Armistice of Erzincan
The Armistice of Erzincan or Erzincan Armistice ended the armed conflicts between Russia and Ottoman Empire in the Persian Campaign and Caucasus Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. It was signed by the Russians and Ottoman Third Army in Erzincan on December 5, 1917. The armstice had the endorsement of the Special Transcaucasian Committee (Transcaucasian Commissariat, Ozakom: Osobyi Zakavkazskii Komitet, Особый Закавказский Комитет). The armstice was followed with the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on March 3, 1918, between the Russian SFSR and the Central Powers, marking Russia's exit from World War I.
On February 1917, the Russian Revolution put a stop to all Russian military operations earlier. The Soviet regime that was established on November 7, 1917 was still referred to as the Russian Republic. Later it acquired the official name of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Neither the Russian soldiers nor the Russian people wanted to go on with the war anymore. Before the Armistice, the Russian forces began to conduct withdrawals. Armistice was a need for the Russian forces under their declined power.
Russian forces pull out from Caucasus's conflicts, though some of the residual forces stayed in the region. Ottoman forces could not take advantage of this situation as the Third Army in the region was in poor shape. Also, the depleted Caucasian forces were needed at more dire places and Enver moved the five divisions that were in the region out because of the great pressure from the British in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and Mesopotamian Campaign.
- Tadeusz Swietochowski, Russian Azerbaijan 1905-1920, page 119