevideo are:
- St. Nerses Shnorhali Church (Armenian Apostolic)
- Cathedral of Our Lady of Bzommar (Armenian Catholic)
- Armenian Evangelical Church (Armenian Evangelical)
- Joaquín Boghossian - Footballer for Newell's Old Boys
- Sergio Markarián - Coach for Peruvian national football team, former coach of Universidad de Chile
- Mauro Guevgeozián - Footballer for Everton
- Nerses Ounanian - sculptor and artist
- Adrian Sarkissian - Retired former footballer
- Liliam Kechichián - Minister
- Dora Bagdassarián - Dean of the Law School of the University of the Republic
- Roberto Markarián - Rector of the University of the Republic
- AGBU - AGBU XVIII World Games Takes Montevideo by Storm, 1,000 People Participate
- ArmenianDiaspora website
- Felipe Arocena. "The contribution of immigrants to Uruguay" (PDF) (in Spanish). multiculturalismoenuruguay.com. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- AGBU Uruguay Chapter
- Armenians in Uruguay
- Web site for Armenians of Uruguay
- Tigran Ghanalanyan, Armenian Protestant communities in South America, http://noravank.am/eng/issues/detail.php?ELEMENT_ID=5722
- Armenian-Uruguayan cultural identity (Spanish)