Armoured reconnaissance

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A Fennek armoured reconnaissance vehicle of the German Army.

Armoured reconnaissance is terrestrial reconnaissance by soldiers in reconnaissance vehicles. The mission of armoured reconnaissance is to gather intelligence about the enemy.

Armoured reconnaissance units[edit]

Australia[edit]

In the Australian Army the main reconnaissance vehicle is the ASLAV, which is the Australian version of the LAV 25. The Army Reserve regiments use the Light Cavalry Patrol Vehicle, aka the Regional Force Surveillance Vehicle, which is a variant of the Land Rover Perentie.

Armoured reconnaissance regiments in the Australian Army

Regular

  1. 2nd Cavalry Regiment
  2. 2nd/14th Light Horse Regiment (Queensland Mounted Infantry)

Reserve

  1. 1st/15th Royal New South Wales Lancers
  2. 3rd/9th South Australia Mounted Rifles
  3. 4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse
  4. 10th Light Horse Regiment

Belgium[edit]

The Belgian Army has two armoured reconnaissance regiments

  1. 1st Regiment Mounted Rifles - Guides
  2. 2nd/4th Regiment Mounted Rifles

Kenyan[edit]

The Kenya Defense Forces have one armoured reconnaissance battalion.

  1. 76 ARB (armoured reconnaissance battalion)

Canada[edit]

In the Canadian Army, each Regular Force armoured regiment maintains both tank and reconnaissance (recce) capacities. While Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) is a tank-heavy regiment, both the Royal Canadian Dragoons and the 12e Régiment blindé du Canada are recce-heavy regiments.

All armoured regiments in the Reserve Force are roled as armoured recce.

Armoured reconnaissance regiments in the Reserve Force.

  1. The Governor General's Horse Guards
  2. The Halifax Rifles (RCAC)
  3. 8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)
  4. The Ontario Regiment (RCAC)
  5. The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (RCAC)
  6. Sherbrooke Hussars
  7. 12e Régiment blindé du Canada (Milice)
  8. 1st Hussars
  9. The Prince Edward Island Regiment (RCAC)
  10. The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal)
  11. The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own)
  12. The South Alberta Light Horse
  13. The Saskatchewan Dragoons
  14. The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC)
  15. The British Columbia Dragoons
  16. The Fort Garry Horse
  17. Le Régiment de Hull (RCAC)
  18. The Windsor Regiment (RCAC)

Denmark[edit]

There is only one armoured recce battalion in the Danish army.

  1. 3rd Battalion,(III/GHR) Guard Hussar Regiment (Gardehusarregimentet)

Disband

  1. 5th Battalion,(V/JDR) disband in 2005 (Jutlands Dragoons) Jydske Dragonregiment
  2. Recce-Squadron (six M/41DK1 Walker-bulldog), disband in 2000 (Bornholm Guards) Bornholms Værn. On the island of Bornholm

Germany[edit]

In 2005 the reconnaissance units of the German Army were restructured. The former Panzeraufklärungstruppe ("armored reconnaissance corps"), Fernspähtruppe ("long range reconnaissance corps"), Feldnachrichtentruppe and UAV units of the Artillerietruppe ("artillery corps") haven been combined to the new Heeresaufklärungstruppe ("army reconnaissance corps").

Now the German Army is operating five reconnaissance battalions and five independent companies:

  • Armoured Reconnaissance
    • Aufklärungslehrkompanie 90, Munster
    • Aufklärungskompanie 210, Augustdorf
  • Long Range Reconnaissance
    • Fernspählehrkompanie 200, Pfullendorf
  • Airborne Reconnaissance
    • Luftlandeaufklärungskompanie 260, Zweibrücken
    • Luftlandeaufklärungskompanie 310, Seedorf

Reconnaissance Bataillons:

  • Aufklärungslehrbataillon 3, Lüneburg
  • Aufklärungsbataillon 6, Eutin
  • Aufklärungsbataillon 8, Freyung
  • Aufklärungsbataillon 13, Gotha
  • Gebirgsaufklärungsbataillon 230, Füssen

Reserve units:

  • Aufklärungsbataillon 910, Gotha
  • Aufklärungsbataillon 911, Füssen
  • Aufklärungsbataillon 912, Lüneburg

Every Battalion (except the Aufklärungslehrbataillon 3) is structured in four companies:

1. HQ & Support Company

The first company provides the battalion with communication, maintenance and transport.

