Armentières

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Armentières
The town hall
The town hall
Coat of arms of Armentières
Coat of arms
Armentières is located in France
Armentières
Armentières
Coordinates: 50°41′17″N 2°52′52″E / 50.6881°N 2.8811°E / 50.6881; 2.8811Coordinates: 50°41′17″N 2°52′52″E / 50.6881°N 2.8811°E / 50.6881; 2.8811
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Nord
Arrondissement Lille
Canton Armentières
Intercommunality Lille Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Bernard Haesebroeck
Area
 • Land1 6.28 km2 (2.42 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 25,089
 • Population2 density 4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 59017 / 59280

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Armentières (IPA: [aʁmɑ̃tjɛːʁ]; Dutch: Armentiers) is a commune in the Nord department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region in northern France. It is part of the Urban Community of Lille Métropole.

The motto of the town is Pauvre mais fière (Poor but proud).

Geography[edit]

Armentières lies on the Belgian border, northwest of the city of Lille, on the right bank of the river Lys.

History[edit]

Armentières in 1649

In 1668, the town became French like the rest of French Flanders. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, Armentières acquired fame, being the “City of the Fabric”. The industrial weaving, spinning and brewing grew in Armentières, benefitting from the presence of water.

Armentières particularly suffered at the time of the World Wars. However, the town did receive two Military Crosses (one for World War I and the second for the Second World War) and the Legion of Honor. In Armentières and in the neighbourhoods, the military cemeteries are places of remembrance for the casualties of the World Wars. "Mademoiselle from Armentières" was a popular song among Allied soldiers in World War I.

During World War I, in April 1918, German forces shelled Armentières with mustard gas. British troops were forced to evacuate the area but German troops could not enter the commune for two weeks because of the heavy contamination. Witnesses to the bombardment stated that the shelling was so heavy that liquid mustard ran in the streets.[1][2]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 7,671 —    
1800 7,598 −1.0%
1806 7,542 −0.7%
1821 7,681 +1.8%
1831 6,338 −17.5%
1836 6,512 +2.7%
1841 6,817 +4.7%
1846 7,959 +16.8%
1851 8,840 +11.1%
1856 10,104 +14.3%
1861 11,901 +17.8%
1866 15,579 +30.9%
1872 19,035 +22.2%
1876 21,746 +14.2%
1881 25,089 +15.4%
1886 27,985 +11.5%
1891 28,638 +2.3%
1896 29,603 +3.4%
1901 29,401 −0.7%
1906 28,613 −2.7%
1911 28,625 +0.0%
1921 14,758 −48.4%
1926 21,035 +42.5%
1931 22,704 +7.9%
1936 24,049 +5.9%
1946 22,667 −5.7%
1954 24,940 +10.0%
1962 25,248 +1.2%
1968 26,916 +6.6%
1975 26,346 −2.1%
1982 24,834 −5.7%
1990 25,219 +1.6%
1999 25,249 +0.1%
2006 24,836 −1.6%
2009 25,089 +1.0%
2010 25,375 +1.1%
2011 25,704 +1.3%

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Armentières
The arms of Armentières are blazoned :
Argent, a fleur de lys, and on a chief gules a sun and a decrescent Or.



Railways[edit]

Calais Ville to Gare Lille Flandres
Calais Ville
Les Fontinettes
Pont-D'Ardres
Nortkerque
Ruminghem
Watten-Éperlecques
Saint-Omer
Hazebrouck / Hazebroek
Strazeele
Bailleul / Belle
Steenwerck
Nieppe
Armentières
Perenchies
Gare de Saint Andre
La Madeleine
Gare de Lille Flandres
Armentières

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Armentières is twinned with:

Famous people from Armentières[edit]

In fiction[edit]

Milady de Winter in The Three Musketeers hides in Armentières and is caught and executed there.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]