|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Legal status||Schedule IV (US) ℞ Prescription only|
|Metabolism||Hepatic, including CYP3A4 and other pathways|
|Excretion||Urine (as metabolites)|
| (what is this?)
Armodafinil (Nuvigil) is a stimulant-like drug produced by the pharmaceutical company Cephalon Inc., which was approved by the FDA on June 15, 2007. Armodafinil is an enantiopure drug consisting of just the active (−)-(R)-enantiomer of the racemic drug modafinil (Provigil).
Medical uses 
Sleep disorders 
Armodafinil is approved by the FDA for the treatment of narcolepsy and shift work sleep disorder, and as an adjunctive treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. For narcolepsy and obstructive sleep apnea, armodafinil is taken as a once daily 150 mg or 250 mg dose in the morning. For shift work sleep disorder, 150 mg of armodafinil are taken one hour prior to starting work. Slow dose titration is needed to mitigate some side effects.
Depression and schizophrenia 
Cephalon plans to conduct one or more Phase III clinical trials evaluating the use of Nuvigil as an adjunctive treatment for bipolar depression. In June, 2010, it was revealed that a phase II study of armodafinil as an adjunctive therapy in adults with schizophrenia had failed to meet the primary endpoints, and the clinical program was subsequently ceased.
Jet lag 
Adverse effects 
See also 
- "CDER Drug and Biologic Approvals for Calendar Year 2007". Archived from the original on 23 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-21.[dead link]
- "Search results from the "OB_Rx" table for query on "021875."", Orange Book (USFDA), March 2012, retrieved April 30, 2012
- "Cephalon - Pipeline". Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- "Cephalon Provides Clinical Update on Phase II Study of NUVIGIL as an Adjunctive Therapy in Adults with Schizophrenia,". Retrieved 2011-08-21.
- Pollack, Andrew (January 6, 2010). "A Drug’s Second Act: Battling Jet Lag". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
- Pollack, Andrew (March 29, 2010). "Regulators Reject a Drug Maker’s Plan to Use Its Alertness Pill to Overcome Jet Lag". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
- NUVIGIL.com - official site
- "A single dose of armodafinil significantly promotes vigilance 11 hours post-dose"
- "Armodafinil and Modafinil Have Substantially Different Pharmacokinetic Profiles Despite Having the Same Terminal Half-Lives", Darwish et al. 2009