Arms industry in Romania
Before 1989, Romania was among the top ten arms exporters in the world, however its arms industry declined considerably during the 1990s. Exports fell from roughly $1 billion before 1989 to about $43 million in 2006, and the number of employees also fell from 220,000 in 1990 to 20,000 in 2009. Sales to the Romanian Armed Forces have plunged after Romania's accession to NATO in 2004, as factories continue to produce Warsaw Pact-caliber weapons and ammunition, which are incompatible with their Western counterparts. There have also been criticisms related to the quality of Romania's military products, due to the obsolescence of factory equipment and production methods. The Cugir weapons plant, for example, still uses some machinery dated from 1890.
As of 2009, sales are roughly evenly divided between the Romanian state and foreign customers such as European Union and Arab countries such as Egypt, Algeria and Iraq. Other countries which have shown interest in Romanian equipment include Afghanistan, Israel, Switzerland, the United States, the United Arab Emirates, India, Georgia and a slew of African countries. There have been some signs of slight recovery, with exports reaching €141 million in 2009. However, the arms industry in Romania still lags behind neighboring countries such as Ukraine, Bulgaria and Serbia.
In recent years, the Romanian government has called, unsuccessfully, for the lifting of the European Union arms embargo on the People's Republic of China.
- Uzinele Mecanice Cugir
- Uzina Automecanica Moreni
- Carfil Braşov
- Industria Aeronautică Română
Weapons and equipment
- PA md. 86 assault rifle and carabine
- PM md. 63/65/90 assault rifle and carabine
- Pistol model 2000 handgun
- RATMIL SMG submachinegun
- Mitralieră md. 93 5.45x39mm LMG
- PM md. 64 7.62x39mm light machine gun
- PSL sniper rifle
- Dracula md. 98 machine pistol
- 7.62x54Rmm Machine Gun
- 7.62x54Rmm Tank Machine Gun
- AG-7 rocket propelled grenade
- AG-9 Rocket propelled grenade
- CA-94 surface-to-air missile system
- TR-77-580 main battle tank
- TR-85/TR-85 M1 main battle tank
- TR-125 main battle tank
- MLI-84/MLI-84M infantry fighting vehicle
- TAB-77 armored personnel carrier
- ABC-79M armored personnel carrier
- B33 Zimbru armored personnel carrier
- Saur 1 armored personnel carrier
- CA-95 mobile anti-air missile system
- Tsukanova, Anya (October 7, 2008). "Pirates shine spotlight on Ukraine arms-trafficking". Manila Times. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
- Bulgaria's Arms Export Totals US$250 Million Annually