2. Armoured Reconnaissance Company

The armoured reconnaissance company operates all Fennek vehicle of the battalion. They are organized in six platoons of each four vehicle. Two Fennek form a scout squad (Spähtrupp).

3. Light Reconnaissance Company

The light reconnaissance company includes three HUMINT platoons (Feldnachrichtenzüge) and one scout platoon equipped with six Dingo.

4. UAV Company

The fourth company operates the two UAV platoons with LunaX and KZO. There is also a radar platoon, equipped with eight Dingo and the new radar system BÜR.

Netherlands[edit]

The Dutch Army has one regiment, the Regiment Huzaren van Boreel which was named after Willem Francois Boreel. The Regiment consists of 4 squadrons: 2 squadrons belong to the ISTAR battalion and the other 2 each belonging to 1 of the 2 Netherlands Mechanised Brigades. The difference in organisation between the ISTAR squadrons and the brigade squadrons is that the ISTAR squadrons each have a Tactical Air Control Party for Close Air Support and the 2 brigade squadrons each have an FST section. All squadrons are trained to operate completely independently. They have their own logistical support and all patrols have communication specialists and special forces medics for emergencies. The training and operation procedures of all squadrons are very similar although the ISTAR squadrons focus more on missions not from brigade but from national command. All squadrons have been on combat operations in the south of Afghanistan.

New Zealand[edit]

The New Zealand Army only has one squadron that performs armoured reconnaissance. This is also the only reserve armoured squadron.

  1. 4th Waikato Mounted Rifles part of 6th Hauraki Battalion Group

Norway[edit]

The Norwegian Army has two armoured reconnaissance squadrons.

  1. Tropp 2/ Pansret Oppklarning part of the Cavalry Squadron in the Telemark Battalion
  2. Tropp 2/ Pansert Oppklarning part of the Cavalry Squadron in the Panser Battalion

Sri Lanka[edit]

The Sri Lanka Army has five recce regiments attached to the Sri Lanka Armoured Corps.

  • 1st Reconnaissance Regiment SLAC
  • 3rd Reconnaissance Regiment SLAC
  • 5th Reconnaissance Regiment SLAC
  • 6th Reconnaissance Regiment SLAC
  • 8th Reconnaissance Regiment SLAC

South Africa[edit]

There is only one armoured recce regiment in the South African Army, and it is designated an armoured car reconnaissance regiment.

  1. Light Horse Regiment

United Kingdom[edit]

One of the British CVR(T) variants - FV107 Scimitar

In the British Army armoured reconnaissance units carry out "formation reconnaissance"[1] for higher level formations. In the British Army these Formation reconnaissance regiments are usually providing reconnaissance for a division or a heavy brigade. In a large-scale defensive operation, they would delay attacking forces, whilst screening heavier units as they moved to engage the enemy. The regiments are, currently, almost entirely equipped with vehicles of the Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) - CVR(T) - family. Some of the armoured regiments of the British Army are known as formation reconnaissance instead of armoured.

Formation reconnaissance regiments in the British Army

United States[edit]

M1127 Reconnaissance Vehicle

Each brigade combat team (BCT) (there are multiple combat support and combat service support brigades that may or may not have such assets) in the Army has an organic reconnaissance squadron assigned to it. Each heavy brigade combat team has an armed reconnaissance squadron consisting of three reconnaissance troops and an unmanned aerial vehicle troop. The reconnaissance troops have two reconnaissance platoons with five M1114 HMMWVs and three M3 Cavalry Fighting Vehicles (a variant of the M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicle). Stryker BCTs include a Stryker-vehicle-based reconnaissance squadron. There are more than 30 cavalry reconnaissance squadrons in the US Army. incomplete list:

  1. US cavalry regiments Cavalry (United States)
  2. Cavalry scout – US Army specialist position
D Company, 3rd LAR Bn patrol north of Fallujah in April 2006

The US Marine Corps light armored reconnaissance (LAR) battalions utilize the LAV-25, an 8×8 wheeled amphibious vehicle.

Regular

  1. 1st Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion – 1st Marine Division
  2. 2nd Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion – 2nd Marine Division
  3. 3rd Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion – 1st Marine Division

Reserve

  1. 4th Light Armored Reconnaissance Battalion – 4th Marine Division (reservist)

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Reconnaissance army.mod.uk